"The benefits make up for whatever is lost": altruism and accountability in a new call system
Language: 
English
Short Title: 
"The benefits make up for whatever is lost"
Abstract: 

PURPOSE: A new internal medicine call structure was implemented at two teaching hospitals at the University of Toronto, Canada, in 2009, motivated by patient safety concerns, new duty hours regulations, and dissatisfaction among attending physicians. This study aimed to determine attendings', residents', and students' experiences with the new structure and to look carefully for unintended consequences. METHOD: Between June and August 2009, the authors conducted an in-depth qualitative study using level-specific focus groups of attending physicians, residents, and medical students (n=28) with experience of both the old and new call systems. Discussions were analyzed using grounded theory. RESULTS: Analysis revealed six themes (physician, manager, learner, teacher, workload, and "teamness") as well as the overarching theme of accountability. Although participants perceived the new system as better for patient care, there were several trade-offs. For example, workload was more predictable and equitable but less flexible, and senior residents reported less personal continuity for patients but increased continuity of care on the team level. Teaching and learning were negatively affected. Despite the negative effects, participants perceived that overall accountability improved on many levels, and participants felt the trade-offs were worth the perceived benefits. CONCLUSIONS: Residents were flexible and altruistic, accepting trade-offs in their own experiences in favor of patient care. Education was negatively affected. This study highlights the importance of carefully studying changes to look for anticipated and unanticipated consequences.

Author(s): 
Stroud, Lynfa
Oulanova, Olga
Szecket, Nicolas
Ginsburg, Shiphra
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Journal Abbreviation: 
Acad Med
Publication Date: 
2012-10
Publication Year: 
2012
Pages: 
1421-1427
Volume: 
87
Issue: 
10
ISSN: 
1938-808X
DOI: 
10.1097/ACM.0b013e31826768d4
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 22914519

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Lynfa Stroud, Olga Oulanova, Nicolas Szecket and Shiphra Ginsburg. 2012-10. ""The benefits make up for whatever is lost": altruism and accountability in a new call system." Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges 87: 10: 1421-1427. 10.1097/ACM.0b013e31826768d4.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1097/ACM.0b013e31826768d4 | issn = 1938-808X | volume = 87 | pages = 1421-1427 | last = Stroud | first = Lynfa | coauthors = Oulanova, Olga, Szecket, Nicolas, Ginsburg, Shiphra | title = "The benefits make up for whatever is lost": altruism and accountability in a new call system | journal = Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges | date = 2012-10 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>