Brain

Publication Title: 
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry

Jean-Martin Charcot proposed the radical hypothesis that similar brain processes were responsible for the unexplained neurological symptoms of 'hysteria', now typically diagnosed as 'conversion disorder' or 'dissociative (conversion) disorder', and the temporary effects of hypnosis.

Author(s): 
Bell, Vaughan
Oakley, David A.
Halligan, Peter W.
Deeley, Quinton
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

BACKGROUND: Like other forms of medicine, including Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM), homeopathy elicits expectations in patients. The physician-patient relationship, personal and comprehensive treatment and lack of adverse effects are elements in creating positive expectations. Other elements may be associated with negative expectations. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature review on placebo and nocebo effects in acupuncture and homeopathy using Medline.

Author(s): 
Teixeira, Marcus Z.
Guedes, Cristina H. F. F.
Barreto, Patrícia V.
Martins, Mílton A.
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: Scientific interest in acupuncture has led numerous investigators to conduct clinical trials to test the efficacy of acupuncture for various conditions, but the mechanisms underlying acupuncture are poorly understood. METHODS: The author conducted a PubMed search to obtain a fair sample of acupuncture clinical trials published in English in 2005. Each article was reviewed for a physiologic rationale, as well as study objectives and outcomes, experimental and control interventions, country of origin, funding sources and journal type.

Author(s): 
Moffet, Howard H.
Publication Title: 
Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society

One fundamental question that is still not resolved is whether acupuncture needles must be inserted in specific points to have their greatest effects. In the majority of large RCTs recently conducted in Germany, acupuncture was significantly more effective than doing nothing but not than sham acupuncture. Only for one study of chronic knee pain was acupuncture superior to sham. Brain imaging with functional magnetic resonance (fMRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) may be helpful but is still in its early stages.

Author(s): 
Campbell, Anthony
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

Acupuncture is an ancient East Asian healing modality that has been in use for more than 2000 years. Unfortunately, its mechanisms of action are not well understood, and controversy regarding its clinical efficacy remains. Importantly, acupuncture needling often evokes complex somatosensory sensations and may modulate the cognitive/affective perception of pain, suggesting that many effects are supported by the brain and extending central nervous system (CNS) networks.

Author(s): 
Dhond, Rupali P.
Kettner, Norman
Napadow, Vitaly
Publication Title: 
Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society

One fundamental question that is still not resolved is whether acupuncture needles must be inserted in specific points to have their greatest effects. In the majority of large RCTs recently conducted in Germany, acupuncture was significantly more effective than doing nothing but not than sham acupuncture. Only for one study of chronic knee pain was acupuncture superior to sham. Brain imaging with functional magnetic resonance (fMRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) may be helpful but is still in its early stages.

Author(s): 
Campbell, Anthony
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

BACKGROUND: Like other forms of medicine, including Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM), homeopathy elicits expectations in patients. The physician-patient relationship, personal and comprehensive treatment and lack of adverse effects are elements in creating positive expectations. Other elements may be associated with negative expectations. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature review on placebo and nocebo effects in acupuncture and homeopathy using Medline.

Author(s): 
Teixeira, Marcus Z.
Guedes, Cristina H. F. F.
Barreto, Patrícia V.
Martins, Mílton A.
Publication Title: 
Neural Regeneration Research

OBJECTIVE: To identify global research trends in three therapies for children with cerebral palsy. DATA RETRIEVAL: We performed a bibliometric analysis of studies on therapies for children with cerebral palsy from 2002 to 2011 retrieved from Web of Science.

Author(s): 
Mu, Yaping
Li, Na
Guan, Lijun
Wang, Chunnan
Shang, Shuyun
Wang, Yan
Publication Title: 
Trauma, Violence & Abuse

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) widely occurs among victims or witness of disasters. With flashbacks, hyperarousal, and avoidance being the typical symptoms, PTSD became a focus of psychological research. The earthquake in Wenchuan, China, on May 12, 2008, was without precedent in magnitude and aftermath and caused huge damage, which drew scientists' attention to mental health of the survivors.

Author(s): 
Hong, Chunlan
Efferth, Thomas
Publication Title: 
Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society

BACKGROUND: Spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) is the most devastating subtype of stroke, but there is currently no evidence-based treatment strategy. Acupuncture is a well-known traditional Chinese therapy for stroke-induced disability, and GV20 is the commonly used acupuncture point. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of GV20-based acupuncture in animal models of acute ICH. METHODS: Studies of GV20-based acupuncture in animal models of acute ICH were identified from six databases up to July 2013.

Author(s): 
Li, Hui-Qin
Li, Ji-Huang
Liu, Ai-Ju
Ye, Mai-yun
Zheng, Guo-Qing

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