Relaxation Therapy

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common developmental disorders experienced in childhood and can persist into adulthood. The disorder has early onset and is characterized by a combination of overactive, poorly modulated behavior with marked inattention. In the long term it can impair academic performance, vocational success and social-emotional development. Meditation is increasingly used for psychological conditions and could be used as a tool for attentional training in the ADHD population.

Author(s): 
Krisanaprakornkit, Thawatchai
Ngamjarus, Chetta
Witoonchart, Chartree
Piyavhatkul, Nawanant
Publication Title: 
Rheumatology (Oxford, England)

OBJECTIVE: To critically review the evidence on the effectiveness of complementary therapies for patients with RA. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials, published in English up to May 2011, were identified using systematic searches of bibliographic databases and searching of reference lists. Information was extracted on outcomes and statistical significance in comparison with alternative treatments and reported side effects. The methodological quality of the identified studies was determined using the Jadad scoring system.

Author(s): 
Macfarlane, Gary J.
Paudyal, Priya
Doherty, Michael
Ernst, Edzard
Lewith, George
MacPherson, Hugh
Sim, Julius
Jones, Gareth T.
Arthritis Research UK Working Group on Complementary and Alternative Therapies for the Management of the Rheumatic Diseases
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (PTB) is a leading cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity. Although the pathogenesis of preterm labour (PTL) is not well understood, there is evidence about the relationship between maternal psychological stress and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Relaxation or mind-body therapies cover a broad range of techniques, e.g. meditation, massage, etc. There is no systematic review investigating the effect of relaxation techniques on preventing PTL and PTB. This review does not cover hypnosis as this is the subject of a separate Cochrane review.

Author(s): 
Khianman, Bussarin
Pattanittum, Porjai
Thinkhamrop, Jadsada
Lumbiganon, Pisake
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common developmental disorders experienced in childhood and can persist into adulthood. The disorder has early onset and is characterized by a combination of overactive, poorly modulated behavior with marked inattention. In the long term it can impair academic performance, vocational success and social-emotional development. Meditation is increasingly used for psychological conditions and could be used as a tool for attentional training in the ADHD population.

Author(s): 
Krisanaprakornkit, Thawatchai
Ngamjarus, Chetta
Witoonchart, Chartree
Piyavhatkul, Nawanant
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (PTB) is a leading cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity. Although the pathogenesis of preterm labour (PTL) is not well understood, there is evidence about the relationship between maternal psychological stress and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Relaxation or mind-body therapies cover a broad range of techniques, e.g. meditation, massage, etc. There is no systematic review investigating the effect of relaxation techniques on preventing PTL and PTB. This review does not cover hypnosis as this is the subject of a separate Cochrane review.

Author(s): 
Khianman, Bussarin
Pattanittum, Porjai
Thinkhamrop, Jadsada
Lumbiganon, Pisake
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

Background Healthcare workers can suffer from occupational stress as a result of lack of skills, organisational factors, and low social support at work.which may lead to distress, burnout and psychosomatic problems, and deterioration in quality of life and service provision.Objectives To evaluate the effectiveness of work- and person-directed interventions compared to no intervention or alternative interventions in preventing stress at work in healthcare workers.Search methods We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL,NIOSHTI

Author(s): 
Ruotsalainen, Jani H.
Verbeek, Jos H.
Marine, Albert
Serra, Consol
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers can suffer from occupational stress as a result of lack of skills, organisational factors, and low social support at work. which may lead to distress, burnout and psychosomatic problems, and deterioration in quality of life and service provision. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of work- and person-directed interventions compared to no intervention or alternative interventions in preventing stress at work in healthcare workers.

Author(s): 
Ruotsalainen, Jani H.
Verbeek, Jos H.
Marine, Albert
Serra, Consol
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers can suffer from occupational stress as a result of lack of skills, organisational factors, and low social support at work. This may lead to distress, burnout and psychosomatic problems, and deterioration in quality of life and service provision. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of work- and person-directed interventions compared to no intervention or alternative interventions in preventing stress at work in healthcare workers.

Author(s): 
Ruotsalainen, Jani H.
Verbeek, Jos H.
Marine, Albert
Serra, Consol
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVES: To introduce research that presents scientific evidence regarding the effects of mantra and mindfulness meditation techniques and yoga on decreasing blood pressure (BP) in patients who have hypertension.

Author(s): 
Park, Seong-Hi
Han, Kuem Sun
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Being diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and labelled with a chronic, life-threatening, and often stigmatizing disease, can impact on a person's well-being. Psychosocial group interventions aim to improve life-functioning and coping as individuals adjust to the diagnosis. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of psychosocial group interventions for improving the psychological well-being of adults living with HIV/AIDS.

Author(s): 
van der Heijden, Ingrid
Abrahams, Naeemah
Sinclair, David

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