Analgesics

Publication Title: 
The Laryngoscope

OBJECTIVES: Acupuncture has been shown to reduce pain, nausea, and vomiting. However, its use alongside surgical interventions remains a novel practice, despite the increasing applications of alternative medicine. The goal of this meta-analysis was to perform a systematic review of the literature addressing the effect of acupuncture on postoperative pain, nausea, and vomiting following tonsillectomy. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, SCOPUS, and Cochrane database. METHODS: Two authors independently searched the databases from the inception of article collection until June 2015.

Author(s): 
Cho, Hye Kyung
Park, In Joon
Jeong, Yeon Min
Lee, Yeon Ji
Hwang, Se Hwan
Publication Title: 
Journal of Trauma Nursing: The Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses

Challenges with opioids (e.g., adverse events, misuse and abuse with long-term administration) have led to a renewed emphasis on opioid-sparing multimodal management of trauma pain. To assess the extent to which currently available evidence supports the efficacy and safety of various nonopioid analgesics and techniques to manage trauma pain, a literature search of recently published references was performed. Additional citations were included on the basis of authors' knowledge of the literature.

Author(s): 
Sullivan, Denise
Lyons, Mary
Montgomery, Robert
Quinlan-Colwell, Ann
Publication Title: 
Cancer Nursing

BACKGROUND: Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is an established treatment in managing liver primary neoplasms or liver metastases. Postembolization syndrome (PES) is a common adverse event defined as fever without associated sepsis, pain in the right upper quadrant, and nausea and/or vomiting. OBJECTIVE: This integrative review aims to identify effective management strategies for PES or one of its characterizing symptoms (fever, pain, and nausea and/or vomiting). METHODS: Searches of electronic databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL were conducted.

Author(s): 
Blackburn, Helen
West, Sandra
Publication Title: 
Pain Medicine (Malden, Mass.)

OBJECTIVE: To present an algorithm of sequential treatment options for managing myofascial pain (MP) in older adults, along with a representative clinical case. METHODS: A modified Delphi process was used to synthesize evidence-based recommendations. A multidisciplinary expert panel developed the algorithm, which was subsequently refined through an iterative process of input from a primary care physician panel. RESULTS: We present an algorithm and supportive materials to help guide the care of older adults with MP, an important contributor to chronic low back pain (CLBP).

Author(s): 
Lisi, Anthony J.
Breuer, Paula
Gallagher, Rollin M.
Rodriguez, Eric
Rossi, Michelle I.
Schmader, Kenneth
Scholten, Joel D.
Weiner, Debra K.
Publication Title: 
Muscle & Nerve

The objective of this report was to develop a scientifically sound and clinically relevant evidence-based guideline for the treatment of painful diabetic neuropathy (PDN).

Author(s): 
Bril, Vera
England, John D.
Franklin, Gary M.
Backonja, Miroslav
Cohen, Jeffrey A.
Del Toro, David R.
Feldman, Eva L.
Iverson, Donald J.
Perkins, Bruce
Russell, James W.
Zochodne, Douglas W.
American Academy of Neurology
American Asociation of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine
American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Experimental Biology

The petroleum ether (PE), chloroform (CH), ethanol (ETH) and water extracts of Terminalia bellerica and T. chebula fruits were evaluated for their analgesic activity using the tail immersion model in mice. The ethanolic extracts of both the plants exhibited analgesic response at 200,400 and 800mg/kg. The studies were further carried for 15 days to evaluate the effect of these extracts in chronic pain and maximum analgesic response was observed on 14th day in both the plants. Phytochemical investigation of ethanolic extract of the fruits of Terminalia bellerica and T.

Author(s): 
Kaur, Sarabjit
Jaggi, R. K.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet Thangphaet

BACKGROUND: Tri-sa-maw recipe is composed of equal proportions of the three fruits including Terminalia chebula Retz., Terminalia sp. and Terminalia bellirica Roxb. In Southeast Asia, these fruits are used as both food and medicine. In Thai traditional medicine, Tri-sa-maw recipe is well known for treating fever, expectorant, periodic maintenance, and tight stomach relief OBJECTIVE: To study anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic activities of Tri-sa-maw recipe in experimental animals.

Author(s): 
Nanna, Urarat
Jaijoy, Kanjana
Soonthornchareonnon, Noppamas
Sireeratawong, Seewaboon
Publication Title: 
Journal of Nursing Management

Although effective pain treatment is available for both cancer-related pain and acute post-operative pain, many patients suffer unnecessarily. The aim of this study was to evaluate post-operative patients' pain management. A descriptive survey study was conducted in a 460-bed acute hospital in the southwestern part of Sweden. One hundred post-operative inpatients, on their second post-operative day, took part in the study. They were consecutively selected from six surgical wards.

Author(s): 
Bostrˆm, B. M.
Ramberg, T.
Davis, B. D.
Fridlund, B.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Nursing Management

Although effective pain treatment is available for both cancer-related pain and acute post-operative pain, many patients suffer unnecessarily. The aim of this study was to evaluate post-operative patients' pain management. A descriptive survey study was conducted in a 460-bed acute hospital in the southwestern part of Sweden. One hundred post-operative inpatients, on their second post-operative day, took part in the study. They were consecutively selected from six surgical wards.

Author(s): 
Bostrˆm, B. M.
Ramberg, T.
Davis, B. D.
Fridlund, B.
Publication Title: 
Current Pain and Headache Reports

Perspectives of patients with fibromyalgia influence their likelihood of participating in randomized placebo-controlled trials and potentially clash with current, well-established methodology of randomized controlled trial design. Mandates to use only acetaminophen for breakthrough pain and that require discontinuation of concomitant medications, especially in studies lacking an active comparator arm, could bias a trial cohort to thereby reduce the generalizability of study findings and conclusions.

Author(s): 
Holman, Andrew J.
Neradilek, Moni Blazej
Dryland, David D.
Neiman, Richard A.
Brown, Paul B.
Ettlinger, Robert E.

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