Hypnosis

Publication Title: 
The Annals of Pharmacotherapy

OBJECTIVE: To review the pharmacology and mechanisms by which local anesthetics cause allergic reactions. Recommendations concerning appropriate use of local anesthetics and alternative therapies in patients with documented local anesthetic allergies are given. DATA SOURCE: A MEDLINE search of English-language literature identified pertinent clinical studies, case reports, and reviews. The periods of review were Med1, 1990-present, and Med2, 1985-1989, using the MeSH terms drug hypersensitivity and anesthetics. References from the selected studies, case reports, and reviews were reviewed.

Author(s): 
Eggleston, S. T.
Lush, L. W.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Gastroenterology

OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic review to determine the effectiveness of psychological interventions including psychodrama, cognitive behavioral therapy, relaxation therapy, guided imagery, or hypnosis in the improvement of dyspepsia symptoms in patients with nonulcer dyspepsia (NUD). DESIGN: Trials were identified through electronic searches of the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (CCTR), MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsycLIT, using appropriate subject headings and text words and searching bibliographies of retrieved articles.

Author(s): 
Soo, Shelly
Forman, David
Delaney, Brendan C.
Moayyedi, Paul
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Labour is a normal physiological process, but is usually associated with pain and discomfort. Numerous methods are used to relieve labour pain. These include pharmacological (e.g. epidural, opioids, inhaled analgesia) and non-pharmacological (e.g. hypnosis, acupuncture) methods of pain management. Non-opioid drugs are a pharmacological method used to control mild to moderate pain. OBJECTIVES: To summarise the evidence regarding the effects and safety of the use of non-opioid drugs to relieve pain in labour.

Author(s): 
Othman, Mohammad
Jones, Leanne
Neilson, James P.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases

Quality of life and well-being are frequently restricted in adults with neuromuscular disorders. As such, identification of appropriate interventions is imperative. The objective of this paper was to systematically review and critically appraise quantitative studies (RCTs, controlled trials and cohort studies) of psychosocial interventions designed to improve quality of life and well-being in adults with neuromuscular disorders. A systematic review of the published and unpublished literature was conducted.

Author(s): 
Walklet, Elaine
Muse, Kate
Meyrick, Jane
Moss, Tim
Publication Title: 
Archives of Sexual Behavior

Research on the treatments of premature ejaculation and psychogenic impotence is reviewed. Problems with the existing definitions of these disorders are discussed. The studies are reviewed under seven major headings: depth therapies, behavior therapies, hypnosis, drug therapy, mechanotherapy, reeducative and supportive therapies, and extensive retraining programs. Most of the studies were case reports.

Author(s): 
Kilmann, P. R.
Auerbach, R.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Studies have also shown that NUD patients have higher scores of anxiety, depression, neurotism, chronic tension, hostility, hypochondriasis, and tendency to be more pessimistic when compared with the community controls. However, the role of psychological interventions in NUD remains uncertain.

Author(s): 
Soo, S.
Moayyedi, P.
Deeks, J.
Delaney, B.
Lewis, M.
Forman, D.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Studies have also shown that NUD patients have higher scores of anxiety, depression, neurotism, chronic tension, hostility, hypochondriasis, and tendency to be more pessimistic when compared with the community controls. However, the role of psychological interventions in NUD remains uncertain.

Author(s): 
Soo, S.
Moayyedi, P.
Deeks, J.
Delaney, B.
Lewis, M.
Forman, D.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London

Allergy is an exaggerated response of the immune system to external substances. It plays a role in a wide range of diseases. In some, such as summer hayfever, the symptoms are entirely due to allergy. In other conditions, particularly asthma, eczema and urticaria, allergy plays a part in some patients but not all. In these situations, allergy may either have a major role or provide just one of many triggers. In an individual patient's illness, the importance of allergy may change with time.

Publication Title: 
Contemporary Hypnosis: The Journal of the British Society of Experimental and Clinical Hypnosis

This meta-analysis evaluates the effect of hypnosis in reducing emotional distress associated with medical procedures. PsycINFO and PubMed were searched from their inception through February 2008. Randomized controlled trials of hypnosis interventions, administered in the context of clinical medical procedures, with a distress outcome, were included in the meta-analysis (26 of 61 papers initially reviewed). Information on sample size, study methodology, participant age and outcomes were abstracted independently by 2 authors using a standardized form.

Author(s): 
Schnur, Julie B.
Kafer, Ilana
Marcus, Carolyn
Montgomery, Guy H.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Nursing

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the profile, evaluation criteria and fatigue treatment. BACKGROUND: Fatigue, characterised by tiredness, weakness or lack of energy, involves physical, cognitive and emotional aspects. Its aetiology is not well defined and the prevalence ranges from 30-70% in women with breast cancer, reaching up to 80% when they are undergoing radiotherapy. This is one of the most frequent side effects of radiotherapy, and it may interfere with self-esteem, social activities and quality of life. DESIGN: Literature systematic review.

Author(s): 
Alcântara-Silva, Tereza Raquel de M.
Freitas-Junior, Ruffo
Freitas, Nilceana M. A.
Machado, Graziela D. P.

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