Brazil

Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Nursing

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the impact of a standardized protocol to maintain nasoenteral tube (NET) patency in patients requiring fluid restriction and identify factors associated with tube patency. BACKGROUND: Nasoenteral tube obstruction may interrupt nutritional support and prohibit drug administration. Balancing NET patency in the context of fluid restriction can be a challenge. DESIGN AND METHODS: The impact of the standardized protocol was assessed by using a quasi-experimental design and an historical control.

Author(s): 
Matsuba, Claudia St
De Gutiérrez, Maria Gr
Whitaker, Iveth Y.
Publication Title: 
Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Complementary and alternative medicines have been increasingly used as a co adjuvant treatment of chronic diseases, including diabetes mellitus. However, very little is known, especially in western countries, about its effects in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The purpose of this review was to summarize and critically evaluate clinical evidences regarding the effect of Chinese therapeutic exercises (Qigong) in the treatment of T2DM.

Author(s): 
Freire, Marcos Dantas Moraes
Alves, Cresio
Publication Title: 
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Okinawans, who have a different ethnicity and food cultural history to other Japanese nationals, and an exceptional longevity have been studied at home and as migrant groups in Hawaii and Brazil. Biomarkers for fish and soy intake and intervention studies indicate that these foods, along with seaweed and green vegetables are candidates for chronic non-communicable disease prevention.

Author(s): 
Yamori, Y.
Miura, A.
Taira, K.
Publication Title: 
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Okinawans, who have a different ethnicity and food cultural history to other Japanese nationals, and an exceptional longevity have been studied at home and as migrant groups in Hawaii and Brazil. Biomarkers for fish and soy intake and intervention studies indicate that these foods, along with seaweed and green vegetables are candidates for chronic non-communicable disease prevention.

Author(s): 
Yamori, Y.
Miura, A.
Taira, K.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Affective Disorders

Some patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) exhibit an unsatisfactory reduction in symptom severity despite being treated with all the available therapeutic alternatives. The clinical variables associated with treatment-refractoriness in OCD are inconsistently described in the literature. METHODS: To investigate factors associated with treatment-refractoriness of patients with OCD, we conducted a case-control study, comparing 23 patients with treatment-refractory OCD to 26 patients with treatment-responding OCD.

Author(s): 
Ferr„o, Ygor A.
Shavitt, Roseli G.
Bedin, N·dia R.
de Mathis, Maria EugÍnia
Carlos Lopes, AntÙnio
Fontenelle, Leonardo F.
Torres, Albina R.
Miguel, EurÌpedes C.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines

BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that impaired foetal growth may provide an early indication of increased risk of child attention problems. However, despite both foetal growth and child attention problems differing by sex, few studies have examined sex differences in this association. Furthermore, no studies have been conducted in low- and middle-income countries, where there are higher rates of perinatal problems.

Author(s): 
Murray, Elizabeth
Matijasevich, Alicia
Santos, In· S.
Barros, AluÌsio J. D.
Anselmi, Luciana
Barros, Fernando C.
Stein, Alan
Publication Title: 
Conscience (Washington, D.C.)
Author(s): 
Rosado Nunes, M. J.
Publication Title: 
International Family Planning Perspectives

CONTEXT: Since 1990, HIV infection in Brazil has spread among the heterosexual population, particularly in the north. Containment of the epidemic can be informed by a better understanding of men's sexual risk behavior. METHODS: Logistic, Poisson and multilevel logit models were applied to data on married and cohabiting men who had participated in the 1996 Brazilian Demographic and Health Survey. RESULTS: Twelve percent of married or cohabiting men reported having had at least one extramarital partner in the previous 12 months; half of these had had two or more.

Author(s): 
Hill, Zelee E.
Cleland, John
Ali, Mohamed M.
Publication Title: 
Health Care for Women International

The purpose of this study was to describe the experiences of a group of Catholic women related to the orientations received from priests and parents and their influence on sexual attitudes. The oral history method was used to interview 17 Catholic women. Three categories summarize women's experiences: orientations about sexuality received from priests; lack of orientation or existence of open dialogue about sexuality: distinct experiences in the family context; adherence or repudiation; and distinct attitudes toward orientations received.

Author(s): 
Hoga, Luiza Akiko Komura
Tib˙rcio, Cristiane Alves
Borges, Ana Luiza Vilela
Reberte, Luciana Magnoni
Publication Title: 
Revista Latino-Americana De Enfermagem

Considering and respecting religious beliefs and values is vital for delivering integral health care. This study describes the religious principles and guidance provided by Catholic priests on sexuality and reproduction. The oral history method was used. Interviews were carried out between August 2007 and May 2008 and were analyzed in an inductive and interpretive manner to acquire a deep focus on the theme. Thirteen Catholic priests from the city of S„o Paulo, SP, Brazil were interviewed.

Author(s): 
Hoga, Luiza Akiko Komura
Tiburcio, Cristiane Alves
Borges, Ana Luiza Vilela
Zoboli, Elma Lourdes Campos Pavone
Chavez-Alvarez, Rocio Elizabeth

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