Relaxation Therapy

Publication Title: 
Nursing Research

BACKGROUND: Behavior change is integral to the prevention and treatment of many disorders associated with deleterious lifestyles. Rigorous scientific testing of behavior change interventions is an important goal for nursing research. APPROACH: The stage model for behavioral therapy development is recommended as a useful framework for evaluating behavior change strategies. The NIH model specifies three stages from initial testing of novel behavioral therapies to their dissemination in community settings.

Author(s): 
Marcus, Marianne T.
Liehr, Patricia R.
Schmitz, Joy
Moeller, F. Gerald
Swank, Paul
Fine, Micki
Cron, Stanley
Granmayeh, L. Kian
Carroll, Deidra D.
Publication Title: 
Holistic Nursing Practice

Chronic pain is a complex phenomenon that causes a significant disruption in the lives of those affected. Chronic pain is difficult to treat and challenges healthcare professionals' abilities to implement effective treatments. Therefore, chronic pain sufferers often seek complementary alternative medicine therapies such as meditation. Literature reviews have examined studies using mindfulness-based stress reduction program as an intervention for a variety of health problems.

Author(s): 
Teixeira, M. Elizabeth
Publication Title: 
Occupational Medicine (Oxford, England)

BACKGROUND: A variety of workplace-based interventions exist to reduce stress and increase productivity. However, the efficacy of these interventions is sometimes unclear. AIMS: To determine whether complementary therapies offered in the workplace improve employee well-being. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature review which involved an electronic search of articles published between January 2000 and July 2015 from the databases Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PsycINFO, MEDLINE, AMED, CINAHL Plus, EMBASE and PubMed.

Author(s): 
Ravalier, J. M.
Wegrzynek, P.
Lawton, S.
Publication Title: 
Schmerz (Berlin, Germany)

Systematic reviews of psychosocial assessment and effectiveness of psychotherapy for chronic pain syndromes in older patients are rare. However, it is of particular importance to consider the psychosocial aspects of elderly people with chronic pain. This narrative review describes recommended German-language assessments of the psychosocial dimensions of pain and summarizes existing studies of psychological therapy approaches for chronic pain in old age.

Author(s): 
Mattenklodt, P.
Leonhardt, C.
Publication Title: 
Climacteric: The Journal of the International Menopause Society

Postmenopausal women with bothersome vasomotor symptoms (VMS) often seek alternatives to hormone-based treatment due to medication risks or personal preference. We sought to identify the effects of meditation, mindfulness, hypnosis and relaxation on VMS and health-related quality of life in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women. To do this, we conducted an umbrella review supplemented by new randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) published since the most recent good-quality systematic review for eligible interventions.

Author(s): 
Goldstein, K. M.
Shepherd-Banigan, M.
Coeytaux, R. R.
McDuffie, J. R.
Adam, S.
Befus, D.
Goode, A. P.
Kosinski, A. S.
Masilamani, V.
Williams, J. W.
Publication Title: 
Climacteric: The Journal of the International Menopause Society

AIMS: Although most women experience symptom clusters during the menopausal transition and early postmenopause, investigators reporting clinical trial effects for hot flushes often omit co-occurring symptoms. Our aim was to review controlled clinical trials of mind-body therapies for hot flushes and at least one other co-occurring symptom from these groups: sleep, cognitive function, mood, and pain.

Author(s): 
Woods, N. F.
Mitchell, E. S.
Schnall, J. G.
Cray, L.
Ismail, R.
Taylor-Swanson, L.
Thomas, A.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are characterised by long term worry, tension, nervousness, fidgeting and symptoms of autonomic system hyperactivity. Meditation is an age-old self regulatory strategy which is gaining more interest in mental health and psychiatry. Meditation can reduce arousal state and may ameliorate anxiety symptoms in various anxiety conditions.

Author(s): 
Krisanaprakornkit, T.
Krisanaprakornkit, W.
Piyavhatkul, N.
Laopaiboon, M.
Publication Title: 
The Psychiatric Clinics of North America

In this article, the authors assess the successes, remaining challenges, and new developments in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety disorders. They define CBT, examine treatment components, review treatment efficacy, and discuss the challenges of attrition, long-term follow-up, co-occurring/comorbid disorders, limited treatment comparisons, treatment mediators, and broader implementation.

Author(s): 
Arch, Joanna J.
Craske, Michelle G.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Psychosomatic Research

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on depression, anxiety and psychological distress across populations with different chronic somatic diseases. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to examine the effects of MBSR on depression, anxiety, and psychological distress. The influence of quality of studies on the effects of MBSR was analyzed. RESULTS: Eight published, randomized controlled outcome studies were included.

Author(s): 
Bohlmeijer, Ernst
Prenger, Rilana
Taal, Erik
Cuijpers, Pim
Publication Title: 
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Postconcussion syndrome (PCS) is a term used to describe the complex, and controversial, constellation of physical, cognitive and emotional symptoms associated with mild brain injury. At the current time, there is a lack of clear, evidence-based treatment strategies. In this systematic review, the authors aimed to evaluate the potential efficacy of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and other psychological treatments in postconcussion symptoms.

Author(s): 
Al Sayegh, Amal
Sandford, David
Carson, Alan J.

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