Drug Information Services

Publication Title: 
Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges

The pharmaceutical industry's wide range of interactions with physicians, trainees, and other medical professionals--interactions that include information transfer and financial incentives--has been the source of undue influences, especially on physicians' prescription behavior. Current literature has mainly been focused on the financial element of these influences, and the problems in medical professional-pharmaceutical industry interactions are mainly viewed in terms of conflicts of interest.

Author(s): 
Ahmadi Nasab Emran, Shahram
Publication Title: 
Journal of Pharmacy Practice

Proper drug information (DI) skills are essential for being a competent pharmacy practitioner. To effectively manage DI queries and clinical dilemmas, the practitioner should follow a systematic approach that includes identifying the requester, determining the "true" DI need and obtaining background information, categorizing the question, performing the search and analyzing the information, disseminating the information, and following up when appropriate.

Author(s): 
Nathan, Joseph P.
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Surgery

BACKGROUND: Interest in complementary therapies in the United States is rising. We sought to characterize the use of complementary therapies among our cancer patients in our community and analyze differences in use between patients with breast versus those with other primary tumor sites. METHODS: A survey of 1,935 randomly selected patients from the tumor registry was performed. A questionnaire was mailed to 935 breast cancer patients and 1,000 patients with other primary site diagnoses. RESULTS: There were 617 responses (288 breast, 329 other).

Author(s): 
Morris, K. T.
Johnson, N.
Homer, L.
Walts, D.
Publication Title: 
Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety

PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to determine whether community pharmacists recommend appropriate medications and give valid information to pregnant women. METHODS: A total of 163 community pharmacists randomly selected in the Midi-Pyrénées area were interviewed by means of an open questionnaire. Ten scenarios were proposed concerning back pain, headache, coughs and sore-throats, fever, constipation, nausea, dyspepsia, 'venous insufficiency', allergic rhinitis and insomnia. RESULTS: Out of the total, 130 pharmacists accepted to answer.

Author(s): 
Damase-Michel, Christine
Vié, Céline
Lacroix, Isabelle
Lapeyre-Mestre, Maryse
Montastruc, J. L.
Publication Title: 
Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan

The growth of the dietary supplement in Japanese market suggests that the patient's need for assistance with self-care will also continue to grow. Patients' burgeoning acceptance and use of alternative therapies is another indication that patients seeking more from the health care system. The questionnaire showed that the most of them are expecting the pharmacists to provide their knowledge of dietary supplements. However, only limited amount of information is available.

Author(s): 
Noda, Toshihiro
Takaichi, Kazuyuki
Nakamura, Mineo
Karasawa, Hidetaka
Okamoto, Yasunori
Mizuno, Satoshi
Kurihara, Tomohito
Makino, Toshiaki
Hirano, Takeshi
Iseki, Ken
Publication Title: 
Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan

In Japanese hospitals or pharmacies, crude drugs and natural products are used as the components of kampo medicine and dietary supplements. Clinical pharmacy can provide information such as the efficacy, adverse action, or interactions of crude drugs or natural products as well as chemical drugs. However, it is very difficult for a clinical pharmacist without a knowledge of pharmacognosy to offer full information, because crude drugs and natural products have very different pharmaceutical characteristics from chemical drugs containing a single compound.

Author(s): 
Makino, Toshiaki
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