Premature Birth

Publication Title: 
International Journal of Nursing Studies

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review to identify, evaluate and summarise studies on the administration of therapeutic massage to preterm neonates during their stay in the NICU, and to assess their methodological quality. DESIGN: systematic review following PRISMA statements guidelines. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive search was performed including relevant articles between January 2004 and December 2013, using the following electronic databases: Medline, PEDro, Web of Science and Scopus.

Author(s): 
Álvarez, María José
Fernández, Daniel
Gómez-Salgado, Juan
Rodríguez-González, Dolores
Rosón, María
Lapeña, Santiago
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine: The Official Journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians

Preterm pregnancies account for approximately 10% of the total pregnancies and are associated with low birth weight (LBW) babies. Recent studies have shown that LBW babies are at an increased risk of developing brain disorders such as cognitive dysfunction and psychiatric disorders. Maternal nutrition, particularly, micronutrients involved in one-carbon metabolism (folic acid, vitamin B(12), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)) have a major role during pregnancy for developing fetus and are important determinants of epigenesis.

Author(s): 
Dhobale, Madhavi
Joshi, Sadhana
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

OBJECTIVE: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is associated with preterm birth (PTB), although the reason underlying this relationship is still unclear. Our objective was to examine DNA methylation patterns of 4 ASD candidate genes in human fetal membranes from spontaneous PTB and uncomplicated term birth. STUDY DESIGN: A literature search for genes that have been implicated in ASD yielded 14 candidate genes (OXTR, SHANK3, BCL2, RORA, EN2, RELN, MECP2, AUTS2, NLGN3, NRXN1, SLC6A4, UBE3A, GABA, AFF2) that were epigenetically modified in relation to ASD.

Author(s): 
Behnia, Fara
Parets, Sasha E.
Kechichian, Talar
Yin, Huaizhi
Dutta, Eryn H.
Saade, George R.
Smith, Alicia K.
Menon, Ramkumar
Publication Title: 
Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey

Asthma is the most common chronic disease of childhood, affecting millions of children in the United States and worldwide. Prematurity is a risk factor for asthma, and certain ethnic or racial minorities such as Puerto Ricans and non-Hispanic blacks are disproportionately affected by both prematurity and asthma.

Author(s): 
Medsker, Brock
Forno, Erick
Simhan, Hyagriv
CeledÛn, Juan C.
Publication Title: 
Pediatrics

BACKGROUND: Young adults born preterm at very low birth weight start families later. Whether less severe immaturity affects adult social outcomes is poorly known. METHODS: The study "Preterm birth and early life programming of adult health and disease" (ESTER, 2009-2011) identified adults born early preterm (<34 weeks' gestation, N = 149), late preterm (? 34 to <37 weeks' gestation, N = 248), and at term (?

Author(s): 
M‰nnistˆ, Tuija
V‰‰r‰sm‰ki, Marja
Sipola-Lepp‰nen, Marika
Tikanm‰ki, Marjaana
Matinolli, Hanna-Maria
Pesonen, Anu-Katriina
R‰ikkˆnen, Katri
J‰rvelin, Marjo-Riitta
Hovi, Petteri
Kajantie, Eero
Publication Title: 
Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies

Eighty-four prenatally depressed women were randomly assigned to yoga, massage therapy or standard prenatal care control groups to determine the relative effects of yoga and massage therapy on prenatal depression and neonatal outcomes. Following 12 weeks of twice weekly yoga or massage therapy sessions (20 min each) both therapy groups versus the control group had a greater decrease on depression, anxiety and back and leg pain scales and a greater increase on a relationship scale.

Author(s): 
Field, Tiffany
Diego, Miguel
Hernandez-Reif, Maria
Medina, Lissette
Delgado, Jeannette
Hernandez, Andrea
Publication Title: 
Infant Behavior & Development

Heart rate (HR) responses to the removal of a monitoring lead were assessed in 56 preterm infants who received moderate pressure, light pressure or no massage therapy. The infants who received moderate pressure massage therapy exhibited lower increases in HR suggesting an attenuated pain response. The heart rate of infants who received moderate pressure massage also returned to baseline faster than the heart rate of the other two groups, suggesting a faster recovery rate.

Author(s): 
Diego, Miguel A.
Field, Tiffany
Hernandez-Reif, Maria
Publication Title: 
Infant Behavior & Development

The effects of comorbid depression and anxiety were compared to the effects of depression alone and anxiety alone on pregnancy mood states and biochemistry and on neonatal outcomes in a large multi-ethnic sample. At the prenatal period the comorbid and depressed groups had higher scores than the other groups on the depression measure. But, the comorbid group had higher anxiety, anger and daily hassles scores than the other groups, and they had lower dopamine levels. As compared to the non-depressed group, they also reported more sleep disturbances and relationship problems.

Author(s): 
Field, Tiffany
Diego, Miguel
Hernandez-Reif, Maria
Figueiredo, Barbara
Deeds, Osvelia
Ascencio, Angela
Schanberg, Saul
Kuhn, Cynthia
Publication Title: 
Infant Behavior & Development

In this paper, preterm infant massage therapy studies are reviewed. Massage therapy has led to weight gain in preterm infants when moderate pressure massage was provided. In studies on passive movement of the limbs, preterm infants also gained significantly more weight, and their bone density also increased. Research on ways of delivering the massage is also explored including using mothers versus therapists and the added effects of using oils. The use of mothers as therapists was effective in at least one study.

Author(s): 
Field, Tiffany
Diego, Miguel
Hernandez-Reif, Maria
Publication Title: 
Infant Behavior & Development

This review covers research on the negative effects of prenatal depression and cortisol on fetal growth, prematurity and low birthweight. Although prenatal depression and cortisol were typically measured at around 20 weeks gestation, other research suggests the stability of depression and cortisol levels across pregnancy. Women with Dysthymia as compared to Major Depression Disorder had higher cortisol levels, and their newborns had lower gestational age and birthweight.

Author(s): 
Field, Tiffany
Diego, Miguel
Hernandez-Reif, Maria

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