The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Most malaria endemic regions are co-infested with HIV infection. Treatment of one may affect outcome of the other in co-infected individuals. HIV protease inhibitors, indinavir or nelfinavir, are important antiretroviral drugs and artemisinin is central to malaria treatment. We show these protease inhibitors augment the antimalarial activity of artemisinin against P. falciparum in vitro.
To improve prognosis in recurrent glioblastoma we developed a treatment protocol based on a combination of drugs not traditionally thought of as cytotoxic chemotherapy agents but that have a robust history of being well-tolerated and are already marketed and used for other non-cancer indications.
HIV protease inhibitors (HIV PI) reduce morbidity and mortality of HIV infection but cause multiple untoward effects. Because certain HIV PI evoke production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and volume-sensitive Cl(-) current (I(Cl,swell)) is activated by ROS, we tested whether HIV PI stimulate I(Cl,swell) in ventricular myocytes. Ritonavir and lopinavir elicited outwardly rectifying Cl(-) currents under isosmotic conditions that were abolished by the selective I(Cl,swell)-blocker DCPIB.