Religion and Medicine

Publication Title: 
Oncology Nursing Forum

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine what patients with cancer and primary family caregivers expect from nurses with regard to having their spiritual needs addressed. RESEARCH APPROACH: Descriptive, cross-sectional, qualitative study using Miles and Huberman s approach to data reduction. SETTING: Outpatient and inpatient settings in a county hospital and a comprehensive cancer center, both located in a large, southwestern, metropolitan area.

Author(s): 
Taylor, Elizabeth Johnston
Publication Title: 
Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica: Organo Ufficiale Della Societa Italiana Di Otorinolaringologia E Chirurgia Cervico-Facciale

The principle of informed consent, aimed at the lawfulness of health assistance, tends to reflect the concept of autonomy and of decisional autodetermination of the person requiring and requesting medical and/or surgical interventions. This legal formula, over the last few years, has gained not only considerable space but also importance in the doctrinal elaboration and approaches, as well as juridical interpretations, thereby influencing the everyday activities of the medical profession.

Author(s): 
Mallardi, V.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences

Drawing on a large cache of letters to John and Frances Gunther after the death of their son as well as memoirs and fiction by bereaved parents, this essay challenges the assumptions of secularization that infuse histories of twentieth-century American medicine. Many parents who experienced the death of children during the postwar period relied heavily on religion to help make sense of the tragedies medicine could not prevent.

Author(s): 
Golden, Janet
Abel, Emily K.
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

The main purpose of this study was to reach a deeper understanding of factors influencing the attitudes toward organ donation and other procedures with the dead body. From a survey of 400 inhabitants of Uppsala, a city in the middle of Sweden, concerning attitudes toward transplantation issues, 38 individuals with different attitudes toward donation of their own organs were selected for follow-up interviews. From the interviews, more than 600 statements concerning motives and reactions to medical procedures with the dead body were listed.

Author(s): 
Sanner, M.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care

Terms such as religion and spirituality usually imply a mature understanding of philosophical values of life principles and existence. In a holistic paradigm, nurses are ethically obligated to support spiritual aspects of care just as they do the biophysical elements. But how often is this all important step overlooked in our assessments and interventions?

Author(s): 
Kendall, M. L.
Publication Title: 
AIDS education and prevention: official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education

The South Carolina AIDS Care Team Program, directed by The Ecumenical AIDS Ministry, a component of the South Carolina Christian Action Council, provides emotional and supportive services to people living with HIV and AIDS. A sample of volunteer care team members participated in five focus groups as part of a process evaluation. Care teams were asked to participate based on years since training (new vs. experienced), race (white vs. African American), and location (urban vs. rural).

Author(s): 
Christensen, L. A.
Reininger, B. M.
Richter, D. L.
McKeown, R. E.
Jones, A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment

The purpose of this exploratory study was 3-fold: (a) to determine how 'spirituality' is defined by inner-city HIV-positive drug users; (b) to determine perceived relationships between spirituality and abstinence, harm reduction, and health promotion; and (c) to assess interest in a spirituality-based intervention. Opioid-dependent patients enrolled in an inner-city methadone maintenance program participated in the study; 21 participated in focus groups and 47 completed a questionnaire.

Author(s): 
Arnold, RuthM
Avants, S. Kelly
Margolin, Arthur
Marcotte, David
Publication Title: 
Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Fur Alle Gebiete Der Operativen Medizen

A characteristic feature of transplanting organs from living donors is that not only patients in need for treatment but also healthy individuals are submitted to medical interventions. Ethical considerations in this field have to deal with the question of property attributes of the human body and conflicts with traditional medical principles.

Author(s): 
Nagel, E.
Mayer, J.
Publication Title: 
Hepato-Gastroenterology

Living organ donation for transplantation, the ultimate action of altruism, is nowadays the object of extended discussion in many levels. The international trend is to find the best and finest way to support and reward this action. A lot of proposals have been suggested, some of them, however, could turn the whole action into a procedure of trade. In this paper, the present status and the international trend in living organ donation are discussed; furthermore, the role of information, education and religion in the individual acceptance of "being a living donor" is evaluated.

Author(s): 
Sotiropoulos, Georgios C.
Brokalaki, Eirini I.
Publication Title: 
Comprehensive Therapy

Psychosocial stress induces adverse changes in autonomic tone accounting for substantial but modifiable cardiovascular risk. Various factors, including depression, social isolation, hostility and anxiety increase cardiovascular risk, whereas social support, altruism, faith and optimism reduce risk.

Author(s): 
O'Keefe, James H.
Poston, Walker S.
Haddock, C. Keith
Moe, Richard M.
Harris, William

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