Patients

Publication Title: 
Journal of General Internal Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To identify the preferences and concerns of seriously ill patients about discussing religious and spiritual beliefs with physicians. DESIGN: Three focus group discussions with patients who had experienced a recent life-threatening illness. Discussions were audiotaped, transcribed verbatim, and reviewed independently by two investigators to identify discrete comments for grouping into domains. A third investigator adjudicated differences in opinion. Comments were then independently reviewed for relevance and consistency by a health services researcher and a pastoral counselor.

Author(s): 
Hebert, R. S.
Jenckes, M. W.
Ford, D. E.
O'Connor, D. R.
Cooper, L. A.
Publication Title: 
Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences

This research considers the impact of having a religious faith on the cancer experience of patients and informal carers, focusing primarily on the association between faith and psychosocial needs. A questionnaire survey of 1000 patients in the north-west of England returned 402 completed questionnaires; around two-thirds of patients indicated they had an informal carer.

Author(s): 
Soothill, K.
Morris, S. M.
Harman, J. C.
Thomas, C.
Francis, B.
McIllmurray, M. B.
Publication Title: 
Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences

This research considers the impact of having a religious faith on the cancer experience of patients and informal carers, focusing primarily on the association between faith and psychosocial needs. A questionnaire survey of 1000 patients in the north-west of England returned 402 completed questionnaires; around two-thirds of patients indicated they had an informal carer.

Author(s): 
Soothill, K.
Morris, S. M.
Harman, J. C.
Thomas, C.
Francis, B.
McIllmurray, M. B.
Publication Title: 
Archives of Internal Medicine

BACKGROUND: Knowledge of physician attitudes and preferences regarding religion and spirituality in the medical encounter is limited by the nonspecific questions asked in previous studies and by the omission of specialties other than family practice. This study was designed to determine the willingness of internists and family physicians to be involved with varying degrees of spiritual behaviors in varied clinical settings.

Author(s): 
Monroe, Michael H.
Bynum, Deborah
Susi, Beth
Phifer, Nancy
Schultz, Linda
Franco, Mark
MacLean, Charles D.
Cykert, Sam
Garrett, Joanne
Publication Title: 
Archives of Internal Medicine

BACKGROUND: Knowledge of physician attitudes and preferences regarding religion and spirituality in the medical encounter is limited by the nonspecific questions asked in previous studies and by the omission of specialties other than family practice. This study was designed to determine the willingness of internists and family physicians to be involved with varying degrees of spiritual behaviors in varied clinical settings.

Author(s): 
Monroe, Michael H.
Bynum, Deborah
Susi, Beth
Phifer, Nancy
Schultz, Linda
Franco, Mark
MacLean, Charles D.
Cykert, Sam
Garrett, Joanne
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

Though spirituality can help patients cope with illness, several studies have suggested that physicians view spirituality differently than do patients. These issues have not been systematically investigated among doctors who become patients, and who may be able to shed critical light on this area. We interviewed fifty doctors from major urban US centers who had become patients due to serious illnesses about their experiences and views relating to religion and spirituality before and after diagnosis, and we explore the range of issues that emerged.

Author(s): 
Klitzman, Robert L.
Daya, Shaira
Publication Title: 
Journal of Health Psychology

To address the inconsistent findings and based on Hegel's dialectic contradictive principle, this study tested a parallel mediation model that may underlie the association of using prayer for coping with cardiac surgery outcomes. Three sequential interviews were conducted with 310 patients who underwent open-heart surgery. A structural equation model demonstrated that optimism mediated the favorable effect of prayer coping. Prayer coping was also related to preoperative stress symptoms, which had a counterbalance effect on outcomes.

Author(s): 
Ai, Amy L.
Peterson, Christopher
Tice, Terrence N.
Huang, Bu
Rodgers, Willard
Bolling, Steven F.
Publication Title: 
Archives of Ophthalmology

OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of religion and spirituality as a component of ophthalmology patients' value systems. METHODS: A brief questionnaire distributed to 124 consecutive patients was self-administered by the patient and was collected without identifier so that participants could be assured that answers would not affect their care. The main outcome measure was the prevalence of religious and spiritual beliefs and behaviors in ophthalmology patients. RESULTS: The sample was predominantly Christian (76.6%).

Author(s): 
Magyar-Russell, Gina
Fosarelli, Patricia
Taylor, Holly
Finkelstein, Daniel
Publication Title: 
The journal of pastoral care & counseling: JPCC

This article gives an account of a person who had memory impairment and received pastoral care, with an emphasis on pastoral needs and prayer. The author provides a first-hand account addressing both sides of the pastoral care interaction. She experienced years of memory impairment comparable to mild to moderate Alzheimer's Disease. Now, however, she is a seminarian.

Author(s): 
Sanborne, Erika L.
Publication Title: 
Tumori

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Spiritual life can be defined as the search for personal contact with the transcendent. Careful assessment of spiritual life can help to value its importance to cancer patients from the moment of their diagnosis. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. Two hundred fifty-seven patients undergoing cancer treatment filled in the validated Italian version of the Systems of Belief Inventory (SBI-15R).

Author(s): 
Miccinesi, Guido
Proserpio, Tullio
Pessi, Maria Adelaide
Maruelli, Alice
Bonacchi, Andrea
Borreani, Claudia
Ripamonti, Carla

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