Crops, Agricultural

Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

Antibiotic resistance is a global public health problem. Once confined primarily to hospitals it is now increasingly common in primary care. The prevalence of resistant bacteria is rising, and organisms resistant to almost all antibiotics have been identified. The main causes are indiscriminate prescribing and the use of antibiotics in animal feeds and other agricultural applications. Policies to restrict use of antibiotics have had limited success. Homeopathy may have a role to play in combating the development of antibiotic resistance.

Author(s): 
Viksveen, Petter
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

INTRODUCTION: This paper reviews recent trends in the production, supply and price of the active ingredients as well as finished ACT products. Production and cost data provided in this paper are based on an ongoing project (Artepal). Stability data are derived from a development project on rectal artesunate. DISCUSSION: The artemisinin raw material and its derivatives appear to be very stable compared to the finished products.

Author(s): 
Kindermans, Jean-Marie
Pilloy, Jacques
Olliaro, Piero
Gomes, Melba
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

Antibiotic resistance is a global public health problem. Once confined primarily to hospitals it is now increasingly common in primary care. The prevalence of resistant bacteria is rising, and organisms resistant to almost all antibiotics have been identified. The main causes are indiscriminate prescribing and the use of antibiotics in animal feeds and other agricultural applications. Policies to restrict use of antibiotics have had limited success. Homeopathy may have a role to play in combating the development of antibiotic resistance.

Author(s): 
Viksveen, Petter
Publication Title: 
Current Opinion in Biotechnology

The current debate about the safety of genetically modified food includes some important scientific issues where more scientific data would aid the robustness of safety evaluation. One example is the possibility of gene transfer, especially from genetically modified plant material.

Author(s): 
Gasson, M. J.
Publication Title: 
BMC structural biology

BACKGROUND: Transgenic proteins expressed by genetically modified food crops are evaluated for their potential allergenic properties prior to marketing, among others by identification of short identical amino acid sequences that occur both in the transgenic protein and allergenic proteins. A strategy is proposed, in which the positive outcomes of the sequence comparison with a minimal length of six amino acids are further screened for the presence of potential linear IgE-epitopes.

Author(s): 
Kleter, Gijs A.
Peijnenburg, Ad A. C. M.
Publication Title: 
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology

It has been predicted that by 2025 there will be an annual shortfall of cereals for feeding the human population of 68.5 million tones. One possible solution is the use of genetically modified (GM) crops, which are already grown extensively (59 million ha of GM crops were planted in 2002) in the USA, South America, Africa and China. Nevertheless, there is considerable disagreement about the advisability of using such crops, particularly in Europe. Obviously, the safety of the food derived from the GM crops is a primary consideration.

Author(s): 
Purchase, Iain F. H.
Publication Title: 
Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy = Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie

Genetically modified (GM) foods are the product of one of the most progressive fields of science-biotechnology. There are major concerns about GM foods in the public; some of them are reasonable, some of them are not. Biomedical risks of GM foods include problems regarding the potential allergenicity, horizontal gene transfer, but environmental side effects on biodiversity must also be recognized. Numerous methods have been developed to assess the potential risk of every GM food type.

Author(s): 
Celec, Peter
Kukucková, Martina
Renczésová, Veronika
Natarajan, Satheesh
Pálffy, Roland
Gardlík, Roman
Hodosy, Július
Behuliak, Michal
Vlková, Barbora
Minárik, Gabriel
Szemes, Tomás
Stuchlík, Stanislav
Turna, Ján
Publication Title: 
Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences

Progress, which is brought by new advances in modern molecular biology, allowed interference in the genome of live organisms and gene manipulation. Introducing new genes to the recipient organism enables to give them new features, absent before. Continuous increase in the area of the biotech crops triggers continuous discussion about safety of genetically modified (GM) crops, including food and feed derived from them. Important issue connected with cultivation of genetically modified crops is a horizontal gene transfer and a bacterial antibiotic resistance.

Author(s): 
Kwiatek, K.
Mazur, M.
Sieradzki, Z.
Publication Title: 
Public Understanding of Science (Bristol, England)

This paper analyses a corpus of articles on GM crops and food which appeared in six UK newspapers in the first three months of 2004, the year following the GM Nation? debate (2003). Using the methods of critical discourse analysis we focus on how specific and pervasive representations of the major stakeholders in the national debate on GM--the British public, the British government, the science of GM, and biotechnology companies--served significant rhetorical functions in the controversy.

Author(s): 
Augoustinos, Martha
Crabb, Shona
Shepherd, Richard
Publication Title: 
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao = The Journal of Applied Ecology / Zhongguo Sheng Tai Xue Xue Hui, Zhongguo Ke Xue Yuan Shenyang Ying Yong Sheng Tai Yan Jiu Suo Zhu Ban

Based on the GIS software platform, referring to the China 'Terrestrial ecosystem services per unit area value', and by using transition matrix, Costanza evaluation formula, and sensitivity analysis, this paper studied the change characteristics of land use and ecosystem services value in Ji' nan City in 1989-2009. During the study period, the built-up area in the City increased by 99.65 km2, while agriculture land and green space reduced by 103.21 km2, 90.4% of which was taken by the built-up land.

Author(s): 
Liu, Jin-Yong
Kong, Fan-Hua
Yin, Hai-Wei
Yan, Wei-Jiao
Sun, Chang-Feng
Xu, Feng
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