The Safety of Yoga: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
Language: 
English
Short Title: 
The Safety of Yoga
Abstract: 

As yoga has gained popularity as a therapeutic intervention, its safety has been questioned in the lay press. Thus, this review aimed to systematically assess and meta-analyze the frequency of adverse events in randomized controlled trials of yoga. MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, and IndMED were screened through February 2014. Of 301 identified randomized controlled trials of yoga, 94 (1975-2014; total of 8,430 participants) reported on adverse events. Life-threatening, disabling adverse events or those requiring intensive treatment were defined as serious and all other events as nonserious. No differences in the frequency of intervention-related, nonserious, or serious adverse events and of dropouts due to adverse events were found when comparing yoga with usual care or exercise. Compared with psychological or educational interventions (e.g., health education), more intervention-related adverse events (odds ratio = 4.21, 95% confidence interval: 1.01, 17.67; P = 0.05) and more nonserious adverse events (odds ratio = 7.30, 95% confidence interval: 1.91, 27.92; P < 0.01) occurred in the yoga group; serious adverse events and dropouts due to adverse events were comparable between groups. Findings from this review indicate that yoga appears as safe as usual care and exercise. The adequate reporting of safety data in future randomized trials of yoga is crucial to conclusively judge its safety.

Author(s): 
Cramer, Holger
Ward, Lesley
Saper, Robert
Fishbein, Daniel
Dobos, Gustav
Lauche, Romy
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Epidemiology
Journal Abbreviation: 
Am. J. Epidemiol.
Publication Date: 
8/15/2015
Publication Year: 
2015
Pages: 
281-293
Volume: 
182
Issue: 
4
ISSN: 
1476-6256
DOI: 
10.1093/aje/kwv071
Library Catalog: 
PubMed
Extra: 
PMID: 26116216

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Holger Cramer, Lesley Ward, Robert Saper, Daniel Fishbein, Gustav Dobos and Romy Lauche. 8/15/2015. "The Safety of Yoga: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials." American Journal of Epidemiology 182: 4: 281-293. 10.1093/aje/kwv071.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1093/aje/kwv071 | issn = 1476-6256 | volume = 182 | pages = 281-293 | last = Cramer | first = Holger | coauthors = Ward, Lesley, Saper, Robert, Fishbein, Daniel, Dobos, Gustav, Lauche, Romy | title = The Safety of Yoga: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials | journal = American Journal of Epidemiology | date = 8/15/2015 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>