Meditative Movement Therapies and Health-Related Quality-of-Life in Adults: A Systematic Review of Meta-Analyses
Language: 
English
Short Title: 
Meditative Movement Therapies and Health-Related Quality-of-Life in Adults
Abstract: 

Poor health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) is a significant public health issue while the use of meditative movement therapies has been increasing. The purpose of this investigation was to carry out a systematic review of previous meta-analyses that examined the effects of meditative movement therapies (yoga, tai chi and qigong) on HRQOL in adults. Previous meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials published up through February, 2014 were included by searching nine electronic databases and cross-referencing. Dual-selection and data abstraction occurred. The Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews Instrument (AMSTAR) was used to assess methodological quality. Standardized mean differences that were pooled using random-effects models were included. In addition, 95% prediction intervals were calculated as well as the number needed-to-treat and percentile improvements. Of the 510 citations screened, 10 meta-analyses representing a median of 3 standardized mean differences in 82 to 528 participants (median = 270) with breast cancer, schizophrenia, low back pain, heart failure and diabetes, were included. Median methodological quality was 70%. Median length, frequency and duration of the meditative movement therapies were 12 weeks, 3 times per week, for 71 minutes per session. The majority of results (78.9%) favored statistically significant improvements (non-overlapping 95% confidence intervals) in HRQOL, with standardized mean differences ranging from 0.18 to 2.28. More than half of the results yielded statistically significant heterogeneity (Q ? 0.10) and large or very large inconsistency (I2 ? 50%). All 95% prediction intervals included zero. The number-needed-to-treat ranged from 2 to 10 while percentile improvements ranged from 9.9 to 48.9. The results of this study suggest that meditative movement therapies may improve HRQOL in adults with selected conditions. However, a need exists for a large, more inclusive meta-analysis (PROSPERO Registration #CRD42014014576).

Author(s): 
Kelley, George A.
Kelley, Kristi S.
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
PloS One
Journal Abbreviation: 
PLoS ONE
Publication Date: 
2015
Publication Year: 
2015
Pages: 
e0129181
Volume: 
10
Issue: 
6
ISSN: 
1932-6203
DOI: 
10.1371/journal.pone.0129181
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 26053053 PMCID: PMC4459806

Turabian/Chicago Citation

George A. Kelley and Kristi S. Kelley. 2015. "Meditative Movement Therapies and Health-Related Quality-of-Life in Adults: A Systematic Review of Meta-Analyses." PloS One 10: 6: e0129181. 10.1371/journal.pone.0129181.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1371/journal.pone.0129181 | issn = 1932-6203 | volume = 10 | pages = e0129181 | last = Kelley | first = George A. | coauthors = Kelley, Kristi S. | title = Meditative Movement Therapies and Health-Related Quality-of-Life in Adults: A Systematic Review of Meta-Analyses | journal = PloS One | date = 2015 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>