Brazil

Publication Title: 
Revista Latino-Americana De Enfermagem

This article discusses hemodialysis experiences in terms of meanings women attribute to several associated phenomena. Renal insufficiency may present a progressive reduction in renal function, in which the kidneys are affected and become unable to remove metabolic material from the blood. Living with hemodialysis is associated to important psychosocial adaptation mechanisms. This clinical-qualitative study was performed in two general hospitals' nephrology service.

Author(s): 
de Carvalho Pinto Nazario, Roberta
Turato, Egberto Ribeiro
Publication Title: 
Revista Gaucha De Enfermagem

A descriptive exploratory study with qualitative approach was carried out in the Municipal Maternity of Londrina, Paran·, Brazil, with the aim of assessing the knowledge of parents as to the rights of the partner during labor and delivery, and to find out about his experience during the birth of his child. Forty young fathers experiencing the birth of their first child were interviewed from June 15th to June 22nd, 2006. It was verified that they were unaware of their right to be present during these events, attributing their presence to the generosity of the medical team.

Author(s): 
Tomeleri, Keli Regiane
Pieri, Fl·via Meneguetti
Violin, Mara R˙bia
Serafim, Deise
Marcon, Sonia Silva
Publication Title: 
Revista Da Associacao Medica Brasileira (1992)

OBJECTIVE: this study was made with the medical students of the "Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais" (UFMG), to get their social economic profile, and their reasons for studying medicine, choosing the specialty, doing medical residence, and showing preferences for being a liberal professional or a salaried employee. METHODS: In 1997, a study was made comparing UFMG's medical students beginning their clinical practice (5th semester) and those medical students during the internship in the last term of clinical practice. Both groups were given questionnaires for evaluation.

Author(s): 
Ferreira, R. A.
Peret Filho, L. A.
Goulart, E. M.
Valad„o, M. M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (1999)

Evaluation of HIV vaccines requires high-risk individuals willing to participate in a vaccine trial. We investigated the willingness to participate in HIV vaccine trials of initially HIV-seronegative homosexual men enrolled in an HIV seroincidence cohort study. Of 815 initially HIV-seronegative participants, 569 (69.8%) reported willingness to participate in an HIV vaccine trial. Altruism was the primary reason given for wanting to participate.

Author(s): 
PÈrissÈ, A. R.
Schechter, M.
Moreira, R. I.
do Lago, R. F.
Santoro-Lopes, G.
Harrison, L. H.
Publication Title: 
Health Policy and Planning

This paper explores the local political setting in which primary health care and community participation have been implemented in Pelotas, Brazil over the past two decades. We argue that in a medically plural setting with a mixture of private and public health care schemes, capitalist-based principles and ideals (such as the predominant role given to technology) shape generalized concepts of good clinical skills and quality of care, thereby regulating the medical system as a whole.

Author(s): 
Béhague, D. P.
GonÁalves, H.
Dias da Costa, J.
Publication Title: 
AIDS and behavior

Recruiting safe, volunteer blood donors requires understanding motivations for donating and knowledge and attitudes about HIV. We surveyed 1,600 persons presenting for blood donation at a large blood bank in S„o Paulo, Brazil using a self-administered, structured questionnaire, and classified motivations into three domains as well as categorizing persons by HIV test-seeking behavior.

Author(s): 
Goncalez, Thelma T.
Sabino, Ester C.
Chen, Sanny
Salles, Nanci Alves
Chamone, Dalton A. F.
McFarland, Willi
Murphy, Edward L.
Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND: With the global expansion of clinical trials and the expectations of the rise of the emerging economies known as BRICs (Brazil, Russia, India and China), the understanding of factors that affect the willingness to participate in clinical trials of patients from those countries assumes a central role in the future of health research.

Author(s): 
Zammar, Guilherme
Meister, Henrique
Shah, Jatin
Phadtare, Amruta
Cofiel, Luciana
Pietrobon, Ricardo
Publication Title: 
Transfusion

BACKGROUND: Studies analyzing motivation factors that lead to blood donation have found altruism to be the primary motivation factor; however, social capital has not been analyzed in this context. Our study examines the association between motivation factors (altruism, self-interest, and response to direct appeal) and social capital (cognitive and structural) across three large blood centers in Brazil. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 7635 donor candidates from October 15 through November 20, 2009.

Author(s): 
GonÁalez, Thelma T.
Di Lorenzo Oliveira, Claudia
Carneiro-Proietti, Anna Barbara F.
Moreno, Elizabeth C.
Miranda, Carolina
Larsen, Nina
Wright, David
Le„o, Silvana
Loureiro, Paula
de Almeida-Neto, Cesar
Lopes, Maria-InÍs
Proietti, Fernando A.
Custer, Brian
Sabino, Ester
NHLBI Retrovirus Epidemiology Donor Study-II (REDS-II), International Component
Publication Title: 
BMC public health

BACKGROUND: In the past, clinical study participants have suffered from the experiments that they were subjected to. Study subjects may not understand the study process or may participate in clinical studies because they do not have access to medical care. The objectives of the present study were 1. to analyze the motives that might cause a volunteer to participate as a study subject; 2. to identify the social-demographic profile of this study subjects; and 3.

Author(s): 
Nappo, Solange A.
Iafrate, Giovanna B.
Sanchez, Zila M.
Publication Title: 
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Many kinds of body/mind practices are capable of producing remarkable behaviors and altered body states. A typology of such behaviors and states, defined as observable and intentional "extreme" alterations to the body, is presented. Epistemological and methodological issues are discussed: limitations of observational data, and role of meaning, intentionality, and consciousness.

Author(s): 
Jackson, Jean E.

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