Northern Ireland

Publication Title: 
Age (Dordrecht, Netherlands)

Mitochondria produce cellular energy but also free-radicals, which damage cells despite an array of endogenous anti-oxidants. In Northern Europe, the mitochondrial haplogroup J has been related to longevity in nonagenarians and centenarians but also with age-related disease. Hypertension is an important contributor to atherosclerotic-related diseases and its pathogenesis is associated with increased oxidative stress.

Author(s): 
Rea, Irene Maeve
McNerlan, Susan E.
Archbold, G. Pooler
Middleton, Derek
Curran, Martin D.
Young, Ian S.
Ross, Owen A.
Publication Title: 
Family Planning Perspectives

A survey of the attitudes and practices of general practitioners in Northern Ireland regarding contraception and abortion was carried out in 1994 and 1995 with a randomized sample of 154 physicians. The vast majority of doctors who received requests for contraceptives from their patients fulfilled those request (94%). Overall, 13% of the doctors said a married patient had requested an abortion in the past three months, and 34% had had a similar request from an unmarried patient.

Author(s): 
Francome, C.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Health Services Research & Policy

OBJECTIVE: There is concern about whether public services in Northern Ireland are equitably targeted across the religious divide. This study investigates whether use of acute hospital inpatient services differs by religious denomination, after adjusting for supply and for identified demographic, morbidity and socio-economic determinants of need for such services. METHODS: Hospital utilisation at small area level was modelled against a wide range of potential health and socioeconomic factors.

Author(s): 
Jamison, Jim
O'Reilly, Dermot
Carr-Hill, Roy
Stevenson, Mike
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

There has been little recent research in Europe exploring the relationship between religion and health. In Northern Ireland previous analysis has tended to divide the population dichotomously as Catholic and Protestant, ignoring the diversity inherent in the Protestant community. This study used a census-based longitudinal study of the enumerated population with five-years follow-up (covering the period 2001-2006) to examine variation in overall and cause-specific mortality by religious affiliation within Northern Ireland.

Author(s): 
O'Reilly, Dermot
Rosato, Michael
Publication Title: 
Journal of Religion and Health

This study extends previous research concerning the association between religion and psychological health in six ways: (1) by focusing clearly on religious attendance (church attendance); (2) by employing a robust measure of psychological distress (GHQ-12); (3) by studying a highly religious culture (Northern Ireland); (4) by taking sex differences into account (male or female); (5) by taking denominational differences into account (Catholic or Protestant); (6) and by obtaining a national representative sample (N†=†4,281 adults aged 16 and above).

Author(s): 
Lewis, Christopher Alan
Shevlin, Mark
Francis, Leslie J.
Quigley, Catherine F.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Religion and Health

Research has shown that individuals with a current religious affiliation are more likely to use preventive health services. The aim of this study was to determine whether breast screening uptake in Northern Ireland is higher amongst women with a current affiliation to an organised religion and, for those with no current affiliation, to examine whether their religion of upbringing is associated with uptake of breast screening.

Author(s): 
O'Reilly, Dermot
Kinnear, Heather
Rosato, Michael
Mairs, Adrian
Hall, Clare
Publication Title: 
Journal of Religion and Health

Religion plays a pivotal role in intergroup and interpersonal relationships in Northern Ireland, and individuals traditionally marry within their own religious group. However, 'mixed' marriages between Catholics and Protestants do occur and present an interesting, yet under researched, dynamic within this divided society. Both religion and committed relationships have been associated with physical and psychological health, but little is known about how divergence in religious beliefs within relationships impacts on health.

Author(s): 
McAloney, Kareena
Publication Title: 
Journal of Adolescence

This paper examined the association between membership in profiles based on a shortened form of the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI-S; McKay, Andretta, McGee, & Worrell, 2014) and other temporal and psychosocial variables. Participants consisted of 1620 adolescents attending high school in Northern Ireland. ZTPI-S scores had correlations with other temporal and psychosocial variables that were similar to those reported for ZTPI scores in previous studies.

Author(s): 
Worrell, Frank C.
McKay, Michael T.
Andretta, James R.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences

This article examines the Steinach rejuvenation operation (a vasectomy) which Norman Haire performed on W. B. Yeats in 1934: while this method is now discredited, many others are still used in similar attempts to "cure" old age and restore youthful vitality.

Author(s): 
Wyndham, Diana
Publication Title: 
Journal of Marital and Family Therapy

This study investigated how men and women perceive online and offline sexual and emotional infidelity. Undergraduates from a large university in Northern Ireland participated in the study. It was found that men, when forced to decide, were more upset by sexual infidelity and women by emotional infidelity. It was also found that men were more likely to believe that women have sex when in love and that women believe that men have sex even when they are not in love.

Author(s): 
Whitty, Monica T.
Quigley, Laura-Lee

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