Early Detection of Cancer

Publication Title: 
Cancer Nursing

BACKGROUND: The emotion of disgust appears to promote psychological and behavioral avoidance, a dynamic that has significant implications in physical and psychological outcomes in colorectal cancer (CRC). Patients, caregivers, and health professionals alike are all potentially susceptible to responding with disgust and the associated avoidance. OBJECTIVE: This article aimed to review the early-stage literature related to disgust and CRC, consider the clinical implications, and suggest an appropriate research agenda.

Author(s): 
Reynolds, Lisa M.
Consedine, Nathan S.
Pizarro, David A.
Bissett, Ian P.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: This is the second update of the review first published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews in 2009, Issue 1. Epithelial ovarian cancer is diagnosed in over 200,000 women worldwide each year. Ten to 20% of women are diagnosed early, when there is still a good possibility of cure. The treatment of early-stage (stage I and IIa) disease involves surgery to remove the disease, often followed by chemotherapy (adjuvant chemotherapy).

Author(s): 
Lawrie, Theresa A.
Winter-Roach, Brett A.
Heus, Pauline
Kitchener, Henry C.
Publication Title: 
Preventive Medicine

In 2008, Alberta Roman Catholic Bishops' discouraged in-school HPV vaccination because: "a school-based approach to vaccination sends a message that early sexual intercourse is allowed, as long as one uses 'protection.'" The publicly funded Calgary Catholic School District Board voted against in-school HPV vaccine administration. In 2009, vaccine uptake was 70% in Calgary public schools and 18.9% in Calgary Catholic schools.

Author(s): 
Guichon, Juliet R.
Mitchell, Ian
Buffler, Patricia
Caplan, Art
Publication Title: 
Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved

Although most U.S. Latinos identify as Catholic, few studies have focused on the influence of this religious tradition on health beliefs among this population. This study explores the role of Catholic religious teachings, practices, and ministry on cancer screening knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors among Latinos. Eight focus groups were conducted with 67 Catholic Latino parishioners in Massachusetts. Qualitative analysis provided evidence of strong reliance on faith, God, and parish leaders for health concerns.

Author(s): 
Allen, Jennifer D.
Leyva, Bryan
Torres, A. Idal
Ospino, Hosffman
Tom, Laura
Rustan, Sarah
Bartholomew, Amanda
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Health Behavior

OBJECTIVES: To assess cancer perceptions among churchgoers and to examine the potential influence of fatalism and religious beliefs on the use of cancer screening tests. METHODS: Eight semi-structured focus groups were conducted among 67 Hispanic Catholics in Massachusetts. RESULTS: In this sample, there were few references to fatalistic beliefs about cancer and nearly universal endorsement of the utility of cancer screening for cancer early detection. Most participants reported that their religious beliefs encouraged them to use health services, including cancer-screening tests.

Author(s): 
Leyva, Bryan
Allen, Jennifer D.
Tom, Laura S.
Ospino, Hosffman
Torres, Maria Idali
Abraído-Lanza, Ana F.
Publication Title: 
Thorax

BACKGROUND: Earlier diagnosis of lung cancer is key to reducing mortality. New evidence suggests that smokers have negative attitudes to screening and participation in lung cancer screening trials is poor (<1 in 6 of those eligible). Understanding participation is important since uptake in screening trials is likely to predict uptake in screening programmes. A qualitative study of people accepting and declining participation in the Lung-SEARCH screening trial was conducted. Two questions were addressed: Are the screening methods offered acceptable to patients?

Author(s): 
Patel, Deesha
Akporobaro, Ajiri
Chinyanganya, Nyasha
Hackshaw, Allan
Seale, Clive
Spiro, Stephen G.
Griffiths, Chris
Lung-SEARCH Investigators
Publication Title: 
Trials

BACKGROUND: Recruiting to randomized controlled trials is fraught with challenges; with less than one third recruiting to their original target. In preparation for a trial evaluating the effectiveness of a blood test to screen for lung cancer (the ECLS trial), we conducted a qualitative study to explore the potential barriers and facilitators that would impact recruitment. METHODS: Thirty two people recruited from community settings took part in four focus groups in Glasgow and Dundee (UK). Thematic analysis was used to code the data and develop themes.

Author(s): 
das Nair, Roshan
Orr, Kate Skellington
Vedhara, Kavita
Kendrick, Denise
Publication Title: 
Journal of Community Health

To explore compliance of Arab-Americans to colorectal cancer (CRC) screening and identify the barriers for non-compliance. An observational community based study. Arab-American Friday prayer attendees' ≥50 years in three mosques in Dearborn, MI volunteered. Demographics, health insurance status, screening history, availability of a primary care physician (PCP) and the ability to communicate in Arabic were inquired. The responses were compared using a student t test between respondents who have had CRC screening with colonoscopy and those who have not had any screening tests.

Author(s): 
Talaat, Nizar
Harb, Walid
Publication Title: 
Journal of Cancer Education: The Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education

Shared decision making has been advocated as a key ethical strategy to improve quality of care and cancer control, especially in relation to screening and treatment decisions at various stages of the cancer continuum. Recent research on cancer in American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities has highlighted significant disparities, raising questions about how best to implement prevention and screening programs in often fragmented and underfunded Indian health, tribal and urban systems.

Author(s): 
Nowakowski, Katherine E.
Tilburt, Jon C.
Kaur, Judith S.
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