Reproductive Behavior

Publication Title: 
Family Planning Perspectives

A survey of the attitudes and practices of general practitioners in Northern Ireland regarding contraception and abortion was carried out in 1994 and 1995 with a randomized sample of 154 physicians. The vast majority of doctors who received requests for contraceptives from their patients fulfilled those request (94%). Overall, 13% of the doctors said a married patient had requested an abortion in the past three months, and 34% had had a similar request from an unmarried patient.

Author(s): 
Francome, C.
Publication Title: 
Revista Latino-Americana De Enfermagem

Considering and respecting religious beliefs and values is vital for delivering integral health care. This study describes the religious principles and guidance provided by Catholic priests on sexuality and reproduction. The oral history method was used. Interviews were carried out between August 2007 and May 2008 and were analyzed in an inductive and interpretive manner to acquire a deep focus on the theme. Thirteen Catholic priests from the city of S„o Paulo, SP, Brazil were interviewed.

Author(s): 
Hoga, Luiza Akiko Komura
Tiburcio, Cristiane Alves
Borges, Ana Luiza Vilela
Zoboli, Elma Lourdes Campos Pavone
Chavez-Alvarez, Rocio Elizabeth
Publication Title: 
Anthropology & Medicine

Polish birthrates during the state socialist period, 1948-1989, stayed above replacement level but since 1989 fell dramatically to one of the lowest in Europe, at 1.29 in 2010. The Polish Catholic Church and the newly-elected nationalist government of Lech Wa??sa reacted by escalating pronatalist rhetoric calling on women to increase childbearing in the name of economic and nationalist causes.

Author(s): 
Mishtal, Joanna
Publication Title: 
Culture, Health & Sexuality

In Timor-Leste, high fertility, high maternal mortality and low levels of contraceptive prevalence demonstrate the importance of exploring perceptions, policies and practices around reproductive health and rights. This paper explores the influence of the Catholic Church on reproductive decision-making at different levels of policy and practice.

Author(s): 
Richards, Esther
Publication Title: 
Papua and New Guinea Medical Journal
Author(s): 
Taufa, R.
Publication Title: 
Adolescence

This study questions the findings of most research claiming that teenage pregnancies are generally unwanted, unplanned and unintended. It starts with the question of why most sexually active teenagers put themselves at risk of becoming pregnant if they do not desire it. The hypothesis is that sentiments of "love" and "aspirations for marriage" are related to starting sexual activity and subsequent pregnancy. The sample is 123 school-age mothers.

Author(s): 
Scott, J. W.
Publication Title: 
Adolescence

This study investigated the differences in the mother-daughter relationship of pregnant and nonpregnant adolescents. Data were gathered from questionnaires completed by 40 nonpregnant and 20 pregnant adolescents. All respondents were single, secondary school students matched on all demographic variables except grade point average which was significantly lower for the pregnant group. Significant differences in perception of their relationships with their mothers were found on love, attention, and interdependence, with the pregnant group perceiving less of these factors.

Author(s): 
Olson, C. F.
Worobey, J.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Social Psychology

Feelings of romanticism and self-esteem among pregnant adolescents, adolescent mothers, and a control group of nonpregnant, nonparenting adolescents were investigated. The Bachman Self-Esteem Scale (Bachman, O'Malley, & Johnston, 1978) and the Dean Romanticism Scale (Dean, 1961) were distributed to 649 U.S. female adolescents--255 pregnant adolescents, 121 adolescent mothers, and 273 teenagers in the control group.

Author(s): 
Medora, N. P.
Goldstein, A.
von der Hellen, C.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse

This paper explores the social contexts of reproductive decision making among poor African-American women in inner-city distressed households by focusing on women's narratives of their reproductive and maternal experiences. We explore the hidden agendas and motivations that underpin women's reproductive decisions and perceived choices within the turmoil of poverty, domestic instability, economic uncertainty, and addiction.

Author(s): 
Dunlap, Eloise
St¸rzenhofecker, Gabriele
Johnson, Bruce
Publication Title: 
Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

CONTEXT: Adolescents' desire for a pregnancy has been explored more among females than among males. A more comprehensive understanding of teenagers' pregnancy desires is needed to inform pregnancy prevention efforts and to support couples as they undergo the transition to parenthood. METHODS: In an observational cohort study conducted in 2007-2011 at clinics in Connecticut, data were collected from 296 couples (females aged 14-21 and their partners) who were expecting a baby.

Author(s): 
Sipsma, Heather
Divney, Anna A.
Niccolai, Linda M.
Gordon, Derrick
Magriples, Urania
Kershaw, Trace S.

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