Reading a smiling face: messages conveyed by various forms of smiling
Language: 
English
Short Title: 
Reading a smiling face
Abstract: 

This study investigated the effect of various forms of smiling (closed smile, upper smile, or broad smile) on person perception. Brazilian undergraduates (N = 330) judged a photograph of a male or female stimulus person in three age ranges (young, middle-aged, and old) and smiling or not. 7-point scales were used to measure respondents' perception of the stimulus persons on various attributes (attractiveness, happiness, extroversion, sympathy, kindness, submission, ambition, and intelligence). We found that a smile enhanced attractiveness and kindness ratings independently of its form, whereas the influence of the various forms on ratings of happiness was additive. As the neutral face changed to a closed smile and the closed smile became a broad smile, target stimuli were attributed greater rated happiness. We also found a contribution of perceivers' gender to the judgements of extroversion and sympathy, indicating a slightly greater discrimination of facial expressions among women than among men.

Author(s): 
Otta, E.
Folladore Abrosio, F.
Hoshino, R. L.
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Perceptual and Motor Skills
Journal Abbreviation: 
Percept Mot Skills
Publication Date: 
1996-06
Publication Year: 
1996
Pages: 
1111-1121
Volume: 
82
Issue: 
3 Pt 2
ISSN: 
0031-5125
DOI: 
10.2466/pms.1996.82.3c.1111
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 8823879

Turabian/Chicago Citation

E. Otta, F. Folladore Abrosio and R. L. Hoshino. 1996-06. "Reading a smiling face: messages conveyed by various forms of smiling." Perceptual and Motor Skills 82: 3 Pt 2: 1111-1121. 10.2466/pms.1996.82.3c.1111.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.2466/pms.1996.82.3c.1111 | issn = 0031-5125 | volume = 82 | pages = 1111-1121 | last = Otta | first = E. | coauthors = Folladore Abrosio, F., Hoshino, R. L. | title = Reading a smiling face: messages conveyed by various forms of smiling | journal = Perceptual and Motor Skills | date = 1996-06 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>