Homeopathy

Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and effectiveness of homeopathic intervention in the treatment of seasonal or perennial allergic rhinitis (AR). METHOD: Randomized controlled trials evaluating all forms of homeopathic treatment for AR were included in a systematic review (SR) of studies published up to and including December 2015. Two authors independently screened potential studies, extracted data, and assessed risk of bias. Primary outcomes included symptom improvement and total quality-of-life score.

Author(s): 
Banerjee, Kushal
Mathie, Robert T.
Costelloe, Ceire
Howick, Jeremy
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

AIM: To systematically review surveys of 12-month prevalence of homeopathy use by the general population worldwide. METHODS: Studies were identified via database searches to October 2015. Study quality was assessed using a six-item tool. All estimates were in the context of a survey which also reported prevalence of any complementary and alternative medicine use. RESULTS: A total of 36 surveys were included. Of these, 67% met four of six quality criteria. Twelve-month prevalence of treatment by a homeopath was reported in 24 surveys of adults (median 1.5%, range 0.2-8.2%).

Author(s): 
Relton, Clare
Cooper, Katy
Viksveen, Petter
Fibert, Philippa
Thomas, Kate
Publication Title: 
Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic, debilitating pain disorder. Dissatisfaction with conventional medicine can lead people with FM to turn to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Two previous overviews of systematic reviews of CAM for FM have been published, but they did not assessed for risk of bias in the review process. METHODS: Five databases Medline, Embase, AMED (via OVID), Web of Science and Central were searched from their inception to December 2015. Reference lists were hand-searched.

Author(s): 
Perry, Rachel
Leach, Verity
Davies, Philippa
Penfold, Chris
Ness, Andy
Churchill, Rachel
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Women's Health

The objective of the authors is to highlight the historical complexities for the diagnosis and treatment of hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) with a focus on Flibanserin. A systematic review of the medical literature published in PubMed using the search terms HSDD and Flibanserin was conducted. Each author reviewed the results of the systematic review for articles to include in this study.

Author(s): 
Jayne, Christopher J.
Heard, Michael J.
Zubair, Sarah
Johnson, Dustie L.
Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most commonly diagnosed psychiatric disorders in childhood. A wide variety of treatments have been used for the management of ADHD. We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of pharmacological, psychological and complementary and alternative medicine interventions for the treatment of ADHD in children and adolescents. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We performed a systematic review with network meta-analyses. Randomised controlled trials (?

Author(s): 
Catalá-López, Ferrán
Hutton, Brian
Núñez-Beltrán, Amparo
Page, Matthew J.
Ridao, Manuel
Macías Saint-Gerons, Diego
Catalá, Miguel A.
Tabarés-Seisdedos, Rafael
Moher, David
Publication Title: 
Journal of Sleep Research

This European guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of insomnia was developed by a task force of the European Sleep Research Society, with the aim of providing clinical recommendations for the management of adult patients with insomnia. The guideline is based on a systematic review of relevant meta-analyses published till June 2016. The target audience for this guideline includes all clinicians involved in the management of insomnia, and the target patient population includes adults with chronic insomnia disorder.

Author(s): 
Riemann, Dieter
Baglioni, Chiara
Bassetti, Claudio
Bjorvatn, Bjørn
Dolenc Groselj, Leja
Ellis, Jason G.
Espie, Colin A.
Garcia-Borreguero, Diego
Gjerstad, Michaela
Gonçalves, Marta
Hertenstein, Elisabeth
Jansson-Fröjmark, Markus
Jennum, Poul J.
Leger, Damien
Nissen, Christoph
Parrino, Liborio
Paunio, Tiina
Pevernagie, Dirk
Verbraecken, Johan
Weeß, Hans-Günter
Wichniak, Adam
Zavalko, Irina
Arnardottir, Erna S.
Deleanu, Oana-Claudia
Strazisar, Barbara
Zoetmulder, Marielle
Spiegelhalder, Kai
Publication Title: 
Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: A rigorous systematic review and meta-analysis focused on randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of non-individualised homeopathic treatment has not previously been reported. We tested the null hypothesis that the main outcome of treatment using a non-individualised (standardised) homeopathic medicine is indistinguishable from that of placebo. An additional aim was to quantify any condition-specific effects of non-individualised homeopathic treatment.

Author(s): 
Mathie, Robert T.
Ramparsad, Nitish
Legg, Lynn A.
Clausen, Jürgen
Moss, Sian
Davidson, Jonathan R. T.
Messow, Claudia-Martina
McConnachie, Alex
Publication Title: 
Progres En Urologie: Journal De l'Association Francaise D'urologie Et De La Societe Francaise D'urologie

OBJECTIVE: The causes and treatment of isolated primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE) are the subject of ongoing controversy. We are proposing consensus practical recommendations, based on a formalised analysis of the literature and validated by a large panel of experts.

Author(s): 
Aubert, D.
Berard, E.
Blanc, J.-P.
Lenoir, G.
Liard, F.
Lottmann, H.
Publication Title: 
Advances in Nutrition (Bethesda, Md.)

Nutrition is considered to be a possible factor in the pathogenesis of the neurological disease multiple sclerosis (MS). Nutrition intervention studies suggest that diet may be considered as a complementary treatment to control the progression of the disease; a systematic review of the literature on the influence of diet on MS was therefore conducted. The literature search was conducted by using Medlars Online International Literature (MEDLINE) via PubMed and Scopus. Forty-seven articles met the inclusion criteria.

Author(s): 
Bagur, M. Jose
Murcia, M. Antonia
Jimenez-Monreal, Antonia M.
Tur, Josep A.
Bibiloni, M. Mar
Alonso, Gonzalo L.
Martínez-Tome, Magdalena
Publication Title: 
Schmerz (Berlin, Germany)

INTRODUCTION: Interdisciplinary S3 level guidelines were devised in cooperation with 8 medical, 2 psychological and 2 patient support groups. Results were elaborated in a multilevel group process. METHODS: On the bases of the "Cochrane Library" (1993-2006), "Medline" (1980-2006), "PsychInfo" (2006) and "Scopus" (2006) controlled studies and meta-analyses of controlled studies were analyzed. RESULTS: Only few controlled studies were found supporting in part the effectiveness of CAM therapies in the treatment of fibromyalgia syndrome.

Author(s): 
Langhorst, J.
Häuser, W.
Irnich, D.
Speeck, N.
Felde, E.
Winkelmann, A.
Lucius, H.
Michalsen, A.
Musial, F.

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