Physical activity in the treatment of Post-traumatic stress disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Language: 
English
Short Title: 
Physical activity in the treatment of Post-traumatic stress disorder
Abstract: 

People with PTSD experience high levels of cardiovascular disease and comorbid mental health problems. Physical activity (PA) is an effective intervention in the general population. We conducted the first systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the effect of PA on PTSD. We searched major electronic databases from inception till 03/2015 for RCTs of PA interventions among people with PTSD. A random effects meta-analysis calculating hedges g was conducted. From a potential of 812 hits, four unique RCTs met the inclusion criteria (n=200, mean age of participants 34-52 years). The methodological quality of included trials was satisfactory, and no major adverse events were reported. PA was significantly more effective compared to control conditions at decreasing PTSD and depressive symptoms among people with PTSD. There was insufficient data to investigate the effect on anthropometric or cardiometabolic outcomes. Results suggest that PA may be a useful adjunct to usual care to improve the health of people with PTSD. Although there is a relative paucity of data, there is reason to be optimistic for including PA as an intervention for people with PTSD, particularly given the overwhelming evidence of the benefits of PA in the general population. Robust effectiveness and implementation studies are required.

Author(s): 
Rosenbaum, Simon
Vancampfort, Davy
Steel, Zachary
Newby, Jill
Ward, Philip B.
Stubbs, Brendon
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Psychiatry Research
Journal Abbreviation: 
Psychiatry Res
Publication Date: 
12/15/2015
Publication Year: 
2015
Pages: 
130-136
Volume: 
230
Issue: 
2
ISSN: 
1872-7123
DOI: 
10.1016/j.psychres.2015.10.017
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 26500072

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Simon Rosenbaum, Davy Vancampfort, Zachary Steel, Jill Newby, Philip B. Ward and Brendon Stubbs. 12/15/2015. "Physical activity in the treatment of Post-traumatic stress disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis." Psychiatry Research 230: 2: 130-136. 10.1016/j.psychres.2015.10.017.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1016/j.psychres.2015.10.017 | issn = 1872-7123 | volume = 230 | pages = 130-136 | last = Rosenbaum | first = Simon | coauthors = Vancampfort, Davy, Steel, Zachary, Newby, Jill, Ward, Philip B., Stubbs, Brendon | title = Physical activity in the treatment of Post-traumatic stress disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis | journal = Psychiatry Research | date = 12/15/2015 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>