Are exercise programs effective for improving health-related quality of life among cancer survivors? A systematic review and meta-analysis
Language: 
English
Short Title: 
Are exercise programs effective for improving health-related quality of life among cancer survivors?
Abstract: 

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of exercise interventions on overall health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and its domains among cancer survivors who have completed primary treatment. DATA SOURCES: 11 electronic databases were searched from inception (dates varied) to October 2011. The authors also identified eligible trials through a search of additional sources. DATA SYNTHESIS: 40 trials with 3,694 participants met the inclusion criteria. At 12 weeks, cancer survivors exposed to exercise interventions had greater positive improvement in overall HRQOL (standardized mean difference [SMD] 0.48; 95% confidence interval [CI] [0.16, 0.81]), emotional well-being (SMD 0.33; 95% CI [0.05, 0.61]), and social functioning (SMD 0.45; 95% CI [0.02, 0.87]); and had a significant reduction in anxiety (SMD -0.26; 95% CI [-0.44, -0.07]) and fatigue (SMD -0.82; 95% CI [-1.5, -0.14]). CONCLUSIONS: Exercise programs have a beneficial effect on HRQOL and most of its domains and can be integrated into the management plans for cancer survivors who have completed treatment. Future research is needed to help understand specific attributes of exercise programs that are beneficial for improving HRQOL within and across cancer types. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Evidence presented in this review supports the inclusion of exercise programs in clinical guidelines for the management of cancer survivors who have completed treatment, such as the Oncology Nursing Society's Putting Evidence Into Practice resource.

Author(s): 
Mishra, Shiraz I.
Scherer, Roberta W.
Snyder, Claire
Geigle, Paula
Gotay, Carolyn
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Oncology Nursing Forum
Journal Abbreviation: 
Oncol Nurs Forum
Publication Date: 
11/1/2014
Publication Year: 
2014
Pages: 
E326-342
Volume: 
41
Issue: 
6
ISSN: 
1538-0688
DOI: 
10.1188/14.ONF.E326-E342
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 25355029 PMCID: PMC4332787

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Shiraz I. Mishra, Roberta W. Scherer, Claire Snyder, Paula Geigle and Carolyn Gotay. 11/1/2014. "Are exercise programs effective for improving health-related quality of life among cancer survivors? A systematic review and meta-analysis." Oncology Nursing Forum 41: 6: E326-342. 10.1188/14.ONF.E326-E342.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1188/14.ONF.E326-E342 | issn = 1538-0688 | volume = 41 | pages = E326-342 | last = Mishra | first = Shiraz I. | coauthors = Scherer, Roberta W., Snyder, Claire, Geigle, Paula, Gotay, Carolyn | title = Are exercise programs effective for improving health-related quality of life among cancer survivors? A systematic review and meta-analysis | journal = Oncology Nursing Forum | date = 11/1/2014 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>