Chinese medicine

Publication Title: 
Scientific Reports

Acupuncture and related therapies such as moxibustion and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation are often used to manage cancer-related symptoms, but their effectiveness and safety are controversial. We conducted this overview to summarise the evidence on acupuncture for palliative care of cancer. Our systematic review synthesised the results from clinical trials of patients with any type of cancer. The methodological quality of the 23 systematic reviews in this overview, assessed using the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews Instrument, was found to be satisfactory.

Author(s): 
Wu, Xinyin
Chung, Vincent C. H.
Hui, Edwin P.
Ziea, Eric T. C.
Ng, Bacon F. L.
Ho, Robin S. T.
Tsoi, Kelvin K. F.
Wong, Samuel Y. S.
Wu, Justin C. Y.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Physiotherapy

QUESTION: Is massage therapy effective for people with musculoskeletal disorders compared to any other treatment or no treatment? DESIGN: Systematic review of randomised clinical trials. PARTICIPANTS: People with musculoskeletal disorders. INTERVENTIONS: Massage therapy (manual manipulation of the soft tissues) as a stand-alone intervention. OUTCOME: The primary outcomes were pain and function. RESULTS: The 26 eligible randomised trials involved 2565 participants. The mean sample size was 95 participants (range 16 to 579) per study; 10 studies were considered to be at low risk of bias.

Author(s): 
Bervoets, Diederik C.
Luijsterburg, Pim A. J.
Alessie, Jeroen J. N.
Buijs, Martijn J.
Verhagen, Arianne P.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: More than two-thirds of pregnant women experience low-back pain and almost one-fifth experience pelvic pain. The two conditions may occur separately or together (low-back and pelvic pain) and typically increase with advancing pregnancy, interfering with work, daily activities and sleep. OBJECTIVES: To update the evidence assessing the effects of any intervention used to prevent and treat low-back pain, pelvic pain or both during pregnancy.

Author(s): 
Liddle, Sarah D.
Pennick, Victoria
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Manipulation and mobilisation are commonly used to treat neck pain. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2003, and previously updated in 2010. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of manipulation or mobilisation alone compared wiith those of an inactive control or another active treatment on pain, function, disability, patient satisfaction, quality of life and global perceived effect in adults experiencing neck pain with or without radicular symptoms and cervicogenic headache (CGH) at immediate- to long-term follow-up.

Author(s): 
Gross, Anita
Langevin, Pierre
Burnie, Stephen J.
Bédard-Brochu, Marie-Sophie
Empey, Brian
Dugas, Estelle
Faber-Dobrescu, Michael
Andres, Cristy
Graham, Nadine
Goldsmith, Charles H.
Brønfort, Gert
Hoving, Jan L.
LeBlanc, Francis
Publication Title: 
British Journal of Sports Medicine

IMPORTANCE: Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is both chronic and prevalent; it has complex aetiology and many conservative treatment options. OBJECTIVE: Develop a comprehensive contemporary guide to conservative management of PFP outlining key considerations for clinicians to follow. DESIGN: Mixed methods. METHODS: We synthesised the findings from six high-quality systematic reviews to September 2013 with the opinions of 17 experts obtained via semistructured interviews.

Author(s): 
Barton, Christian John
Lack, Simon
Hemmings, Steph
Tufail, Saad
Morrissey, Dylan
Publication Title: 
Osteoarthritis and Cartilage

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this narrative review was to highlight recent research in the rehabilitation of people with osteoarthritis (OA) by summarizing findings from selected key systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: A systematic search was conducted using the PubMed, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) and Cochrane databases from April 1st 2014 to March 31st 2015. A selection of these is discussed based on study quality, relevance, contribution to new knowledge or controversial findings.

Author(s): 
Bennell, K. L.
Hall, M.
Hinman, R. S.
Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND: Neck pain (NP) and low back pain (LBP) are common symptoms bothering people in daily life. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been used to treat various symptoms and diseases in China and has been demonstrated to be effective. The objective of the present study was to review and analyze the existing data about pain and disability in TCM treatments for NP and LBP. METHODS: Studies were identified by a comprehensive search of databases, such as MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library, up to September 1, 2013.

Author(s): 
Yuan, Qi-ling
Guo, Tuan-mao
Liu, Liang
Sun, Fu
Zhang, Yin-gang
Publication Title: 
Medicine

Many treatments for shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS) are available in clinical practice; some of which have already been compared with other treatments by various investigators. However, a comprehensive treatment comparison is lacking. Several widely used electronic databases were searched for eligible studies. The outcome measurements were the pain score and the Constant-Murley score (CMS).

Author(s): 
Dong, Wei
Goost, Hans
Lin, Xiang-Bo
Burger, Christof
Paul, Christian
Wang, Zeng-Li
Zhang, Tian-Yi
Jiang, Zhi-Chao
Welle, Kristian
Kabir, Koroush
Publication Title: 
Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery: Official Journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery

OBJECTIVE: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is one of the most common diseases affecting adults. It is the most common chronic disease in children in the United States today and the fifth most common chronic disease in the United States overall. AR is estimated to affect nearly 1 in every 6 Americans and generates $2 to $5 billion in direct health expenditures annually. It can impair quality of life and, through loss of work and school attendance, is responsible for as much as $2 to $4 billion in lost productivity annually.

Author(s): 
Seidman, Michael D.
Gurgel, Richard K.
Lin, Sandra Y.
Schwartz, Seth R.
Baroody, Fuad M.
Bonner, James R.
Dawson, Douglas E.
Dykewicz, Mark S.
Hackell, Jesse M.
Han, Joseph K.
Ishman, Stacey L.
Krouse, Helene J.
Malekzadeh, Sonya
Mims, James Whit W.
Omole, Folashade S.
Reddy, William D.
Wallace, Dana V.
Walsh, Sandra A.
Warren, Barbara E.
Wilson, Meghan N.
Nnacheta, Lorraine C.
Guideline Otolaryngology Development Group. AAO-HNSF
Publication Title: 
Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre

The gastrointestinal tract digests and absorbs dietary nutrients, protects the body against physical and chemical damage from contents in its lumen, provides immunity against external antigens, and keeps an optimum environment for the gut microbiota. These functions cannot be performed normally in several diseases of which the following are discussed here: irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease, which includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.

Author(s): 
Khan, Islam
Samson, Sue E.
Grover, Ashok Kumar

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