History, 20th Century

Publication Title: 
Physis; Rivista Internazionale Di Storia Della Scienza

The focus of this paper is the interplay between evidence and theory, which is at the heart of the methodological question. I address it using as a case study the homeopathic medicine discovered/invented by C.S. Hahnemann in the late eighteenth century.

Author(s): 
Mosini, Valeria
Publication Title: 
Southern Medical Journal

BACKGROUND: In 1983, the Southern Medical Journal advised its readers that a scientific basis might underlie the popular practice of ancient Chinese acupuncture. Recent studies have proven this to be correct, and a 1997 National Institutes of Health consensus panel recommended acupuncture as a useful clinical procedure. METHODS: Pertinent articles in the literature were reviewed, including our own research. Significantly, we had access to recent important studies from China.

Author(s): 
Ulett, G. A.
Han, J.
Han, S.
Publication Title: 
Headache

Acupuncture, traditional Chinese needle therapy, has become widely used for the relief of headache. The history of the practice of acupuncture in the United States and the theoretical framework for acupuncture in Chinese medicine are reviewed. The basic scientific background and clinical application of acupuncture in the headache management are discussed.

Author(s): 
Zhao, Chong-Hao
Stillman, Mark J.
Rozen, Todd D.
Publication Title: 
Fertility and Sterility

OBJECTIVE: To review systematically the use of acupuncture in the management of subfertility. DESIGN: A computer search was performed via several English and Chinese databases to identify journals relevant to the subject. RESULT(S): The positive effect of acupuncture in the treatment of subfertility may be related to the central sympathetic inhibition by the endorphin system, the change in uterine blood flow and motility, and stress reduction.

Author(s): 
Ng, Ernest Hung Yu
So, Wing Sze
Gao, Jing
Wong, Yu Yeuk
Ho, Pak Chung
Publication Title: 
Southern Medical Journal

BACKGROUND: In 1983, the Southern Medical Journal advised its readers that a scientific basis might underlie the popular practice of ancient Chinese acupuncture. Recent studies have proven this to be correct, and a 1997 National Institutes of Health consensus panel recommended acupuncture as a useful clinical procedure. METHODS: Pertinent articles in the literature were reviewed, including our own research. Significantly, we had access to recent important studies from China.

Author(s): 
Ulett, G. A.
Han, J.
Han, S.
Publication Title: 
Bulletin of the Indian Institute of History of Medicine (Hyderabad)

Ayurveda is a science of life, therefore it is the science, by the knowledge of which life may be prolonged. It is human nature to aspire for longevity and this desire is found practically among all the peoples of the world. Accordingly if longevity is desired, there must be a system of rejuvenation for one who keeps on remaining young. Rasayana therapy has been described for this person in Ayurveda as a systematic and scientific medical discipline and great results were claimed by this therapy.

Author(s): 
Ali, M.
Publication Title: 
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi (Beijing, China: 1980)

Longrig Dandar, a Mongolian native of Kalak, was born in 1842 and died in 1915. Being a famous Mongolian physician converted to Buddhism when he was a boy, he was proficient in "Five Rig-pa", especially fond of gSo-ba rig-pa with high achievements, and was respected as wonderful physician in Mongolian region. Though he was oppressed when he was young, but was later recommended by XIII Dalai Lama. He was famous in local region.

Author(s): 
Baoyintu, null
Haserdun, null
Publication Title: 
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research

Tibetan medicine is known as the knowledge of healing in the Four Tantras, the main medical text studied by Tibetan doctors. In the 8th century, King Trisong Deutsen (718-785 CE) invited eminent physicians from India, China, Persia, East Turkestan, Mongolia, and Nepal for the First International Medical Symposium in Samye, Tibet and ordered his personal physician Elder Yuthog Yonten Gonpo (708-833 CE), who lived 125 years, and participated in this conference to summarize. By combining all the information available and presented during this symposium, he compiled the Four Tantras.

Author(s): 
Dakpa, Tenzing
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology

The idea that putrefaction of the stools causes disease, i.e., intestinal autointoxication, originated with physicians in ancient Egypt. They believed that a putrefactive principle associated with feces was absorbed in to the general circulation, where it acted to produce fever and pus. This description of the materia peccans represented the earliest forerunner of our present notion of endotoxin and its effect.

Author(s): 
Chen, T. S.
Chen, P. S.
Publication Title: 
Experimental Gerontology

The field of toxicology adopted the threshold dose response in the early decades of the 20th century. The model was rapidly incorporated into governmental regulatory assessment procedures and became a central feature of chemical evaluation and assessment. The toxicological community never validated the capacity of this model to make accurate predictions throughout the remainder of the 20th century. A series of recent investigations have demonstrated that the threshold and linear dose response model failed to make accurate predictions in the low dose zone.

Author(s): 
Calabrese, Edward J.

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