Physical Therapy Modalities

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Non-surgical treatment, including exercises and mobilisation, has been offered to people experiencing mild to moderate symptoms arising from carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). However, the effectiveness and duration of benefit from exercises and mobilisation for this condition remain unknown. OBJECTIVES: To review the efficacy and safety of exercise and mobilisation interventions compared with no treatment, a placebo or another non-surgical intervention in people with CTS.

Author(s): 
Page, Matthew J.
O'Connor, Denise
Pitt, Veronica
Massy-Westropp, Nicola
Publication Title: 
PM & R: the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation

OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical and demographic characteristics of individuals self-selecting yoga or physical therapy (PT) for treatment of chronic low back pain (cLBP) and to examine predictors of short-term pain and functional outcomes. DESIGN: Descriptive, longitudinal study. SETTINGS: A hospital-based clinic that offers modified integral yoga classes for cLBP and 2 outpatient PT clinics that offer exercise-based PT. PARTICIPANTS: Adults (n=53) with cLBP?12 weeks: yoga (n=27), PT (n=26). METHODS: Yoga participants attended a 6-week, once weekly, 2-hour yoga class.

Author(s): 
Evans, Dian Dowling
Carter, Michael
Panico, Richard
Kimble, Laura
Morlock, Jennifer T.
Spears, Manjula Judith
Publication Title: 
Journal of Physiotherapy

QUESTION: In women with primary dysmenorrhoea, what is the effect of physiotherapeutic interventions compared to control (either no treatment or placebo/sham) on pain and quality of life? DESIGN: Systematic review of randomised trials with meta-analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Women with primary dysmenorrhea. INTERVENTION: Any form of physiotherapy treatment. OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was menstrual pain intensity and the secondary outcome was quality of life. RESULTS: The search yielded 222 citations. Of these, 11 were eligible randomised trials and were included in the review.

Author(s): 
Kannan, Priya
Claydon, Leica Sarah
Publication Title: 
Disability and Rehabilitation

PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to summarise the evidence from randomised controlled trials examining the effectiveness of physical therapy compared with care as usual or a wait-list condition on eating pathology and on physiological and psychological parameters in patients with anorexia and bulimia nervosa. METHOD: EMBASE, PsycINFO, PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Physiotherapy Evidence Database and The Cochrane Library were searched from their inception until February, 2013.

Author(s): 
Vancampfort, Davy
Vanderlinden, Johan
De Hert, Marc
Soundy, Andrew
Adámkova, Milena
Skjaerven, Liv Helvik
Catalán-Matamoros, Daniel
Lundvik Gyllensten, Amanda
Gómez-Conesa, Antonia
Probst, Michel
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Neck pain is common, disabling and costly. Exercise is one treatment approach. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of exercises to improve pain, disability, function, patient satisfaction, quality of life and global perceived effect in adults with neck pain. SEARCH METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, MANTIS, ClinicalTrials.gov and three other computerized databases up to between January and May 2014 plus additional sources (reference checking, citation searching, contact with authors).

Author(s): 
Gross, Anita
Kay, Theresa M.
Paquin, Jean-Philippe
Blanchette, Samuel
Lalonde, Patrick
Christie, Trevor
Dupont, Genevieve
Graham, Nadine
Burnie, Stephen J.
Gelley, Geoff
Goldsmith, Charles H.
Forget, Mario
Hoving, Jan L.
Brønfort, Gert
Santaguida, Pasqualina L.
Cervical Overview Group
Publication Title: 
Annals of Internal Medicine

Background: A 2007 American College of Physicians guideline addressed nonpharmacologic treatment options for low back pain. New evidence is now available. Purpose: To systematically review the current evidence on nonpharmacologic therapies for acute or chronic nonradicular or radicular low back pain. Data Sources: Ovid MEDLINE (January 2008 through February 2016), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and reference lists.

Author(s): 
Chou, Roger
Deyo, Richard
Friedly, Janna
Skelly, Andrea
Hashimoto, Robin
Weimer, Melissa
Fu, Rochelle
Dana, Tracy
Kraegel, Paul
Griffin, Jessica
Grusing, Sara
Brodt, Erika D.
Publication Title: 
Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pain is a significant concern in people with chronic wounds. A systematized approach is recommended for the management of wound-associated pain with the objectives to address pain relief, increase function, and restore overall quality of life. RECENT FINDINGS: Combinations of pharmacological agents are often recommended based on varying degree of pain severity, coexisting nociceptive and neuropathic pain, and chronic inflammation related to wound-associated pain.

Author(s): 
Woo, Kevin Y.
Abbott, Laura K.
Librach, Lawrence
Publication Title: 
Annals of Internal Medicine

Description: The American College of Physicians (ACP) developed this guideline to present the evidence and provide clinical recommendations on noninvasive treatment of low back pain. Methods: Using the ACP grading system, the committee based these recommendations on a systematic review of randomized, controlled trials and systematic reviews published through April 2015 on noninvasive pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments for low back pain. Updated searches were performed through November 2016.

Author(s): 
Qaseem, Amir
Wilt, Timothy J.
McLean, Robert M.
Forciea, Mary Ann
Clinical Guidelines Committee of the American College of Physicians
Publication Title: 
Manual Therapy

BACKGROUND: Neck pain (NP) is disabling and costly. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of exercise on pain, disability, function, patient satisfaction, quality of life (QoL) and global perceived effect (GPE) in adults with NP. METHODS: We searched computerised databases up to May 2014 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing exercise to a control in adults with NP with/without cervicogenic headache (CGH) or radiculopathy. Two reviewers independently conducted selection, data abstraction and assessed risk of bias.

Author(s): 
Gross, A. R.
Paquin, J. P.
Dupont, G.
Blanchette, S.
Lalonde, P.
Cristie, T.
Graham, N.
Kay, T. M.
Burnie, S. J.
Gelley, G.
Goldsmith, C. H.
Forget, M.
Santaguida, P. L.
Yee, A. J.
Radisic, G. G.
Hoving, J. L.
Bronfort, G.
Cervical Overview Group
Publication Title: 
Evidence Report/Technology Assessment

OBJECTIVES: The Vanderbilt Evidence-based Practice Center systematically reviewed evidence on treatment of overactive bladder (OAB), urge urinary incontinence, and related symptoms. We focused on prevalence and incidence, treatment outcomes, comparisons of treatments, modifiers of outcomes, and costs. DATA: We searched PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL. REVIEW METHODS: We included studies published in English from January 1966 to October 2008. We excluded studies with fewer than 50 participants, fewer than 75 percent women, or lack of relevance to OAB.

Author(s): 
Hartmann, Katherine E.
McPheeters, Melissa L.
Biller, Danie H.
Ward, Renée M.
McKoy, J. Nikki
Jerome, Rebecca N.
Micucci, Sandra R.
Meints, Laura
Fisher, Jill A.
Scott, Theresa A.
Slaughter, James C.
Blume, Jeffrey D.

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