Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena

Publication Title: 
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition

A study was conducted to evaluate some plant parts (already tested for their antimethanogenic activity in in vitro gas production test in the authors' laboratory) as feed additive to combat methane emission from sheep. Sixteen male sheep with average body weight of 29.96±1.69 kg (22 months of age) were divided into four groups in a randomized block design. The animals were fed on a diet containing forage to concentrate ratio of 1:1. The concentrate fraction composed (in parts) of maize grain, 32; wheat bran, 45; deoiled soybean meal, 20; mineral mixture, 2 and common salt, 1.

Author(s): 
Patra, A. K.
Kamra, D. N.
Bhar, R.
Kumar, R.
Agarwal, N.
Publication Title: 
Mechanisms of Ageing and Development

It is widely held that caloric restriction (CR) extends lifespan by preventing or reducing the age-related accumulation of irreversible molecular damage. In contrast, our results suggest that CR can act rapidly to begin life and health span extension, and that its rapid genomic effects are closely linked to its health effects. We found that CR begins to extend lifespan and reduce cancer as a cause of death within 8 weeks in older mice, apparently by reducing the rate of tumor growth.

Author(s): 
Spindler, Stephen R.
Publication Title: 
Psychiatric Research Reports
Author(s): 
Shock, N. W.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Author(s): 
Roeder, L. M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Author(s): 
Visek, W. J.
Publication Title: 
Tijdschrift Voor Diergeneeskunde

Information on daily nutrient requirements is more complete for farm animals than for horses, pets and man. Very little is known, particularly in man, horses and pets of the relationship between nutrition and longevity. Therefore, a slightly higher intake of essential nutrients would appear to be preferable, the more so as the body can readily remove any surpluses. This also holds true for man and animals in suboptimum living conditions.

Author(s): 
van Es, A. J.
Publication Title: 
Voprosy Pitaniia
Author(s): 
Grigorov, Iu G.
Kozlovskaia, S. G.
Publication Title: 
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The primary purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of 10, 25, and 40% dietary restriction (DR) on non-neoplastic diseases in rodents at 58 and 110 weeks of age, and to determine whether low-level DR (10 and 25%) can increase the survival rate and decrease variability in chronic bioassay studies.

Author(s): 
Duffy, Peter H.
Lewis, Sherry M.
Mayhugh, Martha A.
Trotter, Ronald W.
Thorn, Brett T.
Feuers, Ritchie J.
Turturro, Angelo
Publication Title: 
Mechanisms of Ageing and Development

It is widely held that caloric restriction (CR) extends lifespan by preventing or reducing the age-related accumulation of irreversible molecular damage. In contrast, our results suggest that CR can act rapidly to begin life and health span extension, and that its rapid genomic effects are closely linked to its health effects. We found that CR begins to extend lifespan and reduce cancer as a cause of death within 8 weeks in older mice, apparently by reducing the rate of tumor growth.

Author(s): 
Spindler, Stephen R.
Publication Title: 
Annual Review of Nutrition

Nutrigenomics refers to the complex effects of the nutritional environment on the genome, epigenome, and proteome of an organism. The diverse tissue- and organ-specific effects of diet include gene expression patterns, organization of the chromatin, and protein post-translational modifications. Long-term effects of diet range from obesity and associated diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease to increased or decreased longevity.

Author(s): 
Ruden, Douglas M.
De Luca, Maria
Garfinkel, Mark D.
Bynum, Kerry L.
Lu, Xiangyi

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