Awareness

Publication Title: 
Consciousness and Cognition

Mindfulness is theorised to improve attention regulation and other cognitive processes. This systematic review examines whether 8-week standardised and manualised mindfulness training programs such as Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) and Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) enhances attention, memory and executive function abilities measured by objective neuropsychological tests. Seven databases were searched resulting in 18 studies meeting inclusion criteria for review. Overall studies did not support attention or executive function improvements.

Author(s): 
Lao, So-An
Kissane, David
Meadows, Graham
Publication Title: 
Journal of Psychosomatic Research

OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study is to estimate the economic consequences of somatization disorder and functional somatic syndromes such as fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome, defined as bodily distress syndrome (BDS), when mindfulness therapy is compared with enhanced treatment as usual. METHODS: A total of 119 BDS patients were randomized to mindfulness therapy or enhanced treatment as usual and compared with 5950 matched controls. Register data were analyzed from 10years before their inclusion to 15-month follow-up.

Author(s): 
Fjorback, Lone Overby
Carstensen, Tina
Arendt, Mikkel
Ornbøl, Eva
Walach, Harald
Rehfeld, Emma
Fink, Per
Publication Title: 
Clinical Psychology Review

BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) is a group-based clinical intervention program designed to reduce relapse or recurrence of major depressive disorder (MDD) by means of systematic training in mindfulness meditation combined with cognitive-behavioral methods. OBJECTIVE: By means of a meta-analysis to evaluate the effect of MBCT for prevention of relapse or recurrence among patients with recurrent MDD in remission. METHOD: Electronic databases were searched and researchers were contacted for further relevant studies. Studies were coded for quality.

Author(s): 
Piet, Jacob
Hougaard, Esben
Publication Title: 
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Mindfulness meditation represents a mental training framework for cultivating the state of mindful awareness in daily life. Recently, there has been a surge of interest in how mindfulness meditation improves human health and well-being. Although studies have shown that mindfulness meditation can improve self-reported measures of disease symptomatology, the effect that mindfulness meditation has on biological mechanisms underlying human aging and disease is less clear.

Author(s): 
Black, David S.
Slavich, George M.
Publication Title: 
Danish Medical Journal

We have created a mindfulness approach to treat patients who experience multiple, persistent, and disabling physical symptoms that cannot be explained by a well-defined medical or surgical condition. Randomized controlled trials in this area are few, and research is hampered by the lack of clear definitions. Bodily distress syndrome (BDS) or bodily stress is an empirically defined definition unifying various conditions such as fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, and somatization disorder.

Author(s): 
Fjorback, Lone Overby
Publication Title: 
Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society

PURPOSE: The aim of the present work was to evaluate the availability of acupuncture in UK hospices and specialist palliative care services and to identify any barriers to the use of acupuncture in these settings, to determine the characteristics of available acupuncture services and of practitioners providing acupuncture, and to determine awareness of the evidence base for the use of acupuncture in palliative care. METHODS: An online questionnaire with an invitation to participate was circulated by email to 263 hospices and specialist palliative care services in the UK.

Author(s): 
Leng, Graham
Publication Title: 
Consciousness and Cognition

The continual background awareness of duration is an essential structure of consciousness, conferring temporal extension to the many objects of awareness within the evanescent sensory present. Seeking the possible neural correlates of ubiquitous temporal awareness, this article reexamines fMRI data from off-task "default mode" (DM) periods in 25 healthy subjects studied by Grady et al. ("Age-related Changes in Brain Activity across the Adult Lifespan,"Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 18(2), 2005).

Author(s): 
Lloyd, Dan
Publication Title: 
Sexually Transmitted Infections

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the psychosocial impact of lipodystrophy on the lifestyles of HIV positive patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with 14 HIV positive patients on HAART at an outpatient sexually transmitted infections (STI) and HIV clinic in central London. Qualitative data from interview transcripts were analysed using grounded theory to elicit key categories and subcategories.

Author(s): 
Power, R.
Tate, H. L.
McGill, S. M.
Taylor, C.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved

The objective of this program was to increase mammography screening rates among Hispanic women through a series of targeted community-wide interventions. A diverse array of outreach efforts was offered by the program to increase awareness and use of screening mammography. Before the program, 12 percent of the Hispanic women surveyed in the intervention community had been screened, compared with 27 percent after the program. There was no change in screening among Hispanic women in the control community (23 percent before and 24 percent after the program).

Author(s): 
Fox, S. A.
Stein, J. A.
Gonzalez, R. E.
Farrenkopf, M.
Dellinger, A.
Publication Title: 
Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin

From the perspective of the terror management health model (TMHM), expectancies as to whether a health behavior is likely to effectively protect one's health (i.e., response efficacy) and whether an individual is optimistic about the outcomes of his or her health risk assessment (i.e., health optimism) should have a more potent influence on health decisions when thoughts of death are conscious and the health risk domain is potentially fatal.

Author(s): 
Cooper, Douglas P.
Goldenberg, Jamie L.
Arndt, Jamie

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