Intubation, Gastrointestinal

Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Nursing

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the impact of a standardized protocol to maintain nasoenteral tube (NET) patency in patients requiring fluid restriction and identify factors associated with tube patency. BACKGROUND: Nasoenteral tube obstruction may interrupt nutritional support and prohibit drug administration. Balancing NET patency in the context of fluid restriction can be a challenge. DESIGN AND METHODS: The impact of the standardized protocol was assessed by using a quasi-experimental design and an historical control.

Author(s): 
Matsuba, Claudia St
De Gutiérrez, Maria Gr
Whitaker, Iveth Y.
Publication Title: 
International Immunopharmacology

The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms of action of Dihydroarteannuin (DHA), a semi-synthesized agent from the starting material artemisinin extracted from the Chinese Traditional Herbs Artemisia annua, on ameliorating the symptoms of lupus on BXSB mice. The concentration of TNF-alpha in the culture supernatant of the peritoneal macrophages and in the sera of BXSB mice was determined by the ELISA method. NF-kappaB protein expression and translocation were assayed by the EMSA method and laser confocal scanning microscopy method, respectively.

Author(s): 
Li, Wei-dong
Dong, Yan-jun
Tu, You-you
Lin, Zhi-bin
Publication Title: 
Integrative Cancer Therapies

BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is a common side effect following chemoradiation therapy (CRT) in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). METHODS: In this retrospective case series, 10 patients with HNC were treated with acupuncture for radiation-induced dysphagia and xerostomia. All patients were diagnosed with stage III/IV squamous cell carcinoma. In all, 7 of 10 patients were percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube dependent when they began acupuncture. Manual acupuncture and electroacupuncture were used once a week.

Author(s): 
Lu, Weidong
Posner, Marshall R.
Wayne, Peter
Rosenthal, David S.
Haddad, Robert I.
Publication Title: 
National Toxicology Program Technical Report Series

Androstenedione is an androgen steroid that is normally synthesized within men and women and may be metabolized to a more potent androgen or estrogen hormone. It was nominated to the National Toxicology Program for study due to concern for adverse health effects associated with its chronic use as a dietary supplement by athletes (prior to the banning of its over the counter sales). In order to evaluate its subchronic and chronic toxicity, male and female F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice were administered androstenedione (98% pure) by gavage for 2 weeks, 3 months, or 2 years.

Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Influence of intragastric formula infusion rate on resting thermogenesis was evaluated in 24 healthy subjects. Metabolic rate (M) was measured by indirect calorimetry following an overnight fast. Subgroups then received a continuous intragastric infusion of a formula diet at three levels: submaintenance (mean +/- SEM, 1.02 +/- 0.04 times fasting M, n = 6), maintenance (1.39 +/- 0.01 times fasting M, n = 20), or supramaintenance (2.77 +/- 0.2 times fasting M, n = 14). Formula inflow was started in the evening, and intraprandial M was measured throughout the following day.

Author(s): 
Heymsfield, S. B.
Hill, J. O.
Evert, M.
Casper, K.
DiGirolamo, M.
Publication Title: 
Integrative Cancer Therapies

BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is a common side effect following chemoradiation therapy (CRT) in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). METHODS: In this retrospective case series, 10 patients with HNC were treated with acupuncture for radiation-induced dysphagia and xerostomia. All patients were diagnosed with stage III/IV squamous cell carcinoma. In all, 7 of 10 patients were percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube dependent when they began acupuncture. Manual acupuncture and electroacupuncture were used once a week.

Author(s): 
Lu, Weidong
Posner, Marshall R.
Wayne, Peter
Rosenthal, David S.
Haddad, Robert I.
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