Risk Reduction Behavior

Publication Title: 
International Journal of Cardiology

BACKGROUND: The aim of this review was to systematically assess and meta-analyze the effects of yoga on modifiable biological cardiovascular disease risk factors in the general population and in high-risk disease groups. METHODS: MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, and IndMED were screened through August 2013 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on yoga for predefined cardiovascular risk factors in healthy participants, non-diabetic participants with high risk for cardiovascular disease, or participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Author(s): 
Cramer, Holger
Lauche, Romy
Haller, Heidemarie
Steckhan, Nico
Michalsen, Andreas
Dobos, Gustav
Publication Title: 
Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing

The purpose of this integrative review is to describe and assess randomized controlled trials of interventions to reduce peripheral arterial disease (PAD) risk factors among African Americans, given the high morbidity and mortality associated with PAD and the poorer outcomes in African Americans with PAD. The reviewed studies include non-pharmacological interventions aimed at the reduction of hemoglobin A1c, blood pressure and lipids in African-American patients with the causal PAD risk factors of diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidemia.

Author(s): 
Eastridge, Diana K.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: There are high expectations regarding the potential for the communication of DNA-based disease risk estimates to motivate behaviour change. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of communicating DNA-based disease risk estimates on risk-reducing behaviours and motivation to undertake such behaviours.

Author(s): 
Marteau, Theresa M.
French, David P.
Griffin, Simon J.
Prevost, A. T.
Sutton, Stephen
Watkinson, Clare
Attwood, Sophie
Hollands, Gareth J.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Nursing Education

Manifestations of stress and anger are becoming more evident in society. Anger, an emotion associated with stress, often affects other aspects of everyday life, including the workplace and the educational setting. Stress and irrational anger in nursing students presents a potential teaching-learning problem that requires innovative evidence-based solutions. In this article, anger in nursing students is discussed, and background information on the topic is provided.

Author(s): 
Shirey, Maria R.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners

PURPOSE: To provide nurse practitioners (NPs) with clinical research about Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) and demonstrate its usefulness for reducing stress in a variety of populations. DATA SOURCES: A literature review was conducted using the following databases: EBSCO, Cinahl, Pschyline, and Medline. English language articles published between 2000 and 2006 in peer-reviewed journals were reviewed. Search terms "mindfulness,"meditation," and "stress" were used. Additional information was obtained through select, reputable Internet sites.

Author(s): 
Praissman, Sharon
Publication Title: 
Current Cardiology Reports

The purpose of this review is to provide (1) a synopsis on relations of mindfulness with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and major CVD risk factors, and (2) an initial consensus-based overview of mechanisms and theoretical framework by which mindfulness might influence CVD. Initial evidence, often of limited methodological quality, suggests possible impacts of mindfulness on CVD risk factors including physical activity, smoking, diet, obesity, blood pressure, and diabetes regulation.

Author(s): 
Loucks, Eric B.
Schuman-Olivier, Zev
Britton, Willoughby B.
Fresco, David M.
Desbordes, Gaelle
Brewer, Judson A.
Fulwiler, Carl
Publication Title: 
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a chronic gastrointestinal disorder, affects from 3-20% of the US population, depending on sociocultural and comorbid factors. IBS is characterized by a symptom complex of abdominal pain and abnormal bowel habits that present as diarrhea or constipation, and general physical weakness in the absence of abnormal morphological, histological or inflammatory markers. The main diagnostic Rome III criteria as established by international professional organizations are based on exclusion criteria and the occurrence and rate of symptoms.

Author(s): 
Grundmann, Oliver
Yoon, Saunjoo L.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a chronic gastrointestinal disorder, affects from 3-20% of the US population, depending on sociocultural and comorbid factors. IBS is characterized by a symptom complex of abdominal pain and abnormal bowel habits that present as diarrhea or constipation, and general physical weakness in the absence of abnormal morphological, histological or inflammatory markers. The main diagnostic Rome III criteria as established by international professional organizations are based on exclusion criteria and the occurrence and rate of symptoms.

Author(s): 
Grundmann, Oliver
Yoon, Saunjoo L.
Publication Title: 
Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Fruits and vegetables are known for their beneficial effects on chronic diseases. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the protective effect of a diet rich in fruits and vegetables on total stroke mortality and its 2 main subtypes in men and women separately. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of 40 349 Japanese men and women was initiated in 1980-1981 and followed until 1998. Fruit and vegetable intake was assessed at baseline on the basis of the response to a food frequency questionnaire.

Author(s): 
Sauvaget, C.
Nagano, J.
Allen, N.
Kodama, K.
Publication Title: 
Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) has emerged as the dominant cause of irretrievable visual loss in most developed countries achieving increasing longevity. The major cause of rapid and severe visual loss is the development of choroidal neovascularisation under the macula (exudative or wet AMD).

Author(s): 
Constable, Ian
Shen, Wei-Yong
Rakoczy, Elizabeth

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