Safe Sex

Publication Title: 
Reproductive Health Matters

Decades of mismanagement, combined with the withdrawal of international cooperation and a protracted war, have seriously affected the health system in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the health status of the population. As part of a Belgian development cooperation programme, we conducted a study in Kinshasa and Bukavu in April-May 2004 on how a rights-based approach could contribute to an effective and appropriate response to the sexual and reproductive health needs of Congolese adolescents. Access to condom information and supplies was studied in this context.

Author(s): 
Bosmans, Marleen
Cikuru, Marie NoÎl
Claeys, Patricia
Temmerman, Marleen
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

This paper contends that sexuality research has paid far too limited attention to the phenomenology of sexual experience, thus failing to recognize the importance of embodied sensory experience for sexual perceptions and practices in general and for sexual risk-taking in particular. In order to comprehend the cultural rationales of sexual risk-taking among urban Vietnamese youth, the author presents an analysis which combines a detailed attention to the phenomenology of sexual experience with a social analysis of the wider socio-economic contexts within which sexual practices are embedded.

Author(s): 
Gammeltoft, Tine
Publication Title: 
Journal of Health Psychology

Q methodology was applied to investigate the views of young people from Catalunia, England and Slovakia regarding sexual relationships and their health implications. The Q sorts of 188 16-18-year-olds from these three diverse European regions were reduced by Q factor analysis to six clear accounts.

Author(s): 
Stenner, Paul H. D.
Bianchi, Gabriel
Popper, Miroslav
Supekov·, Marianna
LuksÌk, Ivan
Pujol, Joan
Publication Title: 
Journal of Sex Research

Most research on sexual content in the media has focused on visual images such as those in TV, film, advertisements, and magazines. However, researchers have largely overlooked sexual content in novels. The popularity of novels and the potential for such literature to educate teens on sexual behaviors merits a closer examination into the sexual messages contained in popular adolescent literature. This study content analyzes the top 40 novels targeting adolescents. Results show that adolescent novels are replete with sex-related information, especially in novels targeted to girls.

Author(s): 
Callister, Mark
Coyne, Sarah M.
Stern, Lesa A.
Stockdale, Laura
Miller, Malinda J.
Wells, Brian M.
Publication Title: 
AIDS and behavior

Using data from a sample of single young men who have sex with men (N = 1,359, ages 18-24, 65 % White, 93 % gay), we examined whether the number of unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) partners with differed across relationship typologies (e.g., friends with benefits, hookups, romantic interests). We then examined how safer sex self-efficacy, decisional balance to forego condoms, ideal relationship attributes (i.e., intimacy, passion and commitment), and limerence were associated with UAI.

Author(s): 
Bauermeister, JosÈ A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Homosexuality

This article explores the idea that the AIDS epidemic constituted a defining moment for the Canadian gay rights movement and illuminates the intricate power dynamics of the development of a community identity. Using grounded theory inductive and deductive content analysis, and interviews with activists from the Body Politic magazine, this article considers notions of health "from above" and "from below" by examining relations between the community and government and their confrontation with medicalization and the medical profession.

Author(s): 
McKenzie, Cameron
Publication Title: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (1999)

This study examined perceived risks, benefits, and desired information related to willingness to volunteer in preventive HIV vaccine trials. SAMPLE: Purposive sampling was used to select 90 participants among injecting drug users (Philadelphia, PA, U.S.A.); gay men (San Francisco, CA, U.S.A.); and black Americans (Durham, NC, U.S.A.). METHODS: A qualitative interview guide elicited perceived benefits, risks, and desired information relating to trial participation. Themes were developed from the transcribed texts and from freelists.

Author(s): 
Strauss, R. P.
Sengupta, S.
Kegeles, S.
McLellan, E.
Metzger, D.
Eyre, S.
Khanani, F.
Emrick, C. B.
MacQueen, K. M.
Publication Title: 
AIDS and behavior

Relatively little attention has been paid to unique factors that may motivate HIV-seropositive men who have sex with men (MSM) to prevent HIV transmission. This study examines the beliefs of 250 HIV-seropositive MSM about their responsibility for protecting sex partners from HIV infection. Participants completed an open-ended interview about their sexual practices, substance use, and other HIV-related issues. Seventy percent of participants were men of color.

Author(s): 
Wolitski, Richard J.
Bailey, Caroline J.
O'Leary, Ann
GÛmez, Cynthia A.
Parsons, Jeffrey T.
Seropositive Urban Men's Study (SUMS)
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

Few Positive Prevention interventions have been implemented in Africa; however, greater attention is now being paid to interventions that include messages of personal responsibility or altruism that may motivate HIV-infected individuals towards HIV prevention behaviors in Africa. We conducted 47 in-depth interviews in 2004 with HIV-infected men and women purposefully sampled to represent a range of sexual activities among clients of an AIDS support organization in Uganda. Qualitative interviews were selected from a cross-sectional survey of 1092 HIV-infected men and women.

Author(s): 
King, Rachel
Lifshay, Julie
Nakayiwa, Sylvia
Katuntu, David
Lindkvist, Pille
Bunnell, Rebecca
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics: The Official Organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics

OBJECTIVE: To examine obstetrician-gynecologists' beliefs about safe-sex and abstinence counseling. METHODS: Between October 2008 and January 2009, a survey was mailed to a national randomized sample of 1800 practicing US obstetrician-gynecologists. Study variables were agreement with 2 statements. (1) "If physicians counsel patients about safe-sex practices, the patients will be less likely to engage in risky sexual behaviors". (2) "If physicians counsel patients about abstinence, the patients will be much less likely to engage in sexual activity".

Author(s): 
Lawrence, Ryan E.
Rasinski, Kenneth A.
Yoon, John D.
Curlin, Farr A.

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