Hypnosis

Publication Title: 
European Journal of Pain (London, England)

This systematic review aimed at evaluating the efficacy, acceptability and safety of guided imagery/hypnosis (GI/H) in fibromyalgia. Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, PsycINFO and SCOPUS were screened through February 2016. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing GI/H with controls were analysed. Primary outcomes were ?50% pain relief, ?20% improvement of health-related quality of life, psychological distress, disability, acceptability and safety at end of therapy and 3-month follow-up.

Author(s): 
Zech, N.
Hansen, E.
Bernardy, K.
Häuser, W.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Studies have also shown that non-ulcer dyspepsia (NUD) patients have higher scores of anxiety, depression, neurotism, chronic tension, hostility, hypochondriasis and tendency to be more pessimistic when compared with the community controls. However, the role of psychological interventions in NUD remains uncertain.

Author(s): 
Soo, Shelly
Moayyedi, Paul
Deeks, Jonathan J.
Delaney, Brendan
Lewis, Maxine
Forman, David
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American Board of Family Practice

BACKGROUND: Although emerging evidence during the past several decades suggests that psychosocial factors can directly influence both physiologic function and health outcomes, medicine had failed to move beyond the biomedical model, in part because of lack of exposure to the evidence base supporting the biopsychosocial model. The literature was reviewed to examine the efficacy of representative psychosocial-mind-body interventions, including relaxation, (cognitive) behavioral therapies, meditation, imagery, biofeedback, and hypnosis for several common clinical conditions.

Author(s): 
Astin, John A.
Shapiro, Shauna L.
Eisenberg, David M.
Forys, Kelly L.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Managing children is a challenge that many dentists face. Many non-pharmacological techniques have been developed to manage anxiety and behavioural problems in children, such us: 'tell, show & do', positive reinforcement, modelling and hypnosis. The use of hypnosis is generally an overlooked area, hence the need for this review.

Author(s): 
Al-Harasi, Sharifa
Ashley, Paul F.
Moles, David R.
Parekh, Susan
Walters, Val
Publication Title: 
Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift Der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft

BACKGROUND: Glaucoma is currently the second most common cause of severe visual impairment and blindness worldwide. Standard pharmaceutical and surgical interventions often fail to prevent progression of glaucomatous optic neuropathy. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether adjuvantly applied self-relaxation techniques can significantly impact intraocular pressure, ocular perfusion and the overall mental state of affected patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A search of the literature was carried out and a comprehensive overview of currently available data is presented.

Author(s): 
Bertelmann, T.
Strempel, I.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Studies have also shown that non-ulcer dyspepsia (NUD) patients have higher scores of anxiety, depression, neurotism, chronic tension, hostility, hypochondriasis and tendency to be more pessimistic when compared with the community controls. However, the role of psychological interventions in NUD remains uncertain.

Author(s): 
Soo, S.
Moayyedi, P.
Deeks, J.
Delaney, B.
Lewis, M.
Forman, D.
Publication Title: 
Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Due to unsatisfactory results from conventional treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) modalities are increasingly popular treatment alternatives. Unfortunately, most CAM clinical trials have been of poor quality, and the efficacies of these therapies have not been adequately elucidated, even through systematic reviews or meta-analyses. There is also a general lack of understanding of their mechanisms of action.

Author(s): 
Wu, Justin C. Y.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology

PURPOSE: Despite widespread popular use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies, a rigorous evidence base about their efficacy for cancer-related pain is lacking. This is a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating CAM therapies for cancer-related pain. METHODS: RCTs using CAM interventions for cancer-related pain were abstracted using Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED, and Cochrane database. RESULTS: Eighteen trials were identified (eight poor, three intermediate, and seven high quality based on Jadad score), with a total of 1,499 patients.

Author(s): 
Bardia, Aditya
Barton, Debra L.
Prokop, Larry J.
Bauer, Brent A.
Moynihan, Timothy J.
Publication Title: 
Schmerz (Berlin, Germany)

Non-pharmaceutical procedures are increasingly being used in pediatric pain therapy in addition to pharmaceutical procedures and have a supporting function. This article describes the non-pharmaceutical procedures which have an influence on perioperative and posttraumatic pain in children and adolescents. Prerequisites for every adequate pain therapy are affection, imparting a feeling of security, distraction and the creation of a child-oriented environment. Topical analgesics are indicated for application to intact skin for surface anesthesia.

Author(s): 
Messerer, B.
Krauss-Stoisser, B.
Urlesberger, B.
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

OBJECTIVES: To describe the public's understanding of hypnosis and openness to hypnotherapy. METHODS: A comprehensive search of English language peer reviewed journal articles from 1st January 1996-11th March 2016 was performed over 9 databases (Medline, PubMed, PsycARTICLES, CINAHL, Embase (excerpta medica), PsychInfo, Cochrane, Science citation index-expanded, Conference citation index) and a title-only search of Google scholar.

Author(s): 
Krouwel, Matthew
Jolly, Kate
Greenfield, Sheila

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