Pakistan

Publication Title: 
BMJ open

OBJECTIVES: Optimal control of type 2 diabetes is challenging in many patient populations including in South Asian patients. We systematically reviewed studies on the effect of diabetes management interventions targeted at South Asian patients with type 2 diabetes on glycaemic control. DESIGN: Systematic review of MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL databases for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and pre-post-test studies (January 1990 to February 2014). Studies were stratified by where interventions were conducted (South Asia vs Western countries).

Author(s): 
Bhurji, N.
Javer, J.
Gasevic, D.
Khan, N. A.
Publication Title: 
BMJ open

OBJECTIVES: Optimal control of type 2 diabetes is challenging in many patient populations including in South Asian patients. We systematically reviewed studies on the effect of diabetes management interventions targeted at South Asian patients with type 2 diabetes on glycaemic control. DESIGN: Systematic review of MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL databases for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and pre-post-test studies (January 1990 to February 2014). Studies were stratified by where interventions were conducted (South Asia vs Western countries).

Author(s): 
Bhurji, N.
Javer, J.
Gasevic, D.
Khan, N. A.
Publication Title: 
Zeitschrift Fur Naturforschung. C, Journal of Biosciences

Thirty-seven plant organs, traditionally used as drugs, collected in Pakistan, were extracted with 70% acetone and analyzed for their total phenolics concentration and antioxidant potential. Seven extracts showed more than 85% inhibition of lipid peroxidation in vitro as compared with blank. Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) (IC50 = 233.6 microg/l +/- 28.3) was the strongest antioxidant in our test system. The IC50 results indicate that the extracts of Nymphaea lotus L. flowers, Acacia nilotica (Linn.) Delile beans, Terminalia belerica Roxb. fruits, and Terminalia chebula Retz.

Author(s): 
Saleem, A.
Ahotupa, M.
Pihlaja, K.
Publication Title: 
Pakistan journal of biological sciences: PJBS

Ethnobotanical knowledge is one of the precious cultural heritage parts of an area that involves the interaction between plants and people and foremost among these are the management of plant diversity by indigenous communities and the traditional use of medicinal plants. An ethnobotanical analysis was conducted in order to document the traditional medicinal uses of plants, particularly medicinally important folklore food phytonims of flora of Samahni valley, Azad Kashmir (Pakistan).

Author(s): 
Ishtiaq, Muhammad
Hanif, Wajahat
Khan, M. A.
Ashraf, M.
Butt, Ansar M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with gastritis, peptic ulcer, and gastric cancer. Due to its high global prevalence and uprising resistance to available antibiotics, efforts are now directed to identify alternative source to treat and prevent associated disorders.

Author(s): 
Zaidi, Syed Faisal
Muhammad, Jibran Sualeh
Shahryar, Saeeda
Usmanghani, Khan
Gilani, Anwarul-Hassan
Jafri, Wasim
Sugiyama, Toshiro
Publication Title: 
BMC pregnancy and childbirth

BACKGROUND: According to the Office for National Statistics, approximately a quarter of women giving birth in England and Wales are from minority ethnic groups. Previous work has indicated that these women have poorer pregnancy outcomes than White women and poorer experience of maternity care, sometimes encountering stereotyping and racism. The aims of this study were to examine service use and perceptions of care in ethnic minority women from different groups compared to White women. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data from a survey of women in 2010 was undertaken.

Author(s): 
Henderson, Jane
Gao, Haiyan
Redshaw, Maggie
Publication Title: 
Diabetic Medicine: A Journal of the British Diabetic Association

AIMS: To explore Pakistani and Indian patients' experiences of, and views about, diabetes services in order to inform the development of culturally sensitive services. DESIGN: Qualitative, interview study involving 23 Pakistani and nine Indian patients with Type 2 diabetes recruited from general practices and the local community in Edinburgh, Scotland. Data collection and analysis occurred concurrently and recruitment continued until no new themes emerged from the interviews.

Author(s): 
Lawton, J.
Ahmad, N.
Hanna, L.
Douglas, M.
Hallowell, N.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Advanced Nursing

This paper reports on semi-structured interviews with 114 Pakistani nurses. This sample comes from a larger long-term study examining the impact of advanced training in Canada on the lives and careers of nurses and lady health visitors from Pakistan. The data reported here were drawn from the first interview with all nurses, and focuses on how and why they chose a career in nursing. Demographically, the respondents (Rs) were more urban and more highly educated than the average Pakistani woman.

Author(s): 
French, S. E.
Watters, D.
Matthews, D. R.
Publication Title: 
BMC research notes

BACKGROUND: An increased interest in professionalism has been reported in the field of medical education due to concerns regarding deterioration of humanism and professional values in the teaching and practice of medicine. The primary aim of this study was to assess attitudes of Pakistani and Pakistani heritage students at a medical college in Pakistan about important elements of professionalism that an ideal medical doctor should possess. A further objective of the study was to determine students' preferred ways of learning professionalism.

Author(s): 
Akhund, Saima
Shaikh, Zulfiqar Ali
Ali, Syed Arif
Publication Title: 
Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan: JCPSP

OBJECTIVE: To explore the undergraduate dental students' insight of their professionalism development through Focus Group Discussions (FGD). STUDY DESIGN: Constructivist approach using qualitative phenomenological design. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Fatima Memorial Hospital, College of Dentistry, Lahore, from April to June 2011.

Author(s): 
Ashar, Abid
Ahmad, Amina

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