Silencing of a novel tumor metastasis suppressor gene LASS2/TMSG1 promotes invasion of prostate cancer cell in vitro through increase of vacuolar ATPase activity
Language: 
English
Abstract: 

Homo sapiens longevity assurance homologue 2 of yeast LAG1 (LASS2), also known as tumor metastasis suppressor gene 1 (TMSG1), is a newly found tumor metastasis suppressor gene in 1999. Preliminary studies showed that it not only suppressed tumor growth but also closely related to tumor metastasis, however, its molecular mechanisms is still unclear. There have been reported that protein encoded by LASS2/TMSG-1 could directly interact with the C subunit of Vacuolar ATPase (V-ATPase), which suggested that LASS2/TMSG1 might inhibit the invasion and metastasis through regulating the function of V-ATPase. Thus, in this study, we explored the effect of small interference RNA (siRNA) targeting LASS2/TMSG1 on the invasion of human prostate carcinoma cell line PC-3M-2B4 and its molecular mechanisms associated with the V-ATPase. Real-time fluorogentic quantitative PCR (RFQ-PCR) and Western blot revealed dramatic reduction of 84.5% and 60% in the levels of LASS2/TMSG1 mRNA and protein after transfection of siRNA in PC-3M-2B4 cells. The V-ATPase activity and extracellular hydrogen ion concentration were significantly increased in 2B4 cells transfected with the LASS2/TMSG1-siRNA compared with the controls. The activity of secreted MMP-2 was up-regulated in LASS2/TMSG1-siRNA treated cells compared with the controls; and the capacity for migration and invasion in LASS2/TMSG1-siRNA treated cells was significantly higher than the controls. Thus, we concluded that silencing of LASS2/TMSG1 may promote invasion of prostate cancer cell in vitro through increase of V-ATPase activity and extracellular hydrogen ion concentration and in turn the activation of secreted MMP-2.

Author(s): 
Xu, Xiaoyan
You, Jiangfeng
Pei, Fei
Item Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Title: 
Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Journal Abbreviation: 
J. Cell. Biochem.
Publication Date: 
2012-07
Publication Year: 
2012
Pages: 
2356-2363
Volume: 
113
Issue: 
7
ISSN: 
1097-4644
DOI: 
10.1002/jcb.24106
Library Catalog: 
NCBI Published Medical (?)
Extra: 
PMID: 22573553

Turabian/Chicago Citation

Xiaoyan Xu, Jiangfeng You and Fei Pei. 2012-07. "Silencing of a novel tumor metastasis suppressor gene LASS2/TMSG1 promotes invasion of prostate cancer cell in vitro through increase of vacuolar ATPase activity." Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 113: 7: 2356-2363. 10.1002/jcb.24106.

Wikipedia Citation

<ref> {{Cite journal | doi = 10.1002/jcb.24106 | issn = 1097-4644 | volume = 113 | pages = 2356-2363 | last = Xu | first = Xiaoyan | coauthors = You, Jiangfeng, Pei, Fei | title = Silencing of a novel tumor metastasis suppressor gene LASS2/TMSG1 promotes invasion of prostate cancer cell in vitro through increase of vacuolar ATPase activity | journal = Journal of Cellular Biochemistry | date = 2012-07 | pmid = | pmc = }} </ref>