Decision Making

Publication Title: 
NIH consensus and state-of-the-science statements

OBJECTIVE: To provide health care providers, patients, and the general public with a responsible assessment of currently available data on vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC).

Author(s): 
Cunningham, F. Gary
Bangdiwala, Shrikant I.
Brown, Sarah S.
Dean, Thomas Michael
Frederiksen, Marilynn
Rowland Hogue, Carol J.
King, Tekoa
Spencer Lukacz, Emily
McCullough, Laurence B.
Nicholson, Wanda
Petit, Nancy Frances
Probstfield, Jeffrey Lynn
Viguera, Adele C.
Wong, Cynthia A.
Zimmet, Sheila Cohen
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Nursing Studies

OBJECTIVES: To identify what factors affect women's decisions to delay childbearing, and to explore women's experiences and their perceptions of associated risks. DESIGN: Systematic procedures were used for search strategy, study selection, data extraction and analysis. Findings were synthesised using an approach developed from meta-ethnography. DATA SOURCES: We included qualitative papers, not confined to geographical area (1980-2009). Databases included CINAHL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycInfo, ASSIA, MIDIRS, British Nursing Index and the National Research Register.

Author(s): 
Cooke, Alison
Mills, Tracey A.
Lavender, Tina
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law

The cognitive and behavioral changes that can be observed in the neurodegenerative terminal disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), once characterized as purely a motor neuron disease, have become increasingly recognized over the past century. Detecting cognitive deficits earlier and identifying continued changes at regular intervals can lead to improved care, proactive treatments, and earlier discussions about end-of-life wishes.

Author(s): 
Khin Khin, Eindra
Minor, Darlinda
Holloway, Amanda
Pelleg, Ayla
Publication Title: 
Forschende Komplementarmedizin (2006)

The increasing use and practice of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) all over the world raises important ethical issues for health care providers, researchers and policy-makers. This article addresses the equity issues arising in the context of an evaluation of five complementary therapies provided by general practitioners: homeopathy, anthroposophic medicine, traditional Chinese medicine, neural therapy and phytotherapy.

Author(s): 
Marian, Florica
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

The integration of complementary therapies within the British National Health Service (NHS) in the context of limited evidence of effectiveness has been much debated, as has the need for the provision of health services to be more evidence-based. In June 1994, a project was launched within a South-East London NHS Hospital Trust to introduce complementary therapy (acupuncture, homeopathy, and osteopathy), in the context of an evaluation program.

Author(s): 
Richardson, J.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

BACKGROUND: Homeopathy is a major modality in complementary and alternative medicine. Significant tensions exist between homeopathic practice and education, evident in the diversity of practice styles and pedagogic models. Utilizing clinical reasoning knowledge in conventional medicine and allied health sciences, this article seeks to identify and critique existing research in this important area. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search utilizing MEDLINE,(®) Allied and Complementary Medicine (AMED), and CINAHL(®) (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature) was conducted.

Author(s): 
Levy, David
Ajjawi, Rola
Roberts, Chris
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

The integration of complementary therapies within the British National Health Service (NHS) in the context of limited evidence of effectiveness has been much debated, as has the need for the provision of health services to be more evidence-based. In June 1994, a project was launched within a South-East London NHS Hospital Trust to introduce complementary therapy (acupuncture, homeopathy, and osteopathy), in the context of an evaluation program.

Author(s): 
Richardson, J.
Publication Title: 
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu = Acupuncture Research

To develop a practical clinical decision support system (CDSS) for acu-moxibustion therapy is of highly realistic significance in assisting acupuncturists with their decision-making tasks. In the present paper, the authors review the general state of studies on CDSS and analyze the extant problems and those needing to be tackled urgently in acu-moxibustion clinic. Secondly, the authors put forward some thoughts on developing CDSS for acu-moxibustion and analyze its practicability.

Author(s): 
Ren, Yu-Lan
Zeng, Fang
Zhao, Ling
Yang, Jie
Liang, Fan-Rong
Publication Title: 
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu = Acupuncture Research

To develop a practical clinical decision support system (CDSS) for acu-moxibustion therapy is of highly realistic significance in assisting acupuncturists with their decision-making tasks. In the present paper, the authors review the general state of studies on CDSS and analyze the extant problems and those needing to be tackled urgently in acu-moxibustion clinic. Secondly, the authors put forward some thoughts on developing CDSS for acu-moxibustion and analyze its practicability.

Author(s): 
Ren, Yu-Lan
Zeng, Fang
Zhao, Ling
Yang, Jie
Liang, Fan-Rong
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

Some researchers in the field of ageing claim that significant extension of the human lifespan will be possible in the near future. While many of these researchers have assumed that the community will welcome this technology, there has been very little research on community attitudes to life extension. This paper presents the results of an in-depth qualitative study of community attitudes to life extension across age groups and religious boundaries.

Author(s): 
Underwood, Mair
Bartlett, Helen P.
Partridge, Brad
Lucke, Jayne
Hall, Wayne D.

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