Europe

Publication Title: 
BMJ open

OBJECTIVES: Optimal control of type 2 diabetes is challenging in many patient populations including in South Asian patients. We systematically reviewed studies on the effect of diabetes management interventions targeted at South Asian patients with type 2 diabetes on glycaemic control. DESIGN: Systematic review of MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL databases for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and pre-post-test studies (January 1990 to February 2014). Studies were stratified by where interventions were conducted (South Asia vs Western countries).

Author(s): 
Bhurji, N.
Javer, J.
Gasevic, D.
Khan, N. A.
Publication Title: 
BMJ open

OBJECTIVES: Optimal control of type 2 diabetes is challenging in many patient populations including in South Asian patients. We systematically reviewed studies on the effect of diabetes management interventions targeted at South Asian patients with type 2 diabetes on glycaemic control. DESIGN: Systematic review of MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL databases for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and pre-post-test studies (January 1990 to February 2014). Studies were stratified by where interventions were conducted (South Asia vs Western countries).

Author(s): 
Bhurji, N.
Javer, J.
Gasevic, D.
Khan, N. A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

Prompted by the open letter by 13 prominent British scientists to National Health Science (NHS) trusts questioning the use of homeopathy, Vinjar Fønnebø, M.D., Ph.D., and Michael Baum, M.B., Ch.M., F.R.C.S., M.D.(Hon) entered into an e-mail exchange about the issues of research and documentation of practices in "complementary," "alternative," and "integrated" medicine. The paper presents the whole exchange unedited.

Author(s): 
Fønnebø, Vinjar
Baum, Michael
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

In attempts to improve their health and/or combat illness, approximately 4 in 10 Americans will use a complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapy this year. CAM therapies vary widely, with acupuncture, chiropractic, herbal medicine, and homeopathy among the more prominent modalities. CAM therapies are used in addition to and/or instead of the more conventional forms of medical care available in U.S. hospitals or licensed physicians' offices.

Author(s): 
Barrett, Bruce
Publication Title: 
Drug Safety

Echinacea spp. are native to North America and were traditionally used by the Indian tribes for a variety of ailments, including mouth sores, colds and snake-bites. The three most commonly used Echinacea spp. are E. angustifolia, E. pallida and E. purpurea. Systematic literature searches were conducted in six electronic databases and the reference lists of all of the papers located were checked for further relevant publications. Information was also sought from the spontaneous reporting programmes of the WHO and national drug safety bodies.

Author(s): 
Huntley, Alyson L.
Thompson Coon, Joanna
Ernst, Edzard
Publication Title: 
Forschende Komplementarmedizin (2006)

Though homeopathy has been in successful and continuous use for well over 200 years, in the United Kingdom it is under growing pressure, from scientific detractors and sections of the media. As such, homeopathy's free National Health Service provision is threatened because it is derided as 'unproven', 'unscientific', and even 'deadly'. While refuting these and other detractions, this paper considers possible reasons for the current plight of homeopathy UK.

Author(s): 
Milgrom, Lionel R.
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

This is an edited transcript of a debate held at the University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, Connecticut, USA on 25 October 2007. Homeopathy is a widely used but controversial form of complementary and alternative medicine. Six distinguished international speakers, including advocates and skeptics concerning homeopathy, debated the plausibility, theoretical principles, clinical and basic research evidence, ethical and other issues surrounding homeopathy.

Author(s): 
Gold, Peter W.
Novella, S.
Roy, R.
Marcus, D.
Bell, I.
Davidovitch, N.
Saine, A.
Publication Title: 
Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology: Official Publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology

OBJECTIVE: To describe and discuss the epidemiologic characteristics and determinants of the use of complementary alternative medicine (CAM) from a European, particularly German, perspective. DATA SOURCES: An unrestricted literature search using the keywords alternative, allergy, complementary, epidemiology, and medicine was performed in PubMed (National Library of Medicine). In addition, background literature and the opinion of the author contributed to the article.

Author(s): 
Schäfer, Torsten
Publication Title: 
Forschende Komplementarmedizin (2006)

BACKGROUND: The demand for complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatment in the European Union (EU) has led to an increase in the various CAM interventions available to the public. Our aim was to describe the CAM services available from both registered medical practitioners and registered non-medical practitioners.

Author(s): 
von Ammon, Klaus
Frei-Erb, Martin
Cardini, Francesco
Daig, Ute
Dragan, Simona
Hegyi, Gabriella
Roberti di Sarsina, Paolo
Sörensen, Jan
Lewith, George
Publication Title: 
Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift (1946)

Despite ongoing controversy, homeopathy has become increasingly accepted as a "medical reality" by patients and doctors alike. This process has been accompanied by an increased quality of manufacturing, education, research, and regulation of homeopathy. This paper argues that European regulation may now have gone too far by indiscriminately prescribing that homeopathic medicines should be used in a potency of D4 and higher. Low potencies and tinctures are an important and integral part of the homeopathic heritage.

Author(s): 
Van Haselen, Robbert

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