Phobic Disorders

Publication Title: 
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences = Hua Zhong Ke Ji Da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ying De Wen Ban = Huazhong Keji Daxue Xuebao. Yixue Yingdewen Ban

To get formed of the status of research and application of the domestic behavior therapy and its development trend, the time distribution and the subject distribution were bibliometrically analyzed of the literature on behavior therapy from 1981 to 2000 in the CBMdisc. Our results showed that the number of literature of behavior therapy has been increasing in exponential manner over the past 20 years; the behavior modification, the biofeedback and the cognitive therapy are extensively used in China.

Author(s): 
Zhao, Shanming
Neng, Changhua
Wu, Hanrong
Publication Title: 
The Medical Journal of Australia

OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on the comparative efficacy of psychological, behavioural and medical therapies for acrophobia (fear of heights). DATA SOURCES: Multiple databases were searched through the Cochrane Common Mental Disorders review group on 1 December 2015. DATA SYNTHESIS: The data were extracted independently and were pooled using RevMan version 5.3.5.

Author(s): 
Arroll, Bruce
Wallace, Henry B.
Mount, Vicki
Humm, Stephen P.
Kingsford, Douglas W.
Publication Title: 
Cancer Nursing

BACKGROUND: The emotion of disgust appears to promote psychological and behavioral avoidance, a dynamic that has significant implications in physical and psychological outcomes in colorectal cancer (CRC). Patients, caregivers, and health professionals alike are all potentially susceptible to responding with disgust and the associated avoidance. OBJECTIVE: This article aimed to review the early-stage literature related to disgust and CRC, consider the clinical implications, and suggest an appropriate research agenda.

Author(s): 
Reynolds, Lisa M.
Consedine, Nathan S.
Pizarro, David A.
Bissett, Ian P.
Publication Title: 
International Clinical Psychopharmacology

To our knowledge, no previous meta-analysis has attempted to compare the efficacy of pharmacological, psychological and combined treatments for the three main anxiety disorders (panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder and social phobia). Pre-post and treated versus control effect sizes (ES) were calculated for all evaluable randomized-controlled studies (n = 234), involving 37,333 patients.

Author(s): 
Bandelow, Borwin
Reitt, Markus
Röver, Christian
Michaelis, Sophie
Görlich, Yvonne
Wedekind, Dirk
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis

Systematic desensitization and hypnosis mediated therapy share empirical evidence of efficacy in the treatment of specific phobias. However, a review of the literature indicated there is limited documentation in the employment of these modalities for treating driving related phobias (DRP). This article reports on the use of hypnosis aided systematic desensitization (HASD) in the successful treatment of a case of non-accident related driving phobia, specifically manifested on Interstate 95 (I-95).

Author(s): 
Iglesias, Alex
Iglesias, Alex
Iglesias, Adam
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

Clinical hypnosis in cancer settings provides symptom reduction (pain and anxiety) and empowers patients to take an active role in their treatments and procedures. The goal of this paper is to systematically and critically review evidence on the effectiveness of hypnotherapy for emesis, analgesia, and anxiolysis in acute pain, specifically in procedures with an emphasis on the period from 1999 to 2006. Further, it aims to provide a theoretical rationale for the use of hypnosis with cancer populations in the whole spectrum of illness/treatment trajectory in several clinical contexts.

Author(s): 
Néron, Sylvain
Stephenson, Randolph
Publication Title: 
Presse Medicale (Paris, France: 1983)

OBJECTIVE: Hypnosis is classically presented as a useful psychotherapy for various psychiatric conditions, especially in the field of stress and anxiety. However, its place in therapeutic of chronic anxiety disorders remains unclear and questioned. Thus, the goal of this systematic review was to analyse the papers reporting clinical data on the efficacy of hypnosis in anxiety disorders.

Author(s): 
Pelissolo, Antoine
Publication Title: 
Pharmacology & Therapeutics

Pathological fear and anxiety are highly debilitating and, despite considerable advances in psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy they remain insufficiently treated in many patients with PTSD, phobias, panic and other anxiety disorders.

Author(s): 
Singewald, N.
Schmuckermair, C.
Whittle, N.
Holmes, A.
Ressler, K. J.
Publication Title: 
Neurology

OBJECTIVE: To examine the epigenetic basis of psychiatric symptoms and dysexecutive impairments in FMR1 premutation (PM: 55 to 199 CGG repeats) women. METHODS: A total of 35 FMR1 PM women aged between 22 and 55 years and 35 age- and IQ-matched women controls (CGG <45) participated in this study. All participants completed a range of executive function tests and self-reported symptoms of psychiatric disorders.

Author(s): 
Cornish, Kim M.
Kraan, Claudine M.
Bui, Quang Minh
Bellgrove, Mark A.
Metcalfe, Sylvia A.
Trollor, Julian N.
Hocking, Darren R.
Slater, Howard R.
Inaba, Yoshimi
Li, Xin
Archibald, Alison D.
Turbitt, Erin
Cohen, Jonathan
Godler, David E.
Publication Title: 
Current Opinion in Psychiatry

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review aims to deliver a systematic overview of current developments and trends in (epi)genetics of anxiety and to identify upcoming challenges and opportunities. RECENT FINDINGS: Genes related to peptide and hormone signaling have been suggested for anxiety-related phenotypes, e.g., the NPSR1 gene, which has been associated predominantly with panic disorder in women, and shown to interact with environmental factors and to influence psychometric, neurophysiological, and neuroimaging correlates of anxiety.

Author(s): 
Gottschalk, Michael G.
Domschke, Katharina

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