Braces

Publication Title: 
Annals of Internal Medicine

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, affecting millions of people in the United States. It is a complex disease whose etiology bridges biomechanics and biochemistry. Evidence is growing for the role of systemic factors, such as genetics, diet, estrogen use, and bone density, and local biomechanical factors, such as muscle weakness, obesity, and joint laxity. These risk factors are particularly important in the weight-bearing joints, and modifying them may help prevent osteoarthritis-related pain and disability.

Author(s): 
Felson, D. T.
Lawrence, R. C.
Hochberg, M. C.
McAlindon, T.
Dieppe, P. A.
Minor, M. A.
Blair, S. N.
Berman, B. M.
Fries, J. F.
Weinberger, M.
Lorig, K. R.
Jacobs, J. J.
Goldberg, V.
Publication Title: 
Spine

STUDY DESIGN: Best evidence synthesis. OBJECTIVE: To identify, critically appraise, and synthesize literature from 1980 through 2006 on noninvasive interventions for neck pain and its associated disorders. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: No comprehensive systematic literature reviews have been published on interventions for neck pain and its associated disorders in the past decade.

Author(s): 
Hurwitz, Eric L.
Carragee, Eugene J.
van der Velde, Gabrielle
Carroll, Linda J.
Nordin, Margareta
Guzman, Jaime
Peloso, Paul M.
Holm, Lena W.
Côté, Pierre
Hogg-Johnson, Sheilah
Cassidy, J. David
Haldeman, Scott
Bone and Joint Decade 2000-2010 Task Force on Neck Pain and Its Associated Disorders
Publication Title: 
American Family Physician

Knee osteoarthritis is a common disabling condition that affects more than one-third of persons older than 65 years. Exercise, weight loss, physical therapy, intra-articular corticosteroid injections, and the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and braces or heel wedges decrease pain and improve function. Acetaminophen, glucosamine, ginger, S-adenosylmethionine (SAM-e), capsaicin cream, topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, acupuncture, and tai chi may offer some benefit. Tramadol has a poor trade-off between risks and benefits and is not routinely recommended.

Author(s): 
Ringdahl, Erika
Pandit, Sandesh
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: More than two-thirds of pregnant women experience low-back pain (LBP) and almost one-fifth experience pelvic pain. Pain increases with advancing pregnancy and interferes with work, daily activities and sleep. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of interventions for preventing and treating pelvic and back pain in pregnancy.

Author(s): 
Pennick, Victoria
Liddle, Sarah D.
Publication Title: 
British Journal of Sports Medicine

BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains are highly prevalent with high risk of recurrence. Consequently, there are a significant number of research reports examining strategies for treating and preventing acute and recurrent sprains (otherwise known as chronic ankle instability (CAI)), with a coinciding proliferation of review articles summarising these reports. OBJECTIVE: To provide a systematic overview of the systematic reviews evaluating treatment strategies for acute ankle sprain and CAI. DESIGN: Overview of intervention systematic reviews. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with acute ankle sprain/CAI.

Author(s): 
Doherty, Cailbhe
Bleakley, Chris
Delahunt, Eamonn
Holden, Sinead
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: More than two-thirds of pregnant women experience low-back pain and almost one-fifth experience pelvic pain. The two conditions may occur separately or together (low-back and pelvic pain) and typically increase with advancing pregnancy, interfering with work, daily activities and sleep. OBJECTIVES: To update the evidence assessing the effects of any intervention used to prevent and treat low-back pain, pelvic pain or both during pregnancy.

Author(s): 
Liddle, Sarah D.
Pennick, Victoria
Publication Title: 
Osteoarthritis and Cartilage

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this narrative review was to highlight recent research in the rehabilitation of people with osteoarthritis (OA) by summarizing findings from selected key systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: A systematic search was conducted using the PubMed, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) and Cochrane databases from April 1st 2014 to March 31st 2015. A selection of these is discussed based on study quality, relevance, contribution to new knowledge or controversial findings.

Author(s): 
Bennell, K. L.
Hall, M.
Hinman, R. S.
Publication Title: 
Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja

Scoliosis is a deformity of the spine known since Hippocrates times. The value of certain methods of conservative treatment remains controversial. Some of them have only a psychological value both for the physician and his or her caregivers.

Author(s): 
Zarzycka, Maja
Rozek, Karina
Zarzycki, Micha?
Publication Title: 
Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja

Scoliosis is a deformity of the spine known since Hippocrates times. The value of certain methods of conservative treatment remains controversial. Some of them have only a psychological value both for the physician and his or her caregivers.

Author(s): 
Zarzycka, Maja
Rozek, Karina
Zarzycki, Michał
Publication Title: 
Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja

Scoliosis is a deformity of the spine known since Hippocrates times. The value of certain methods of conservative treatment remains controversial. Some of them have only a psychological value both for the physician and his or her caregivers.

Author(s): 
Zarzycka, Maja
Rozek, Karina
Zarzycki, Michał

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