Effectiveness of complementary and self-help treatments for anxiety disorders
Language: 
English
Abstract: 

OBJECTIVES: To review the evidence for the effectiveness of complementary and self-help treatments for anxiety disorders. DATA SOURCES: Systematic literature search using PubMed, PsycLit, and the Cochrane Library. DATA SYNTHESIS: 108 treatments were identified and grouped under the categories of medicines and homoeopathic remedies, physical treatments, lifestyle, and dietary changes. We give a description of the 34 treatments (for which evidence was found in the literature searched), the rationale behind the treatments, a review of studies on effectiveness, and the level of evidence for the effectiveness studies. CONCLUSIONS: The treatments with the best evidence of effectiveness are kava (for generalised anxiety), exercise (for generalised anxiety), relaxation training (for generalised anxiety, panic disorder, dental phobia and test anxiety) and bibliotherapy (for specific phobias). There is more limited evidence to support the effectiveness of acupuncture, music, autogenic training and meditation for generalised anxiety; for inositol in the treatment of panic disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder; and for alcohol avoidance by people with alcohol-use disorders to reduce a range of anxiety disorders.

Author(s): 
Jorm, Anthony F.
Christensen, Helen
Griffiths, Kathleen M.
Parslow, Ruth A.
Rodgers, Bryan
Blewitt, Kelly A.
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
The Medical Journal of Australia
Journal Abbreviation: 
Med. J. Aust.
Publication Date: 
10/4/2004
Publication Year: 
2004
Pages: 
S29-46
Volume: 
181
Issue: 
7 Suppl
ISSN: 
0025-729X
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 15462640

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Anthony F. Jorm, Helen Christensen, Kathleen M. Griffiths, Ruth A. Parslow, Bryan Rodgers and Kelly A. Blewitt. 10/4/2004. "Effectiveness of complementary and self-help treatments for anxiety disorders." The Medical Journal of Australia 181: 7 Suppl: S29-46.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = | issn = 0025-729X | volume = 181 | pages = S29-46 | last = Jorm | first = Anthony F. | coauthors = Christensen, Helen, Griffiths, Kathleen M., Parslow, Ruth A., Rodgers, Bryan, Blewitt, Kelly A. | title = Effectiveness of complementary and self-help treatments for anxiety disorders | journal = The Medical Journal of Australia | date = 10/4/2004 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>