Affect

Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

This article reviews the evidence for the use of hypnosis in the treatment of posttraumatic conditions including posttraumatic stress disorder and acute stress disorder. The review focuses on empirically supported principles and practices and suggests that hypnosis can be a useful adjunctive procedure in the treatment of posttraumatic conditions. Cognitive-behavioral and exposure-based interventions, which have the greatest empirical support, are highlighted, and an illustrative case study is presented.

Author(s): 
Lynn, Steven Jay
Cardeña, Etzel
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: In a review and meta-analysis conducted in 1993, psychological preparation was found to be beneficial for a range of outcome variables including pain, behavioural recovery, length of stay and negative affect. Since this review, more detailed bibliographic searching has become possible, additional studies testing psychological preparation for surgery have been completed and hospital procedures have changed.

Author(s): 
Powell, Rachael
Scott, Neil W.
Manyande, Anne
Bruce, Julie
Vögele, Claus
Byrne-Davis, Lucie M. T.
Unsworth, Mary
Osmer, Christian
Johnston, Marie
Publication Title: 
BMC musculoskeletal disorders

BACKGROUND: Recent systematic reviews on psychological therapies of fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) did not consider hypnosis/guided imagery (H/GI). Therefore we performed a systematic review with meta-analysis of the efficacy of H/GI in FMS. METHODS: We screened http://ClinicalTrials.gov, Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, PsycINFO and SCOPUS (through December 2010). (Quasi-) randomized controlled trials (CTs) comparing H/GI with controls were analyzed. Outcomes were pain, sleep, fatigue, depressed mood and health-related quality of life (HRQOL).

Author(s): 
Bernardy, Kathrin
Füber, Nicole
Klose, Petra
Häuser, Winfried
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

Cognitive hypnotherapy (CH) is a comprehensive evidence-based hypnotherapy for clinical depression. This article describes the major components of CH, which integrate hypnosis with cognitive-behavior therapy as the latter provides an effective host theory for the assimilation of empirically supported treatment techniques derived from various theoretical models of psychotherapy and psychopathology. CH meets criteria for an assimilative model of psychotherapy, which is considered to be an efficacious model of psychotherapy integration.

Author(s): 
Alladin, Assen
Publication Title: 
Cancer Medicine

Men with prostate cancer are likely to have a long illness and experience psychological distress for which supportive care may be helpful. This systematic review describes the evidence for effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of supportive care for men with prostate cancer, taking into account treatment pathway and components of interventions. MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, CENTRAL, and Psychinfo were searched from inception--July 2013 for randomized controlled trials and controlled trials. Two authors independently assessed risk of bias and extracted data.

Author(s): 
Moore, Theresa Helen Mazzarello
King, Anna Jyoti Louise
Evans, Maggie
Sharp, Debbie
Persad, Raj
Huntley, Alyson Louise
Publication Title: 
Nutrition Research (New York, N.Y.)

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a group behavior change intervention involving self-selected, contextualized, and mediated goal setting on anthropometric, affective, and dietary markers of health. It was hypothesized that the intervention would elicit changes consistent with accepted health recommendations for obese individuals. A rolling program of 12-week "Small Changes" interventions during 24 months recruited 71 participants; each program accommodated 10 to 13 adults (body mass index [BMI] ? 30 kg/m≤). Fifty-eight participants completed Small Changes.

Author(s): 
Paxman, Jenny R.
Hall, Anna C.
Harden, Charlotte J.
O'Keeffe, Jean
Simper, Trevor N.
Publication Title: 
Psychoneuroendocrinology

Chronic psychological stress appears to accelerate biological aging, and oxidative damage is an important potential mediator of this process. However, the mechanisms by which psychological stress promotes oxidative damage are poorly understood. This study investigates the theory that cortisol increases in response to an acutely stressful event have the potential to either enhance or undermine psychobiological resilience to oxidative damage, depending on the body's prior exposure to chronic psychological stress.

Author(s): 
Aschbacher, Kirstin
O'Donovan, Aoife
Wolkowitz, Owen M.
Dhabhar, Firdaus S.
Su, Yali
Epel, Elissa
Publication Title: 
Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

Cognitive and affective responses to acute stress influence pro-inflammatory cytokine reactivity, and peripheral cytokines (particularly interleukin-1 beta (IL-1?)), can act on the brain to promote depressive symptoms. It is unknown whether acute stress-induced changes in positive affect and cognitions (POS) and pro-inflammatory reactivity predict future depressive symptoms. We examined acute stress responses among women, to determine prospective predictors of depressive symptoms.

Author(s): 
Aschbacher, K.
Epel, E.
Wolkowitz, O. M.
Prather, A. A.
Puterman, E.
Dhabhar, F. S.
Publication Title: 
Biological Psychiatry

BACKGROUND: Sex differences in stress responses may be one mechanism underlying gender differences in depression. We hypothesized that men and women would show different adrenocortical responses to different stressors. In particular, we predicted that women would show greater responses to social rejection stressors, whereas men would demonstrate greater responses to achievement stressors.

Author(s): 
Stroud, Laura R.
Salovey, Peter
Epel, Elissa S.
Publication Title: 
Psychosomatic Medicine

OBJECTIVE: Retrospective assessments of negative mood have predicted coronary artery disease development and progression. Using momentary assessment, we evaluated associations between average positive and negative mood states and diurnal mood patterns, with prevalent and incident coronary artery calcification (CAC), a measure of calcified atherosclerosis.

Author(s): 
Kroenke, Candyce H.
Seeman, Teresa
Matthews, Karen
Adler, Nancy
Epel, Elissa

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