Immunity, Cellular

Publication Title: 
Psychosomatic Medicine

In critically reviewing the sources of evidence connecting psyche and brain with the immune system, the authors include a brief review of current knowledge of the immune system, its interactions with the neuroendocrine system, and other factors influencing its regulation. These include developmental stages, aging, rhythmicity, and a variety of exogenous influences. The need for developing further information about normal base lines is emphasized.

Author(s): 
Rogers, M. P.
Dubey, D.
Reich, P.
Publication Title: 
Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association

This article reviews evidence for the hypothesis that psychological interventions can modulate the immune response in humans and presents a series of models depicting the psychobiological pathways through which this might occur. Although more than 85 trials have been conducted, meta-analyses reveal only modest evidence that interventions can reliably alter immune parameters. The most consistent evidence emerges from hypnosis and conditioning trials. Disclosure and stress management show scattered evidence of success. Relaxation demonstrates little capacity to elicit immune change.

Author(s): 
Miller, G. E.
Cohen, S.
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Psychophysiology: Official Journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology

The effects of self-hypnosis training on immune function and mood were examined in medical students at exam time. Hypnosis involved relaxation and imagery directed at improved immune function and increased energy, alertness and concentration. Hypotheses were made about activated and withdrawn personality differences. Eight high and eight low hypnotically susceptible participants were given 10 sessions of hypnosis, one live and nine tape-recorded, and were compared with control subjects (N=12). CD3, CD4, CD8, CD19 and CD56 NK cells and blood cortisol were assayed. Life-style, activated vs.

Author(s): 
Gruzelier, J.
Smith, F.
Nagy, A.
Henderson, D.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

Four important investigations were reported during the latter part of 2001. All address the biological impact of hypnotic interventions. Three of these studies focus specifically on if and how hypnotic interventions affect immune functions. A range of immune assays is employed, from allergic response to blood-based assays of immune functioning during nonlaboratory periods of stress. In all 3 cases, measurable shifts in immune functioning are associated with hypnotic interventions.

Author(s): 
Nash, Michael R.
Publication Title: 
British Journal of Pharmacology

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Artemisinin and its derivatives exhibit potent immunosuppressive activity. The purpose of the current study was to examine the immunosuppressive activity of artemether directly on T lymphocytes and to explore its potential mode of action. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: In vitro, T-cell proliferation was measured using [(3)H]-thymidine incorporation assay in cells stimulated with ConA, alloantigen and anti-CD3 antibody. CFSE-labeled cell division and cell cycle distribution were monitored by flow cytometry.

Author(s): 
Wang, J.-X.
Tang, W.
Shi, L.-P.
Wan, J.
Zhou, R.
Ni, J.
Fu, Y.-F.
Yang, Y.-F.
Li, Y.
Zuo, J.-P.
Publication Title: 
Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP

BACKGROUND: Patients with colorectal cancer are usually treated with chemotherapy, which reduces the number of blood cells, especially white blood cells, and consequently increases the risk of infections. Some research studies have reported that aromatherapy massage affects the immune system and improves immune function by, for example, increasing the numbers of natural killer cells and peripheral blood lymphocytes.

Author(s): 
Khiewkhern, Santisith
Promthet, Supannee
Sukprasert, Aemkhea
Eunhpinitpong, Wichai
Bradshaw, Peter
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: Maharishi Amrit Kalash (MAK) 5, one of the Ayurvedic food supplements, belongs to a group of substances known as Rasayana. MAK5 and other Rasayanas are believed to enhance the body's resistance to infections and disease, and enhance longevity. In this study, we determined the effects of administration of MAK5, one of the Ayurvedic food supplements on immune functions in young and old mice.

Author(s): 
Inaba, Ryoichi
Mirbod, Seyed Mohammad
Sugiura, Haruo
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

The immunobiological activity was investigated of certain medicinal plants widely used in the Ayurvedic and Unani systems of medicine for treatment of chronic infections and immunological disorders. The effect of an ethanolic extract of each drug was studied on delayed type hypersensitivity, humoral responses to sheep red blood cells, skin allograft rejection, and phagocytic activity of the reticuloendothelial system in mice. Picrorhiza kurroa was found to be a potent immunostimulant, stimulating both cell-mediated and humoral immunity.

Author(s): 
Atal, C. K.
Sharma, M. L.
Kaul, A.
Khajuria, A.
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: Maharishi Amrit Kalash (MAK) 5, one of the Ayurvedic food supplements, belongs to a group of substances known as Rasayana. MAK5 and other Rasayanas are believed to enhance the body's resistance to infections and disease, and enhance longevity. In this study, we determined the effects of administration of MAK5, one of the Ayurvedic food supplements on immune functions in young and old mice.

Author(s): 
Inaba, Ryoichi
Mirbod, Seyed Mohammad
Sugiura, Haruo
Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Experimental Biology

Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standley fruit (bottle gourd), a commonly used vegetable in India is described as cardiotonic and as a general tonic in Ayurveda. Keeping in view the presence of free radical scavenging activity in L. siceraria and involvement of free radicals in the development of various disorders, present studies were designed to evaluate the ethanolic extract of L. siceraria fruit against the disorders where free radicals play a major role in pathogenesis.

Author(s): 
Deshpande, J. R.
Choudhari, A. A.
Mishra, M. R.
Meghre, V. S.
Wadodkar, S. G.
Dorle, A. K.

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