OBJECTIVE: To provide an updated review of condom migration as a means of highlighting methodological issues for future studies of this behavioural issue. METHODS: Electronic searches of PubMed, MEDLINE and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) databases were carried out in October 2010 and updated in January 2011 for English-language articles published from 1994 onward. RESULTS: Evidence addressing condom migration from microbicides and vaccines is vastly underdeveloped, simply because these products are still experimental.
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether it is safe to cut the temporary epicardial pacing wires (TEPWs) flush with the patient's skin surface prior to discharge. Altogether 105 relevant papers were identified of which 13 case reports represented the best evidence to answer the question. The author, journal, date, country of publication, complications, the culprit TEPW and relevant outcomes are tabulated. All case reports demonstrated a wide spectrum of complications.
The authors report a case of subarachnoid hemorrhage and spinal root injury caused by an acupuncture needle buried in the posterior neck about 30 years before onset. A 33-year-old female presented with sudden onset of severe occipital headaches. Plain x-ray films of the cervical spine revealed a fine gold needle, about 1.5 cm in length, between the C1 and C2 vertebrae. The needle was piercing the spinal nerve root through the dural vein, and was removed. Postoperatively, the pain exacerbated by neck movement disappeared.
A 61-year-old man who had been suffering from benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) for ten years visited our hospital complaining of dysuria and bladder pain. Abdominal X-ray showed a 2 cm calculus containing a needle-like shadow in the pelvis. Transurethral lithotripsy and trunsurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) were done. The calculus was a brown club-shaped bladder stone with the core being a 2 cm needle one side of which was broken. It was supposed to be an acupuncture needle that was retained in his back twenty years ago.
The aim of this study was to introduce the experience of diagnosis and treatment for patients with migrated acupuncture needle to pleural cavity and or lung parenchyma. We had treated 5 patients who had acupuncture needles in their thoracic cavity from January 2000 to September 2009. The mean age was 55.8 yr old. All patients suffered from the sequelae of the cerebrovascular accident and had been treated with acupuncture. They had drowsiness and hemiplegic or quadriplegic motor activity. Fever and dyspnea were main symptoms when referred to us.