Relaxation Therapy

Publication Title: 
International Journal of Clinical Practice

BACKGROUND: People with depressive disorders or subsyndromal symptoms of depression (SSD) often use complementary and alternative therapies, including massage therapy (MT). This systematic review evaluates the evidence, from randomised clinical trials (RCTs), for the effectiveness of multiple sessions of classical European (Swedish) MT for the treatment of depression. METHODS: Eligible RCTs were identified via eight electronic databases and manual searches of references. Two reviewers independently selected trials, assessed trial quality and extracted data.

Author(s): 
Coelho, H. F.
Boddy, K.
Ernst, E.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Breathlessness is a common and distressing symptom in the advanced stages of malignant and non-malignant diseases. Appropriate management requires both pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to determine the effectiveness of non-pharmacological and non-invasive interventions to relieve breathlessness in participants suffering from the five most common conditions causing breathlessness in advanced disease.

Author(s): 
Bausewein, C.
Booth, S.
Gysels, M.
Higginson, I.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA

The therapeutic objectives for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients are to improve their functioning in society. Accordingly, recommended management is to develop a logical strategy including a positive diagnosis, consideration of the patient's agenda and emotional state, critical appraisal of the efficacies of various drugs and a graded therapeutic response. Unfortunately, none of the currently available drugs (e.g.

Author(s): 
Chang, Full-Young
Lu, Ching-Liang
Publication Title: 
Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology

Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has gained increasing popularity, particularly among individuals with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) for which traditional medicine has generally been ineffective. A systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-RCTs on CAM studies for FMS was conducted to evaluate the empirical evidence for their effectiveness. Few RCTs achieved high scores on the CONSORT, a standardized evaluation of the quality of methodology reporting.

Author(s): 
Holdcraft, Laura C.
Assefi, Nassim
Buchwald, Dedra
Publication Title: 
Physical Therapy

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this qualitative systematic review was to assess the evidence concerning the effectiveness of physical therapy interventions in the management of temporomandibular disorders. METHODS: A literature search of published and unpublished articles resulted in the retrieval of 36 potential articles. RESULTS: Twelve studies met all selection criteria for inclusion in the review: 4 studies addressed the use of therapeutic exercise interventions, 2 studies examined the use of acupuncture, and 6 studies examined electrophysical modalities.

Author(s): 
McNeely, Margaret L.
Armijo Olivo, Susan
Magee, David J.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA

The therapeutic objectives for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients are to improve their functioning in society. Accordingly, recommended management is to develop a logical strategy including a positive diagnosis, consideration of the patient's agenda and emotional state, critical appraisal of the efficacies of various drugs and a graded therapeutic response. Unfortunately, none of the currently available drugs (e.g.

Author(s): 
Chang, Full-Young
Lu, Ching-Liang
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Hot flushes are common in women with a history of breast cancer. Hormonal therapies are known to reduce these symptoms but are not recommended in women with a history of breast cancer due to their potential adverse effects. The efficacy of non-hormonal therapies is still uncertain. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of non-hormonal therapies in reducing hot flushes in women with a history of breast cancer.

Author(s): 
Rada, Gabriel
Capurro, Daniel
Pantoja, Tomas
Corbalán, Javiera
Moreno, Gladys
Letelier, Luz M.
Vera, Claudio
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: The pain that women experience during labour is affected by multiple physiological and psychosocial factors and its intensity can vary greatly.  Most women in labour require pain relief. Pain management strategies include non-pharmacological interventions (that aim to help women cope with pain in labour) and pharmacological interventions (that aim to relieve the pain of labour). OBJECTIVES: To summarise the evidence from Cochrane systematic reviews on the efficacy and safety of non-pharmacological and pharmacological interventions to manage pain in labour.

Author(s): 
Jones, Leanne
Othman, Mohammad
Dowswell, Therese
Alfirevic, Zarko
Gates, Simon
Newburn, Mary
Jordan, Susan
Lavender, Tina
Neilson, James P.
Publication Title: 
GMS health technology assessment

BACKGROUND: Menopause is described as the transition from the reproductive phase of a women to the non reproductive. Changes in hormone levels might lead to complaints and health consequences especially during peri- and postmenopause. Hormone therapy has a potential damaging health risk profile and is recommended for temporal limited therapy for acute vasomotor symptoms only.

Author(s): 
Aidelsburger, Pamela
Schauer, Svenja
Grabein, Kristin
Wasem, Jürgen
Publication Title: 
Clinics in Perinatology

A supportive medical team should be well informed on the various pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic modalities of coping with or mitigating labor pain to appropriately support and respectfully care for parturients. Using the methodical rigor of previously published Cochrane systematic reviews, this summary evaluates and discusses the efficacy of nonpharmacologic labor analgesic interventions.

Author(s): 
Arendt, Katherine W.
Tessmer-Tuck, Jennifer A.

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