Carotid Artery, Common

Publication Title: 
Vascular Health and Risk Management

BACKGROUND: Vegetarianism is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease. However, studies of arterial function in vegetarians are limited. METHODS: This study investigated arterial function in vegetarianism by comparing 49 healthy postmenopausal vegetarians with 41 age-matched omnivores. The arterial function of the common carotid artery was assessed by carotid duplex, while the pulse dynamics method was used to measure brachial artery distensibility (BAD), compliance (BAC), and resistance (BAR).

Author(s): 
Su, Ta-Chen
Torng, Pao-Ling
Jeng, Jiann-Shing
Chen, Ming-Fong
Liau, Chiau-Suong
Publication Title: 
Japanese Journal of Pharmacology

The protective effects of Kamikihi-To (KMK), a traditional Chinese medicine, against cerebral ischemia, hypoxia and anoxia were investigated with various experimental models in mice and gerbils. KMK (2.0 g/kg/day, p.o. for 5 days) significantly prolonged the survival time of mice subjected to bilateral common carotid artery occlusion. KMK (0.5 and 2.0 g/kg/day, p.o. for 5 days) also prolonged the survival time of mice injected with N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA: 80 mg/kg, i.v.).

Author(s): 
Nishizawa, K.
Inoue, O.
Saito, Y.
Suzuki, A.
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology

In traditional Chinese medicine, tanshinone IIA is a lipid-soluble component of Danshen that has been widely used for various cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disorders, including neonatal asphyxia. Despite promising effects, little is known regarding the hemodynamic effects of tanshinone IIA in newborn subjects.

Author(s): 
Liu, Jiangqin
Morton, Jude
Miedzyblocki, Margaret
Lee, Tze Fun
Bigam, David L.
Fok, Tai Fai
Chen, Chao
Lee, Shoo K.
Davidge, Sandra T.
Cheung, Po-Yin
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