The effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction therapy on mental health of adults with a chronic medical disease: a meta-analysis
Language: 
English
Short Title: 
The effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction therapy on mental health of adults with a chronic medical disease
Abstract: 

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on depression, anxiety and psychological distress across populations with different chronic somatic diseases. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to examine the effects of MBSR on depression, anxiety, and psychological distress. The influence of quality of studies on the effects of MBSR was analyzed. RESULTS: Eight published, randomized controlled outcome studies were included. An overall effect size on depression of 0.26 was found, indicating a small effect of MBSR on depression. The effect size for anxiety was 0.47. However, quality of the studies was found to moderate this effect size. When the studies of lower quality were excluded, an effect size of 0.24 on anxiety was found. A small effect size (0.32) was also found for psychological distress. CONCLUSIONS: It can be concluded that MBSR has small effects on depression, anxiety and psychological distress in people with chronic somatic diseases. Integrating MBSR in behavioral therapy may enhance the efficacy of mindfulness based interventions.

Author(s): 
Bohlmeijer, Ernst
Prenger, Rilana
Taal, Erik
Cuijpers, Pim
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Journal Abbreviation: 
J Psychosom Res
Publication Date: 
2010-06
Publication Year: 
2010
Pages: 
539-544
Volume: 
68
Issue: 
6
ISSN: 
1879-1360
DOI: 
10.1016/j.jpsychores.2009.10.005
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 20488270

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Ernst Bohlmeijer, Rilana Prenger, Erik Taal and Pim Cuijpers. 2010-06. "The effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction therapy on mental health of adults with a chronic medical disease: a meta-analysis." Journal of Psychosomatic Research 68: 6: 539-544. 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2009.10.005.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2009.10.005 | issn = 1879-1360 | volume = 68 | pages = 539-544 | last = Bohlmeijer | first = Ernst | coauthors = Prenger, Rilana, Taal, Erik, Cuijpers, Pim | title = The effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction therapy on mental health of adults with a chronic medical disease: a meta-analysis | journal = Journal of Psychosomatic Research | date = 2010-06 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>