Hospitals, University

Publication Title: 
Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift (1946)

This paper shows a model of team-work between an internal specialist and a psychiatrist or psychotherapist, which aims at fighting against addiction to nicotine. Such team-work helps to increase the rate of success. The study described in this paper was carried out in a village in the Tyrol. An instructive campaign was organized, which lasted for several years. During this campaign an internal specialist informed the population about the sequelae of nicotine addiction.

Author(s): 
Prokop, H.
Rhomberg, H. P.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

The purpose of this study was to observe the effect of the 2004 national artemisinin-based malaria treatment policy on consumption pattern of antimalarials. The study was undertaken at the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital (UITH), Nigeria. Prescription and sales data at our pharmacy outlets were gathered from January to December 2004 and compared with similar data for 2005 after policy introduction in January 2005.

Author(s): 
Mokuolu, Olugbenga A.
Okoro, Emmanuel O.
Ayetoro, Susan O.
Adewara, Amos A.
Publication Title: 
Annals of African Medicine

BACKGROUND: This study examines the diagnosis of malaria and pattern of prescription of antimalarial drugs in the most vulnerable age group (the under 5 children) in the study environment in order to identify the possible shortcomings and suggest solutions so as to improve the treatment outcome in future. METHODS: The hospital records of 430 children with malaria infection admitted for treatment in a chosen tertiary health facility between January to December 2005 were selected for study. Forty-eight case records were excluded due to incomplete information.

Author(s): 
Etuk, E. U.
Egua, M. A.
Muhammad, A. A.
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: The emergence of drug resistance is a major problem in malaria control. Combination of molecular genotyping and characterization of mutations or single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) correlated with drug resistance can provide information for subsequent surveillance of existing and developing drug resistance patterns. The introduction of artemether/lumefantrine (AL) as first-line treatment, never used before in Ethiopia, allowed the collection of baseline data of molecular polymorphisms before a selection due to AL could occur.

Author(s): 
Eshetu, Teferi
Berens-Riha, Nicole
Fekadu, Sintayehu
Tadesse, Zelalem
Gürkov, Robert
Hölscher, Michael
Löscher, Thomas
Miranda, Isabel Barreto
Publication Title: 
Praxis

Three hundred randomly selected nurses employed at the university hospital of Berne were asked by means of a questionnaire as to the application of complementary methods (CM) in patients of this hospital. 75% of the questionnaires were completed. 95% of the nursing staff indicated that they had recommended or applied CM's. The most frequently used methods being compresses, aroma therapy and homoeopathy. The members of the nursing staff, who use CM are ecology-minded, have had higher education and are nutrition conscious. CM training was found in 21%.

Author(s): 
Siegenthaler, M.
Adler, R. H.
Publication Title: 
European Addiction Research

In Spain, detoxification in general hospitals plays an important role in the medical care of patients. We aim to provide clinicians with information on the prevalence and correlates of psychiatric co-morbidity in drug abusers in detoxification. A sample of 115 substance-abuse inpatients (mean age 31.9 +/- 6.4 years) in a Detoxification Unit of a general university hospital was studied using the Spanish version of the PRISM. Most of the patients had multiple dependence diagnoses and co-morbid axis I or axis II psychiatric disorders.

Author(s): 
Nocon, Agnes
Bergé, Daniel
Astals, Mónica
Martín-Santos, Rocío
Torrens, Marta
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: Previous studies show an increased interest and usage of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in the general population and among health care workers both internationally and nationally. CAM usage is also reported to be common among surgical patients. Earlier international studies have reported that a large amount of surgical patients use it prior to and after surgery. Recent publications indicate a weak knowledge about CAM among health care workers. However the current situation in Sweden is unknown.

Author(s): 
Bjerså, Kristofer
Stener Victorin, Elisabet
Fagevik Olsén, Monika
Publication Title: 
Archives of Internal Medicine

CONTEXT: Intercessory prayer (praying for others) has been a common response to sickness for millennia, but it has received little scientific attention. The positive findings of a previous controlled trial of intercessory prayer have yet to be replicated. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether remote, intercessory prayer for hospitalized, cardiac patients will reduce overall adverse events and length of stay. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, double-blind, prospective, parallel-group trial. SETTING: Private, university-associated hospital.

Author(s): 
Harris, W. S.
Gowda, M.
Kolb, J. W.
Strychacz, C. P.
Vacek, J. L.
Jones, P. G.
Forker, A.
O'Keefe, J. H.
McCallister, B. D.
Publication Title: 
Prehospital and Disaster Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To assess the religious spirituality of EMS personnel and their perception of the spiritual needs of ambulance patients. METHODS: Emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and paramedics presenting to an urban, academic emergency department (ED) were asked to complete a three-part survey relating to demographics, personal practices, and perceived patient needs. Their responses were compared to those of ambulance patients presenting to an ED during a previous study period and administered a similar survey. RESULTS: A total of 143 EMTs and 89 paramedics returned the surveys.

Author(s): 
Jang, Timothy
Kryder, George D.
Char, Douglas
Howell, Randy
Primrose, Joseph
Tan, David
Publication Title: 
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva

The objective of this article is to evaluate the use of complementary therapies by mothers in their children. A cross-sectional and descriptive study with 202 mothers of children that attended an University Hospital were interviewed. The variables analyzed were: use of complementary therapies/reasons, therapies used its purpose, effects, doctor's revelation/reasons and doctor's reaction. The prevalence of complementary therapies use was of 87.6%.

Author(s): 
Gentil, Luiza Borges
Robles, Ana Carolina Couto
Grosseman, Suely

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