Overweight

Publication Title: 
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: eCAM

Yoga, a form of physical activity, is rapidly gaining in popularity and has many health benefits. Yet healthcare providers have been slow to recognize yoga for its ability to improve health conditions, and few interventions have been developed that take full advantage of its benefits. The purpose of this article is to review published studies using yoga programs and to determine the effect of yoga interventions on common risk factors of chronic diseases (overweight, hypertension, high glucose level and high cholesterol).

Author(s): 
Yang, Kyeongra
Publication Title: 
Preventive Medicine

INTRODUCTION: Overweight and obesity are among the most important modifiable risk factors for chronic diseases and premature death. The aim of this review was to systematically assess and analyze the effects of yoga on weight-related outcomes. METHODS: Medline/PubMed, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library were screened through March 2015 for randomized controlled trials on yoga for weight-related outcomes in the general population or overweight/obese individuals.

Author(s): 
Lauche, Romy
Langhorst, Jost
Lee, Myeong Soo
Dobos, Gustav
Cramer, Holger
Publication Title: 
Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of mindfulness-based interventions on psychological and physical health outcomes in adults who are overweight or obese. METHODS: We searched 14 electronic databases for randomized controlled trials and prospective cohort studies that met eligibility criteria. Comprehensive Meta-analysis software was used to compute the effect size estimate Hedge's g. RESULTS: Fifteen studies measuring post-treatment outcomes of mindfulness-based interventions in 560 individuals were identified. The average weight loss was 4.2?kg.

Author(s): 
Rogers, Jeffrey M.
Ferrari, Madeleine
Mosely, Kylie
Lang, Cathryne P.
Brennan, Leah
Publication Title: 
Psychosomatic Medicine

OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness training has been incorporated increasingly into weight loss programs to facilitate dietary and physical activity changes. This systematic review of studies using mindfulness-based programs for weight loss evaluated study methodologies with the goal of determining the current evidence in support of mindfulness interventions for weight loss. METHODS: Published studies of mindfulness-based interventions for weight loss were identified through systematic review including a comprehensive search of online databases.

Author(s): 
Olson, KayLoni L.
Emery, Charles F.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Chinese Medicine

Obesity is an epidemic health hazard associated with many medical conditions. Lifestyle interventions are foundational to the successful management of obesity. However, the body's adaptive biological responses counteract patients' desire to restrict food and energy intake, leading to weight regain. As a complementary and alternative medical approach, acupuncture therapy is widely used for weight control. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of acupuncture treatment alone and in combination with lifestyle modification.

Author(s): 
Fang, Sijia
Wang, Miao
Zheng, Yiyuan
Zhou, Shigao
Ji, Guang
Publication Title: 
Collegium Antropologicum

The aim of this study was to provide an overview of the exceptional longevity patterns in Croatia. The prevalence of nonagenarians (aged 90 years or more) and centenarians (100 years or more) was calculated from the 1953-2001 census data. The data were analyzed with chi-square test and trend analysis. The results indicate steady and significant increasing trends in both age groups, more pronounced in women.

Author(s): 
Masanovi?, Marija
Sogori?, Selma
Kolci?, Ivana
Curi?, Ivo
Smoljanovi?, Ankica
Rami?, Senad
Cala, Matija
Polasek, Ozren
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

OBJECTIVES: To assess lifestyle factors including physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption, and dietary habits in men and women with exceptional longevity. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: A cohort of community-dwelling Ashkenazi Jewish individuals with exceptional longevity defined as survival and living independently at age 95 and older.

Author(s): 
Rajpathak, Swapnil N.
Liu, Yingheng
Ben-David, Orit
Reddy, Saritha
Atzmon, Gil
Crandall, Jill
Barzilai, Nir
Publication Title: 
JAMA: the journal of the American Medical Association

CONTEXT: Prolonged calorie restriction increases life span in rodents. Whether prolonged calorie restriction affects biomarkers of longevity or markers of oxidative stress, or reduces metabolic rate beyond that expected from reduced metabolic mass, has not been investigated in humans. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of 6 months of calorie restriction, with or without exercise, in overweight, nonobese (body mass index, 25 to <30) men and women.

Author(s): 
Heilbronn, Leonie K.
de Jonge, Lilian
Frisard, Madlyn I.
DeLany, James P.
Larson-Meyer, D. Enette
Rood, Jennifer
Nguyen, Tuong
Martin, Corby K.
Volaufova, Julia
Most, Marlene M.
Greenway, Frank L.
Smith, Steven R.
Deutsch, Walter A.
Williamson, Donald A.
Ravussin, Eric
Pennington CALERIE Team
Publication Title: 
Rejuvenation Research

BACKGROUND: Calorie restriction increases longevity in many organisms, and calorie restriction or its mimetic might increase longevity in humans. It is unclear if calorie restriction/dieting contributes to cognitive impairment. During this randomized controlled trial, the effect of 6 months of calorie restriction on cognitive functioning was tested.

Author(s): 
Martin, Corby K.
Anton, Stephen D.
Han, Hongmei
York-Crowe, Emily
Redman, Leanne M.
Ravussin, Eric
Williamson, Donald A.
Publication Title: 
Archives of Internal Medicine

BACKGROUND: Calorie restriction (CR) is promoted to increase longevity, yet this regimen could lead to bone loss and fracture and therefore affect quality of life. METHODS: Forty-six individuals were randomized to 4 groups for 6 months: (1) healthy diet (control group); (2) 25% CR from baseline energy requirements (CR group); (3) 25% energy deficit by a combination of CR and increased aerobic exercise (CR + EX group); and (4) low-calorie diet (890 kcal/d; goal, 15% weight loss) followed by weight maintenance (LCD group).

Author(s): 
Redman, Leanne M.
Rood, Jennifer
Anton, Stephen D.
Champagne, Catherine
Smith, Steven R.
Ravussin, Eric
Pennington Comprehensive Assessment of Long-Term Effects of Reducing Intake of Energy (CALERIE) Research Team

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