A home study-based spirituality education program decreases emotional distress and increases quality of life--a randomized, controlled trial
Language: 
English
Abstract: 

CONTEXT: Although epidemiological studies have reported protective effects of religion and spirituality on mental health, it is unknown whether spirituality can be used as an intervention to improve psychological well-being. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a home study-based spirituality program on mood disturbance in emotionally distressed patients. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A non-blinded, randomized, wait list-controlled trial of 165 individuals with mood disturbance [score of >40 on the Profile of Mood States (POMS)] were recruited from primary care clinics in a Canadian city between August 2000 and March 2001. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomized to a spirituality group (an 8-week audiotaped spirituality home-study program), a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction group (attendance at facilitated classes for 8 weeks), or a wait-list control group (no intervention for 12 weeks). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcomes were mood disturbance, measured using POMS, and quality of life, measured using the SF-36, a short-form health survey with 36 questions. The POMS and the SF-36 were completed at baseline, at 8 weeks, and at 12 weeks. RESULTS: At the end of the 8-week intervention period, the mean POMS score improvement was -43.1 (-45.7%) for the spirituality group, -22.6 (-26.3%) for the meditation group, and -10.3 (11.3%) for the control group (P<.001 for spirituality vs control group; P=.034 for spirituality vs meditation group). Mean improvement in the SF-36 mental component summary score was 14.4 (48.6%) for the spirituality group, 7.1 (22.3%) for the meditation group, and 4.7 (16.1%) for the control group (P<.001 for spirituality vs control group; P=.029 for spirituality vs meditation group). At 12 weeks, POMS and SF-36 scores remained significantly different from baseline for the spirituality group.

Author(s): 
Moritz, Sabine
Quan, Hude
Rickhi, Badri
Liu, Mingfu
Angen, Maureen
Vintila, Renata
Sawa, Russell
Soriano, Jeanette
Toews, John
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Journal Abbreviation: 
Altern Ther Health Med
Publication Date: 
2006-12
Publication Year: 
2006
Pages: 
26-35
Volume: 
12
Issue: 
6
ISSN: 
1078-6791
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 17131979

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Sabine Moritz, Hude Quan, Badri Rickhi, Mingfu Liu, Maureen Angen, Renata Vintila, Russell Sawa, Jeanette Soriano and John Toews. 2006-12. "A home study-based spirituality education program decreases emotional distress and increases quality of life--a randomized, controlled trial." Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine 12: 6: 26-35.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = | issn = 1078-6791 | volume = 12 | pages = 26-35 | last = Moritz | first = Sabine | coauthors = Quan, Hude, Rickhi, Badri, Liu, Mingfu, Angen, Maureen, Vintila, Renata, Sawa, Russell, Soriano, Jeanette, Toews, John | title = A home study-based spirituality education program decreases emotional distress and increases quality of life--a randomized, controlled trial | journal = Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine | date = 2006-12 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>