Histone Code

Publication Title: 
Epigenetics

Mounting evidence suggest that epigenetic regulation of brain functions is important in the etiology of psychiatric disorders. These epigenetic regulatory mechanisms, such as DNA methylation and histone acetylation, are influenced by many pharmaceutical compounds including psychiatric drugs. It is therefore of interest to investigate how psychiatric drugs are of influence and what the potential is of new epigenetic drugs for psychiatric disorders. With this targeted review we summarize the current state of knowledge in order to provide insight in this developing field.

Author(s): 
Boks, Marco P.
de Jong, NoÎlle M.
Kas, Martien J. H.
Vinkers, Christiaan H.
Fernandes, Cathy
Kahn, RenÈ S.
Mill, Jonathan
Ophoff, Roel A.
Publication Title: 
Neuromolecular Medicine

Synaptic plasticity is one of the most fundamental properties of neurons that underlie the formation of the memory in brain. In recent years, epigenetic modification of both DNA and histones such as DNA methylation and histone acetylation and methylation emerges as a potential regulatory mechanism that governs the transcription of several genes responsible for memory formation and behavior. Furthermore, the recent identification of nitrosylation of proteins has shown to either activate or repress gene transcription by modulating histone methylation or acetylation status in mature neuron.

Author(s): 
Sen, Nilkantha
Publication Title: 
Nature Communications

The role of intermediate methylation states in DNA is unclear. Here, to comprehensively identify regions of intermediate methylation and their quantitative relationship with gene activity, we apply integrative and comparative epigenomics to 25 human primary cell and tissue samples. We report 18,452 intermediate methylation regions located near 36% of genes and enriched at enhancers, exons and DNase I hypersensitivity sites.

Author(s): 
Elliott, GiNell
Hong, Chibo
Xing, Xiaoyun
Zhou, Xin
Li, Daofeng
Coarfa, Cristian
Bell, Robert J. A.
Maire, Cecile L.
Ligon, Keith L.
Sigaroudinia, Mahvash
Gascard, Philippe
Tlsty, Thea D.
Harris, R. Alan
Schalkwyk, Leonard C.
Bilenky, Misha
Mill, Jonathan
Farnham, Peggy J.
Kellis, Manolis
Marra, Marco A.
Milosavljevic, Aleksandar
Hirst, Martin
Stormo, Gary D.
Wang, Ting
Costello, Joseph F.
Publication Title: 
Epigenomics

The examination of potential roles of epigenetic alterations in the pathogenesis of psychotic diseases have become an essential alternative in recent years as genetic studies alone are yet to uncover major gene(s) for psychosis. Here, we describe the current state of knowledge from the gene-specific and genome-wide studies of postmortem brain and blood cells indicating that aberrant DNA methylation, histone modifications and dysregulation of micro-RNAs are linked to the pathogenesis of mental diseases.

Author(s): 
Abdolmaleky, Hamid Mostafavi
Zhou, Jin-Rong
Thiagalingam, Sam
Publication Title: 
Biological Psychiatry

The past decade has witnessed a number of societal and political changes that have raised critical questions about the long-term impact of marijuana (Cannabis sativa) that are especially important given the prevalence of its abuse and that potential long-term effects still largely lack scientific data. Disturbances of the epigenome have generally been hypothesized as the molecular machinery underlying the persistent, often tissue-specific transcriptional and behavioral effects of cannabinoids that have been observed within one's lifetime and even into the subsequent generation.

Author(s): 
Szutorisz, Henrietta
Hurd, Yasmin L.
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