Reference Values

Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: Clinical studies suggest that acupuncture can stimulate saliva production and reduce xerostomia (dry mouth). We were interested in exploring the neuronal substrates involved in such responses. METHODS: In a randomized, sham acupuncture controlled, subject blinded trial, twenty healthy volunteers received true and sham acupuncture in random order. Cortical regions that were activated or deactivated during the interventions were evaluated by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Saliva production was also measured.

Author(s): 
Deng, Gary
Hou, Bob L.
Holodny, Andrei I.
Cassileth, Barrie R.
Publication Title: 
Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society

BACKGROUND: Vibration-induced finger flexion reflex (VFR) in the upper extremity is inhibited by needle insertion acupuncture to the large intestine 4 (LI4) at the hand. This claim has a limitation because the inhibitory effect is deduced only from reduction in the maximum finger flexion (FF) force during the tonic flexion reflex by vibratory stimulation after acupuncture. METHODS: The study was a crossover design with two conditions-acupuncture and control-to which 16 healthy volunteers were subjected.

Author(s): 
Takakura, Nobuari
Yajima, Hiroyoshi
Takayama, Miho
Kawase, Akiko
Homma, Ikuo
Publication Title: 
Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society

BACKGROUND: The masking properties of a new, non-penetrating, double-blind placebo acupuncture needle were demonstrated. Practitioners correctly identified some of the needles; if they were confident in this opinion, they would be unblinded. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clues that led to correct identification, and the confidence in this decision.

Author(s): 
Takakura, Nobuari
Takayama, Miho
Kawase, Akiko
Kaptchuk, Ted J.
Yajima, Hiroyoshi
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to investigate the effect of immune-related acupuncture points on serum tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels. METHODS: Ninety (90) healthy volunteers (aged 20-30 years) were randomly assigned into five equal groups. Acupuncture needles were placed into single acupoints bilaterally in each group. The points were Da Zhui (Du-14), Qu Chi (Li-11), Zu San Li (St-36), San Yin Jiao (Sp-6) and a sham point, which is not an acupoint.

Author(s): 
Karatay, Saliha
Akcay, Fatih
Yildirim, Kadir
Erdem, Fazile Hatipoglu
Alp, Filiz
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to explore the characteristics of de qi using electroacupuncture at acupoints with different properties in the meridian category, histological type, and nerve innervations. METHODS: Electroacupuncture was performed on 21 healthy volunteers at paired acupoints of ST36-GB34, CV4-CV12, ST36-ST28, PC6-PC7, and ST36-CV4. Upon acupuncture de qi, the intensities and the prevalence of individual sensations, sensation transmission, and the amplitude of electrical current were recorded.

Author(s): 
Zhou, Kehua
Fang, Jiliang
Wang, Xiaoling
Wang, Yin
Hong, Yang
Liu, Jun
Wang, Lei
Xue, Chao
Wang, Ping
Liu, Baoyan
Zhu, Bing
Publication Title: 
Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology: Journal of the Working Groups on Cardiac Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Cellular Electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology

AIMS: Orthostatic intolerance (OI) is a common clinical problem; however, effective and applicable clinical prevention/treatment is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate whether electroacupuncture (EA) is a novel effective treatment in attenuating OI in healthy individuals. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study used a randomized, controlled, crossover design using two protocols. Orthostatic intolerance was induced with a combination of head-up tilt (HUT) and lower body negative pressure (LBNP).

Author(s): 
Sun, Jing
Sang, Hanfei
Yang, Changbin
Dong, Hailong
Lei, Chong
Lu, Yan
Ma, Yulin
Zhou, Xiaodong
Sun, Xiqing
Xiong, Lize
Publication Title: 
Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the thermographic changes associated with moxa burner moxibustion at the SP6 acupuncture point to establish an appropriate, safe distance of efficacy for moxibustion. METHODS: Baseline temperature changes using a moxa burner were obtained for a paper substrate at various distances and times, and the tested with volunteers in a pilot study. A single-group trial was then conducted with 36 healthy women to monitor temperature changes on the body surface at the acupuncture point (SP6).

Author(s): 
Lin, Li-Mei
Wang, Shu-Fang
Lee, Ru-Ping
Hsu, Bang-Gee
Tsai, Nu-Man
Peng, Tai-Chu

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